Peace treaty

peace agreementpeace treatiespeacepeace accordtreatyconclude peacepeace accordspeace talksterms of peacetreaties
A peace treaty is an agreement between two or more hostile parties, usually countries or governments, which formally ends a state of war between the parties.wikipedia
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Ceasefire

trucecease-firecease fire
It is different from an armistice, which is an agreement to stop hostilities; a surrender, in which an army agrees to give up arms; or a ceasefire or truce, in which the parties may agree to temporarily or permanently stop fighting. In modern history, certain intractable conflict situations may be brought to a ceasefire before they are dealt with via a peace process in which a number of discrete steps are taken on each side to reach the mutually-desired eventual goal of peace and the signing of a treaty.
However, successful ceasefires may be followed by armistices and then by peace treaties.

Armistice

armistice agreementpeace protocoltruce
It is different from an armistice, which is an agreement to stop hostilities; a surrender, in which an army agrees to give up arms; or a ceasefire or truce, in which the parties may agree to temporarily or permanently stop fighting.
An armistice is a modus vivendi and is not the same as a peace treaty, which may take months or even years to agree on.

Conflict resolution

reconciliationpeace processresolution
In modern history, certain intractable conflict situations may be brought to a ceasefire before they are dealt with via a peace process in which a number of discrete steps are taken on each side to reach the mutually-desired eventual goal of peace and the signing of a treaty.
Wars can conclude with a peace agreement, which is a "formal agreement... which addresses the disputed incompatibility, either by settling all or part of it, or by clearly outlining a process for how [...] to regulate the incompatibility."

Treaty

treatiesinternational treatyinternational treaties
A peace treaty is an agreement between two or more hostile parties, usually countries or governments, which formally ends a state of war between the parties.
A treaty typically begins with a preamble describing the "High Contracting Parties" and their shared objectives in executing the treaty, as well as summarizing any underlying events (such as the aftermath of a war in the case of a peace treaty).

Treaty of Versailles

Versailles TreatyVersaillesVersailles Peace Treaty
Famous examples include the Treaty of Paris (1815), signed after Napoleon's defeat at the Battle of Waterloo, and the Treaty of Versailles, formally ending the First World War between Germany and the Allies.
The Treaty of Versailles (Traité de Versailles) was the most important of the peace treaties that brought World War I to an end.

Ramesses II

Ramses IIRameses IIRamesses the Great
The lack of resolution led to further conflict between Egypt and the Hittites, with Ramesses II capturing the city of Kadesh and Amurru in his 8th year as king.
The ensuing document is the earliest known peace treaty in world history.

Peace of Westphalia

Treaty of WestphaliaTreaty of Münster1648
Another famous example would be the series of peace treaties known as the Peace of Westphalia.
The Peace of Westphalia (Westfälischer Friede) was a series of peace treaties signed between May and October 1648 in the Westphalian cities of Osnabrück and Münster, largely ending the European wars of religion, including the Thirty Years' War.

Paris Peace Accords

Paris Peace TalksParis Peace AccordParis Peace Conference
A more recent example of a peace treaty is the 1973 Paris Peace Accords that sought to end the Vietnam War.
The Paris Peace Accords, (Hiệp định Paris về Việt Nam) officially titled the Agreement on Ending the War and Restoring Peace in Viet Nam (Hiệp định về chấm dứt chiến tranh, lập lại hòa bình ở Việt Nam), was a peace treaty signed on January 27, 1973, to establish peace in Vietnam and end the Vietnam War.

List of ancient treaties

earliest peace treaties
The following is a list of ancient peace treaties:

Peace

peacetimepacificationpeaceful
Throughout history leaders have used peacemaking and diplomacy to establish a certain type of behavioral restraint that has resulted in the establishment of regional peace or economic growth through various forms of agreements or peace treaties.

1270s BC

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More famously, one of the earliest recorded peace treaties was concluded between the Hittite and the Egyptian Empires after the ca.1274 BC Battle of Kadesh (see Egyptian-Hittite peace treaty).

Peace Treaty on Korean Peninsula

a peace treatyfinal settlementpeace treaty
During the inter-Korean summit on April 27, 2018, Kim Jong-un and Moon Jae-in signed the Panmunjom Declaration; the declaration involved an agreement about mutual efforts and action items for transforming the armistice agreement into a peace treaty with the cooperation of the United States and China.

Korean Armistice Agreement

armisticeArmistice AgreementKorean Armistice
The Korean War is an example of a conflict that was ended by an armistice, rather than a peace treaty with the Korean Armistice Agreement.
No formal peace treaty was signed and normalized relations were not restored.

Jus gentium

ius gentiumlaw of nationsby custom
While the terms of peace treaties might be said to fall broadly within the ius gentium, there was no framework of international law per se with which a treaty had to conform.

History of the world

modern historymodern erahuman history
In modern history, certain intractable conflict situations may be brought to a ceasefire before they are dealt with via a peace process in which a number of discrete steps are taken on each side to reach the mutually-desired eventual goal of peace and the signing of a treaty.

Secession

secedesecededsecessionist
A peace treaty also is often not used to end a civil war, especially in cases of a failed secession, as it implies mutual recognition of statehood.

American Civil War

Civil WarU.S. Civil WarUnited States Civil War
In cases such as the American Civil War, it usually ends when the losing side's army surrenders and its government collapses.

Declaration of independence

declaringdeclared independencedeclarations of independence
By contrast, a successful secession or declaration of independence is often formalized by means of a peace treaty.

Neutral country

neutralityneutralarmed neutrality
Treaties are often ratified in territories deemed neutral in the previous conflict and delegates from the neutral countries acting as witnesses to the signatories.

Witness

eyewitnesswitnesseseyewitnesses
Treaties are often ratified in territories deemed neutral in the previous conflict and delegates from the neutral countries acting as witnesses to the signatories.

Signature

signatorysignature holesignatures
Treaties are often ratified in territories deemed neutral in the previous conflict and delegates from the neutral countries acting as witnesses to the signatories.

Border

Refugee

refugeesrefugee statusasylum
There are articles pertaining to the forced repatriation of refugees and provisions that they should not be harmed, which might be thought of as the first extradition treaty.