Pashupata Shaivism

PashupataPasupataPashupata sectPashupata ShaivitePasupatasLakula SectPashupathsPashupatinathPasupata ShaivitePasupatasutra
Pashupata Shaivism is the oldest of the major Shaivite Hindu schools.wikipedia
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Pashupata Shaivism is the oldest of the major Shaivite Hindu schools.
In the early centuries of the common era is the first clear evidence of Pāśupata Shaivism.


PashupatinathPasupatilord of animals
Pashu in Pashupati refers to the effect (or created world), the word designates that which is dependent on something ulterior.

Indian philosophy

philosophyIndianIndian philosopher

Shaiva Siddhanta

Saiva SiddhantaSiddhantaSaiva
Such a notion of liberatory initiation appears to have been borrowed from a Pashupata (pāśupata) tradition.


They are also referred to in the epic Mahabharata which is thought to have reached a final form by 4th century CE.

South India

Southern IndiaSouth IndianPeninsular India
The Pashupata movement was influential in South India in the period between the 7th and 14th century.


Pashupata Shaivism was a devotional (bhakti) and ascetic movement.


Atharvasiras Upanishsad describes the pashupata vrata as that which consists of besmearing one's own body with ashes and at the same time muttering mantra — "Agni is ashes, Vayu is ashes, Sky is ashes, all this is ashes, the mind, these eyes are ashes."

Merit (Buddhism)

meritmerit-makingmaking merit
Rituals and spiritual practices were done to acquire merit or puṇya.


Pashupatas disapprove of the Vaishnava theology, known for its doctrine servitude of souls to the Supreme Being, on the grounds that dependence upon anything cannot be the means of cessation of pain and other desired ends.

Classical element

four elementsclassical elementselements
The effects are of ten kinds, the earth, four elements and their qualities, colour etc. . The causes are of thirteen kinds, the five organs of cognition, the five organs of action, the three internal organs, intellect, the ego principle and the cognising principle.

Ātman (Hinduism)

These insentient causes are held responsible for the illusive identification of Self with non-Self.


reincarnatedrebirthpast lives
The sentient spirit, which is subject to transmigration is of two kinds, the appetent and nonappetent.

Spiritual practice

spiritual exercisesspiritual disciplinespiritual practices
Rituals and spiritual practices were done to acquire merit or puṇya.


Lakulisha (Sanskrit:, Devnagari: लकुलीश) (Etymology: लगुड (staff) or लकुट (mace) + ईश (lord) = meaning, the lord with a staff or mace or club or stick) was a prominent Shaivite revivalist, reformist and preceptor of the doctrine of the Pashupatas, one of the oldest sects of Shaivism.


Bali, IndonesiaBalineseBali Island
In ancient Bali, nine Hindu sects existed, namely Pasupata, Bhairawa, Siwa Shidanta, Vaishnava, Bodha, Brahma, Resi, Sora and Ganapatya.

Hindu philosophy

Hindu philosopherdarsanasDarshanas
Examples of such schools include Pāśupata Śaiva, Śaiva siddhānta, Pratyabhijña, Raseśvara and Vaiṣṇava.

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali

Yoga SutrasYoga SutraYogasutras
Before the 20th century, history indicates that the medieval Indian yoga scene was dominated by the various other texts such as the Bhagavad Gita and the Yoga Vasistha, texts attributed to Yajnavalkya and Hiranyagarbha, as well as literature on hatha yoga, tantric yoga and Pashupata Shaivism yoga rather than the Yoga Sūtras of Patañjali.


Today, Lingayats, along with Shaiva Siddhanta followers, Naths, Pashupaths, Kapalikas and others constitute the Shaiva population.


They appear to have been an offshoot of the Pashupata sect, about whom more is known.


KarvanKayavarohan TempleKayavarohana
Kayavarohan is considered as the birthplace of Lakulisha, the 2nd Century C.E. Shaivite revivalist, reformer and propounder of the pashupata doctrine.