Peace Monument

Grief holds her covered face against the shoulder of History and weeps in mourning.
Victory with infants Mars and Neptune
Peace

Erected from 1877 to 1878 in commemoration of the naval deaths at sea during the American Civil War.

- Peace Monument

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Pennsylvania Avenue

Diagonal street in Washington, D.C., and Prince George's County, Maryland, that connects the White House and the United States Capitol and then crosses the city to Maryland.

Looking southeast down Pennsylvania Avenue, NW towards the United States Capitol seen here from the Old Post Office Pavilion.
Pennsylvania Avenue NW street sign near the White House
A 1942 photo of a DC 4 shield.
Drawing of Pennsylvania Avenue and the Capitol before it was burned down in 1814
Intersection of 11th Street and Pennsylvania Avenue, NW, in 1921
Looking southeast down Pennsylvania Avenue towards the Old Post Office Pavilion and United States Capitol.
Crossroads of K Street and Pennsylvania Avenue in the Foggy Bottom neighborhood
Protesters marching down Pennsylvania Avenue during the September 15, 2007 anti-war protest.
The White House is at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue.
Storefronts along Pennsylvania Avenue in the Capitol Hill neighborhood

Peace Monument

James A. Garfield Monument

Memorial to United States President James A. Garfield, elected in 1880 and assassinated in 1881 after serving only four months of his term, by a disgruntled office-seeker named Charles J. Guiteau.

Garfield Monument in 2008
James Garfield Statue at Sunset
One of three allegorical figures, Scholar, is at the base of the monument.

Today it stands as part of a three-part sculptural group near the Capitol Reflecting Pool including the Peace Monument and the Ulysses S. Grant Memorial.

Ulysses S. Grant Memorial

Presidential memorial in Washington, D.C., honoring American Civil War general and 18th United States President Ulysses S. Grant.

The central, equestrian statue of Grant with one of the four lions (2017)
U.S. Capitol, Grant Memorial, and Capitol Reflecting Pool
Aerial view
Grant Memorial from the east with the National Mall in the background
Cavalry Charge.
Cavalry Charge.
Cavalry Charge with restored bronze
Detail of Cavalry Charge (possible self-portrait of Henry Shrady).
Artillery.
A section of the memorial during the 2015-2016 restoration
An honor guard from U.S. Customs and Border Protection at the Ulysses S. Grant Memorial on Peace Officers Memorial Day in May 2013.

The Grant Memorial composes the center of a three-part sculptural group including the James A. Garfield Monument to the south and the Peace Monument to the north.

Peace Circle

Traffic circle in Washington, D.C., located at the intersection of Pennsylvania Avenue and First Street NW.

At its center is the Peace Monument, also known as the Naval Memorial.

Franklin Simmons

Prominent American sculptor of the nineteenth century.

Franklin Simmons, sculptor
Bust of William B. Wood. Located in the Reference Department of the Lewiston Public Library.
Equestrian Statue of Major General John A. Logan (1892–1901), Logan Circle, Washington, D.C.
Civil War portrait medallions (1865), Union League of Philadelphia
Peace Monument (marble, 1877), United States Capitol, Washington, D.C.
Soldiers and Sailors Monument (1867–69), Chelsea, Massachusetts
Roger Williams (1872), United States Capitol, Washington, D.C.
Penelope (1873), De Young Museum, San Francisco, California
Roger Williams Monument (1874–77), Providence, Rhode Island
Edward Little Memorial (1875–77), Auburn, Maine
Governor William King (1878), United States Capitol, Washington, D.C.
Senator Oliver P. Morton (1884), Indianapolis, Indiana
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (1887), Portland, Maine
Soldiers' Monument (1888–91), Portland, Maine
Ulysses S. Grant (1899), United States Capitol, Washington, D.C.
Vice President Charles W. Fairbanks (1905), United States Capitol, Washington, D.C.
Alexander Hamilton (1905–06), Paterson, New Jersey
Governor Francis Harrison Pierpont (1910), United States Capitol, Washington, D.C.
Civil War Memorial in Lewiston, Maine

Peace Monument (formerly Naval Monument) (marble, 1877), United States Capitol Grounds, Washington, D.C., Edward Clark, architect. The figures atop the monument are titled "Grief and History."

United States Navy Memorial

Memorial in Washington, D.C. honoring those who have served or are currently serving in the Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, and the Merchant Marine.

The Navy Memorial in 2010
The Lone Sailor statue.
At the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific, the memorial contains a small chapel and tribute to the various battles fought in the Pacific.

Peace Monument (Naval Monument)

Outdoor sculpture in Washington, D.C.

There are many outdoor sculptures in Washington, D.C. In addition to the capital's most famous monuments and memorials, many figures recognized as national heroes (either in government or military) have been posthumously awarded with his or her own statue in a park or public square.

The bronze statue of George Henry Thomas is considered one of the finest equestrian monuments in Washington, D.C.
Fountain in Dupont Circle

Peace Monument in Peace Circle on the Capitol Grounds, at Pennsylvania Avenue and 1st Street NW

Pennsylvania Avenue National Historic Site

National Historic Site in the city of Washington, D.C. Established on September 30, 1965, the site is roughly bounded by Constitution Avenue, 15th Street NW, F Street NW, and 3rd Street NW.

Pennsylvania Avenue and 7th Street in 1839. The First Unitarian Church (situated on the northeast corner of 6th Street and Pennsylvania Avenue) can be seen in the background.
Watercolor of Pennsylvania Avenue at 6th Street in 1860. The unfinished U.S. Capitol building can be seen in the distance; the National Hotel is to the left.
Horsecars on Pennsylvania Avenue
C Street NW near 13th Street NW in 1912: Known from the mid-1800s to the 1920s as "Murder Bay," this area was home to numerous brothels.
Looking south down 12th Street NW in 1911 at the Post Office Building, built to spur economic development in the area.
District Building (1908-1910)
Federal Triangle area facing east in 1923. Pennsylvania Avenue is in the left, the District Building is in the foreground and the Post Office Building and Center Market are in the background.
Aerial view of Pennsylvania Avenue NW facing east in 2007. Visible landmarks include the Old Post Office Pavilion (bottom center, with tower), the J. Edgar Hoover Building (center left, tan building), the National Gallery of Art (center rearground), and Market Square (middle left, with semicircular plaza).
The J. Edgar Hoover Building, headquarters of the FBI.
Market Square, one of the first developments approved in the redevelopment of Pennsylvania Avenue.
Freedom Plaza, looking northwest from the Old Post Office Pavilion in 2005. The plaza's inlaid stone depicts parts of Pierre (Peter) Charles L'Enfant's plan for the City of Washington, showing the present sites of the Federal Triangle, the United States Capitol, the White House and part of the National Mall, as well as the plan's legends.
The Grand Review of the armies of the United States of America in May 1865.
Members of the National American Woman Suffrage Association march down Pennsylvania Avenue on March 3, 1913.
Ku Klux Klan parade on Pennsylvania Avenue on September 13, 1926

The historic district includes a number of culturally, aesthetically, and historically significant structures and places, including Pennsylvania Avenue NW from the White House to the United States Capitol, the Treasury Building, Freedom Plaza, Federal Triangle, Ford's Theatre, the Old Patent Office Building, the Old Pension Office Building (which now houses the National Building Museum), Judiciary Square, and the Peace Monument.

National Mall

Landscaped park within the National Mall and Memorial Parks, an official unit of the United States National Park System.

The National Mall in March 2010, facing east from above the Potomac River
National Mall proper and adjacent areas (April 2002). The Mall had a grassy lawn flanked on each side by unpaved paths and rows of American elm trees as its central feature. (Numbers in the image correspond to numbers in the list of landmarks, museums and other features below.)
Andrew Downing Jackson Urn in May 2012
June 2004 view from the United States Capitol, facing west across the National Mall towards the Washington Monument
Facing east on the National Mall, as viewed near the 1300 block of Jefferson Drive, S.W. in April 2010. Rows of American elm trees line the sides of a path traversing the length of the Mall.
West side of the U.S. Capitol building (September 2013)
The Lincoln Memorial Reflecting Pool in July 2005, facing east towards the Washington Monument
The view of the Lincoln Memorial from the Reflecting Pool in April 2007.
National World War II Memorial (July 2017)
The west side of the Jefferson Pier in April 2011, with the Washington Monument in the background.
Rows of young American elm trees on the National Mall, looking east from the top of the Washington Monument circa 1942
This view from the top of the Washington Monument shows rows of elm trees lining the Reflecting Pool (November 2014).
Portrait of the Mall and vicinity looking northwest from southeast of the U.S. Capitol circa 1846-1855, showing stables in the foreground, the Washington City Canal behind them, the Capitol on the right and the Smithsonian "Castle", the Washington Monument and the Potomac River in the distant left.
The Lockkeeper's House in 2018, looking northwest
Route of the Washington City Canal, showing the Mall (1851)
The Smithsonian Institution Building ("The Castle") in February 2007, looking north from the Enid A. Haupt Garden
The National Mall was the centerpiece of the 1902 McMillan Plan. A central open vista traversed the length of the Mall.
Eastward view of the National Mall from the top of the Washington Monument in 1918. The three structures and two chimneys crossing the Mall are temporary World War I buildings A, B and C and parts of their central power plant.
Westward view from the top of the Washington Monument in 1943 or 1944 during World War II. In the foreground, temporary buildings on the Washington Monument grounds house the Navy's Bureau of Ships. The Main Navy and Munitions Buildings stand to the right of the Lincoln Memorial Reflecting Pool. Temporary buildings to the left of the Reflecting Pool house the Navy's Bureau of Supplies and Accounts.
Uncle Beazley on the National Mall between 1980 and 1994
National Park Service map showing the National Mall's designated reserve area referenced in the 2003 Commemorative Works Clarification and Revision Act
Barricade blocking walkway adjacent to the Lincoln Memorial Reflecting Pool during the 2013 federal government shutdown, looking east toward the Washington Monument undergoing repair
Aerial view of the Mall facing west between 1980 and 1999
Looking east from the top of the Washington Monument towards the National Mall and the United States Capitol in December 1999
2007 aerial view of Capitol Hill and the National Mall, facing west
Inlay of L'Enfant Plan in Freedom Plaza, looking northwest in June 2005 from the observation deck in the Old Post Office Building Clock Tower
John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts (June 2010)
National Christmas Tree (November 28, 2018)
A Christmas tree in front of the Capitol in December of 2013.
Tidal Basin and Jefferson Memorial at dusk, facing south in October 2011.
L'Enfant Promenade (August 2013)
1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom on the National Mall facing east from the Lincoln Memorial
The first inauguration of Barack Obama on January 20, 2009, facing west from the Capitol
Independence Day fireworks display between the Washington Monument and the Lincoln Memorial, July 4, 1986
The April 9, 1939, concert by Marian Anderson, facing east from the Lincoln Memorial
Britney Spears performs during the "NFL Kickoff Live from the National Mall Presented by Pepsi Vanilla" concert, September 4, 2003
The Concert for Valor on the National Mall on November 11, 2014, looking west from the United States Capitol grounds
The Smithsonian station on the Washington Metro in 2005
1863 photograph of the National Mall and vicinity during the Civil War, looking west towards the U.S. Botanical Garden, Washington City Canal, Gas Works, railroad tracks, Washington Armory, and Armory Square Hospital buildings. The Smithsonian Institution Building, the uncompleted Washington Monument (behind the Smithsonian's building), and the Potomac River are in the background.
The Victorian landscaping and architecture of the Mall looking east from the top of the Washington Monument, showing the influence of the Downing Plan and Adolph Cluss on the National Mall circa 1904. The Department of Agriculture Building, and above it, "The Castle", are in the foreground. A railroad route leading to a shed attached to the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad station (not visible) crosses the Mall behind the Arts and Industry Building, the Army Medical Center, and the Armory.
View looking north of the National Mall with the Treasury Building in the background in April 1865.
View the National Mall with its livestock and the Treasury Building in the background in April 1865.
Looking east from the top of the Washington Monument towards the United States Capitol in the summer of 1901. The Mall exhibited the Victorian-era landscape of winding paths and random plantings that Andrew Jackson Downing designed in the 1850s
The Armory as a hospital during the Civil War
Department of Agriculture Building (circa 1895)
<center>Center Market circa 1875, looking northwest from The Mall</center>
Center Market between 1910 and 1930, looking southwest from 7th Street NW (at left)
Arts and Industries Building, looking southwest (March 2017)
Baltimore and Potomac Railroad station, looking southwest from 6th Street NW (at bottom and left)
Army Medical Museum and Library, looking northeast from Independence Avenue SW
Lincoln Memorial Reflecting Pool before reconstruction (April 2010)
Lincoln Memorial Reflecting Pool undergoing reconstruction (June 2011)
Lincoln Memorial Reflecting Pool undergoing reconstruction (December 2011)
Lincoln Memorial Reflecting Pool after reconstruction (May 2016)
Axis of National Mall before restoration (July 2012)
Axis of National Mall undergoing restoration (April 2015)
Axis of National Mall undergoing restoration (October 2015)
Axis of National Mall after restoration (September 2016)
Aerial view of National Mall, Looking South

Peace Monument (1878) (in traffic circle northeast of no. 8 in image)

Carrara marble

Type of white or blue-grey marble popular for use in sculpture and building decor.

View of Carrara; the white on the mountains behind is quarried faces of marble.
Sample sheets, 2016
A Carrara marble quarry
Michelangelo's Pietà,  St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City.
Replica of the Robba Fountain at Town Square, Ljubljana. The sculptural part of the fountain is made of Carrara marble, the obelisk of local Lesno Brdo limestone, and the pool of local Podpeč limestone.
Jadwiga of Poland's sarcophagus by Antoni Madeyski in Wawel Cathedral, Cracow.
Héros de Lumiere, by Igor Mitoraj. As of 2004 displayed at the Yorkshire Sculpture Park.
Interior of the Main Prayer Hall in Sheikh Zayed Mosque, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.
Parisian chimneypiece, circa 1775–1785, Carrara marble with gilt bronze, height: 111.4 cm, width: 169.5 cm, depth: 41.9 cm
The Cloak of Conscience, Piétà or Commendatore, by Anna Chromý located in Cathedral in Salzburg, Austria, Stavovske divadlo in Prague, National Archeological Museum in Athens and elsewhere.
Tomb of Pedro II of Brazil, by Jean Magrou (gisant) and Hildegardo Leão Veloso (reliefs), at the Cathedral of São Pedro de Alcântara, Petrópolis, Brazil.
The George Washington statue on display at the National Museum of American History.
The Hill of Hope monument in Onomichi, Hiroshima is landscaped with five thousand square metres of Carrara marble.
alt=Carrara Marble Staircase, Glasgow City Chambers|Staircase, Glasgow City Chambers
thumb|upright|Birmingham's King Edward VII Memorial was carved from a large piece of Carrara marble.
thumb|upright|Adelaide's first street statue, Venere di Canova, a copy of Venus Italica, was carved from Carrara marble.

Peace Monument, Washington, DC, US