Patriot Act

A warrant canary, posted in a Craftsbury, Vermont library in 2005: "The FBI has not been here (watch very closely for removal of this sign)". Announcing the receipt of a national security letter would violate the associated gag order, while removing the sign would not.

Landmark Act of the United States Congress, signed into law by President George W. Bush.

- Patriot Act

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Telephone tapping

Monitoring of telephone and Internet-based conversations by a third party, often by covert means.

Telephone line control device "Jitka", used in late 1960s by Czechoslovakian StB to signal line occupancy, and connect a recorder
A telephone recording adapter (in-line tap). The phone jack connects to the wall socket while the phone being monitored is connected to the adapter's socket. The audio plug connects to the recording device (computer, tape recorder, etc.).
CrimethInc. sticker on a telephone warning users of phone tapping by the U.S. government

A notable example of this is the Patriot Act.

George W. Bush

American politician who served as the 43rd president of the United States from 2001 to 2009.

Official portrait, 2003
George W. Bush with his parents, Barbara and George H. W. Bush, c. undefined 1947
Governor Bush (right) with father, former president George H. W. Bush, and wife, Laura, 1997
2000 electoral vote results
2004 electoral vote results
George W. Bush re-election campaign stop in Grand Rapids, Michigan.
Deficit and debt increases from 2001 to 2009. Gross debt has increased over $500billion each year since the 2003 fiscal year.
President Bush signing the No Child Left Behind Act into law, January 8, 2002
President Bush delivering a statement on energy, urging Congress to end offshore oil drill ban, June 18, 2008
President Bush discussing border security with Secretary of Homeland Security Michael Chertoff near El Paso, November 2005
President Bush with hurricane victims in Biloxi, September 2, 2005
President Bush announcing his nomination of Alberto Gonzales as the next U.S. Attorney General, November 10, 2004
Countries visited by President George W. Bush during his time in office
President Bush with Russian president Vladimir Putin in Shanghai, October 21, 2001. Russia had cooperated with the U.S. in the war on terror.
President Bush, beside firefighter Bob Beckwith, addressing rescue workers at the World Trade Center site
Countries with major military operations throughout the war on terror launched by Bush, including those launched after his presidency
President Bush and President Hamid Karzai of Afghanistan in Kabul, March 1, 2006
President Bush, with Naval Flight Officer Lieutenant Ryan Philips, after landing on the USS Abraham Lincoln prior to his Mission Accomplished speech, May 1, 2003
Gallup/USA Today Bush public opinion polling from February 2001 to January 2009
Protest against the Iraq War in New London, Connecticut on May 23, 2007
Countries with a U.S. military presence in 2007
Charlie Strong (left), Texas Longhorns head football coach, George W. Bush and Reverend Jesse Jackson hold up a Texas Longhorns football jersey at the LBJ Presidential Library in 2014
Bush eulogizing his father at the National Cathedral, December 5, 2018
George W. Bush and Laura at the inauguration of Joe Biden
George W. Bush Presidential Center, on the campus of Southern Methodist University

He signed the Patriot Act to authorize surveillance of suspected terrorists.

Russ Feingold

American lawyer and politician who served as a United States Senator from Wisconsin from 1993 to 2011.

Feingold signs up as a member of Working America, August 4, 2008.
Feingold with labor leaders in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, September 1, 2008.
Feingold speaking on the Senate floor about his opposition to the Patriot Act, October 25, 2001.
Feingold in 2005.
Feingold on the campaign trail, stumping for Maria Cantwell (D-WA), October 2006.

He was the only senator to vote against the Patriot Act during the first vote on the legislation.

Ron Paul

American author, activist, physician, and retired politician who served as the U.S. representative for Texas's 22nd congressional district from 1976 to 1977 and again from 1979 to 1985, and for Texas's 14th congressional district from 1997 to 2013.

Paul in 2011
Paul in 1979
An earlier congressional portrait of Paul, c. 1997
2007 congressional portrait
Paul campaigning for president in Manchester, New Hampshire, June 2007
Paul's Rally for the Republic, held in Minneapolis, Minnesota on September 2, 2008
Paul speaking at a rally at Lindenwood University in St. Charles, Missouri, March 2012
Paul speaking at the 2011 Liberty Political Action Conference (LPAC)
Paul at the 2007 National Right to Life Committee Convention
Paul at a rally in Erlanger, Kentucky, in October 2010, along with his son, senatorial candidate Rand Paul of Kentucky, and his grandson, William Paul (pictured from right to left)

He has also been a vocal critic of mass surveillance policies such as the USA PATRIOT Act and the NSA surveillance programs.

USA Freedom Act

A warrant canary, posted in a Craftsbury, Vermont library in 2005: "The FBI has not been here (watch very closely for removal of this sign)". Announcing the receipt of a national security letter would violate the associated gag order, while removing the sign would not.

The USA Freedom Act is a U.S. law enacted on June 2, 2015, that restored and modified several provisions of the Patriot Act, which had expired the day before.

Money laundering

Process of concealing the origin of money, often obtained from illicit activities such as drug trafficking, corruption, embezzlement or gambling, by converting it into a legitimate source.

Placing "dirty" money in a service company, where it is layered with legitimate income and then integrated into the flow of money, is a common form of money laundering.

The September 11 attacks in 2001, which led to the Patriot Act in the U.S. and similar legislation worldwide, led to a new emphasis on money laundering laws to combat terrorism financing.

Butch Otter

American businessman and politician who served as the 32nd governor of Idaho from 2007 to 2019.

Otter in 2017
Butch and Lori Otter opening the 2009 Special Olympics World Winter Games

In Congress, Otter was largely conservative with a slight libertarian streak, as reflected in his opposition to the Patriot Act.

Asset forfeiture

Form of confiscation of assets by the authorities.

They have done this by enacting various anti-money-laundering and forfeiture laws such as the RICO Act of 1970 and the USA Patriot Act of 2001.

Indefinite detention

Incarceration of an arrested person by a national government or law enforcement agency for an indefinite amount of time without a trial; the practice violates many national and international laws, including human rights laws.

According to some views, certain rights derive from deities or nature

According to the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), Section 412 of the Patriot Act permits indefinite detention of immigrants; one of the most highly publicized cases has been that of Jose Padilla, whose ultimate prosecution and conviction in the United States have been highly controversial.

Jim Sensenbrenner

American politician who represented in the United States House of Representatives from 1979 to 2021 (numbered as the 9th district until 2003).

Sensenbrenner watches President George W. Bush signing the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act, November 2003.
Sensenbrenner's official portrait, by George and Jim Pollard, 1998

Also in 2006, the NRA lobbied Sensenbrenner to add a provision to the Patriot Act re-authorization that requires Senate confirmation of ATF director nominees.