Patriarchal age

Ancestral historyPatriarchpatriarchal narrativespatriarchal period
The patriarchal age is the era of the three biblical patriarchs, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, according to the narratives of Genesis 12–50.wikipedia
46 Related Articles

Abraham

IbrahimAbramAbraham the Patriarch
The patriarchal age is the era of the three biblical patriarchs, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, according to the narratives of Genesis 12–50. Based on this chronology and the Rabbinic tradition, ancient Jewish sources such as Seder Olam Rabbah date the birth of Abraham to 1948 AM (c. 1813 BCE) and place the death of Jacob in 2255 AM (c. 1506 BCE).
The Abraham story cannot be definitively related to any specific time, and it is widely agreed that the patriarchal age, along with the exodus and the period of the judges, is a late literary construct that does not relate to any period in actual history.

Book of Genesis

GenesisGen.Gen
The patriarchal age is the era of the three biblical patriarchs, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, according to the narratives of Genesis 12–50. Little interest in questioning the biblical chronology existed before then, but with the development of the documentary hypothesis – the theory that the Pentateuch, including the Book of Genesis, was composed not by Moses but by unknown authors living at various times between 950 and 450 BC.
It can be divided into two parts, the Primeval history (chapters 1–11) and the Ancestral history (chapters 12–50).

Patriarchs (Bible)

Patriarchspatriarchbiblical patriarchs
The patriarchal age is the era of the three biblical patriarchs, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, according to the narratives of Genesis 12–50.
These three figures are referred to collectively as the patriarchs, and the period in which they lived is known as the patriarchal age.

Nuzi texts

around 5,000 tablets
Nuzi Texts
They have also been viewed as evidence for the age and veracity of certain parts of the Old Testament, especially of the Patriarchal age, but this is no longer widely accepted.

Isaac

SonYitzchak/IsaacYitzhak
The patriarchal age is the era of the three biblical patriarchs, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, according to the narratives of Genesis 12–50.

Jacob

Israelsons of JacobJacob (Israel)
The patriarchal age is the era of the three biblical patriarchs, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, according to the narratives of Genesis 12–50. Based on this chronology and the Rabbinic tradition, ancient Jewish sources such as Seder Olam Rabbah date the birth of Abraham to 1948 AM (c. 1813 BCE) and place the death of Jacob in 2255 AM (c. 1506 BCE).

Primeval history

first chapters of Genesisfirst eleven chaptersThe Early Narratives of Genesis
(These chapters also contain the history of Joseph, although Joseph is not one of the patriarchs.) It is preceded in the Bible by the primeval history and followed by The Exodus.

The Exodus

Exodusexodus from Egyptand returned
(These chapters also contain the history of Joseph, although Joseph is not one of the patriarchs.) It is preceded in the Bible by the primeval history and followed by The Exodus.

Kingdom of Israel (Samaria)

Kingdom of IsraelIsraelnorthern Kingdom of Israel
The Bible contains an intricate pattern of chronologies from the creation of Adam, the first man, to the reigns of the later kings of ancient Israel and Judah.

Kingdom of Judah

Judahking of JudahJudahite
The Bible contains an intricate pattern of chronologies from the creation of Adam, the first man, to the reigns of the later kings of ancient Israel and Judah.

Seder Olam Rabbah

Seder OlamSeder 'OlamTraditional Jewish chronology
Based on this chronology and the Rabbinic tradition, ancient Jewish sources such as Seder Olam Rabbah date the birth of Abraham to 1948 AM (c. 1813 BCE) and place the death of Jacob in 2255 AM (c. 1506 BCE).

Anno Mundi

AMA.M.creation
Based on this chronology and the Rabbinic tradition, ancient Jewish sources such as Seder Olam Rabbah date the birth of Abraham to 1948 AM (c. 1813 BCE) and place the death of Jacob in 2255 AM (c. 1506 BCE).

Biblical criticism

biblical scholarsbiblical scholarshipcritical scholars
As such, the events before this period came to be disputed with the advent of biblical criticism in the 19th century. Out of this heated debate between the various theories of biblical criticism and traditional, religious interpretations was born biblical archaeology, a form of archaeology different from others in that it sought not to discover and interpret mute evidence, but to validate or invalidate the historicity of the patriarchs and the events surrounding their lives, as described within the Bible.

Chronology of the Bible

biblical chronology2666 Anno MundiBiblical Chronologies
Little interest in questioning the biblical chronology existed before then, but with the development of the documentary hypothesis – the theory that the Pentateuch, including the Book of Genesis, was composed not by Moses but by unknown authors living at various times between 950 and 450 BC.

Documentary hypothesis

redactordeuteronomistic historian(s)were imposed long after
Little interest in questioning the biblical chronology existed before then, but with the development of the documentary hypothesis – the theory that the Pentateuch, including the Book of Genesis, was composed not by Moses but by unknown authors living at various times between 950 and 450 BC.

Torah

LawPentateuchMosaic Law
Little interest in questioning the biblical chronology existed before then, but with the development of the documentary hypothesis – the theory that the Pentateuch, including the Book of Genesis, was composed not by Moses but by unknown authors living at various times between 950 and 450 BC.

Moses

MosaicMosheMusa
Little interest in questioning the biblical chronology existed before then, but with the development of the documentary hypothesis – the theory that the Pentateuch, including the Book of Genesis, was composed not by Moses but by unknown authors living at various times between 950 and 450 BC.

Biblical archaeology

biblical archaeologistBiblical archaeologistsarchaeologist
Out of this heated debate between the various theories of biblical criticism and traditional, religious interpretations was born biblical archaeology, a form of archaeology different from others in that it sought not to discover and interpret mute evidence, but to validate or invalidate the historicity of the patriarchs and the events surrounding their lives, as described within the Bible.

William F. Albright

Albright, W.F.AlbrightWilliam Albright
The most eminent of early biblical archaeologists was William F. Albright, who believed that he had identified the patriarchal age in the period 2100–1800 BC, the Intermediate Bronze Age, the interval between two periods of highly developed urban culture in ancient Canaan.

Bronze Age

BronzeLate Bronze AgeEarly Bronze Age
The most eminent of early biblical archaeologists was William F. Albright, who believed that he had identified the patriarchal age in the period 2100–1800 BC, the Intermediate Bronze Age, the interval between two periods of highly developed urban culture in ancient Canaan.

Canaan

Canaaniteland of CanaanCanaanites
The most eminent of early biblical archaeologists was William F. Albright, who believed that he had identified the patriarchal age in the period 2100–1800 BC, the Intermediate Bronze Age, the interval between two periods of highly developed urban culture in ancient Canaan.

Late Bronze Age collapse

Bronze Age Collapsecollapse of the Bronze Agecollapse
Albright argued that he had found evidence of the sudden collapse of the previous Early Bronze Age culture, and ascribed this to the invasion of migratory pastoral nomads from the northeast whom he identified with the Amorites mentioned in Mesopotamian texts.

Nomadic pastoralism

nomadic pastoralistspastoral nomadsnomadic
Albright argued that he had found evidence of the sudden collapse of the previous Early Bronze Age culture, and ascribed this to the invasion of migratory pastoral nomads from the northeast whom he identified with the Amorites mentioned in Mesopotamian texts.

Amorites

AmoriteMartuAmurru
Albright argued that he had found evidence of the sudden collapse of the previous Early Bronze Age culture, and ascribed this to the invasion of migratory pastoral nomads from the northeast whom he identified with the Amorites mentioned in Mesopotamian texts.