Pedro de Valdivia

Pedro de '''ValdiviaPedro ValdiviaValdivia
Pedro Gutiérrez de Valdivia or Valdiva (April 17, 1497 – December 25, 1553 ) was a Spanish conquistador and the first royal governor of Chile.wikipedia
213 Related Articles

Conquistador

conquistadorsconquistadoresSpanish conquistadors
Pedro Gutiérrez de Valdivia or Valdiva (April 17, 1497 – December 25, 1553 ) was a Spanish conquistador and the first royal governor of Chile.
Gasca convinced Pedro de Valdivia, explorer of Chile, Alonso de Alvarado another searcher for El Dorado, and others that if he were unsuccessful, a royal fleet of 40 ships and 15,000 men was preparing to sail from Seville in June.

Chile

🇨🇱ChileanRepublic of Chile
Pedro Gutiérrez de Valdivia or Valdiva (April 17, 1497 – December 25, 1553 ) was a Spanish conquistador and the first royal governor of Chile.
The conquest of Chile began in earnest in 1540 and was carried out by Pedro de Valdivia, one of Francisco Pizarro's lieutenants, who founded the city of Santiago on 12 February 1541.

Santiago

Santiago de ChileSantiago, ChileGreater Santiago
In 1540 he led an expedition of 150 Spaniards into Chile, where he defeated a large force of indigenous natives and founded Santiago in 1541.
Having been sent by Francisco Pizarro from Peru and having made the long journey from Cuzco, Extremadura conquistador Pedro de Valdivia reached the valley of the Mapocho on 13 December 1540.

Concepción, Chile

ConcepciónConcepcion Concepción
He began to conquer Chile south of the Biobío and founded Concepción in 1550. Realizing that it would be impossible to proceed in such hostile territory with so limited a force, Valdivia wisely elected to return to Santiago shortly thereafter, after finding a site for a new city at what is now Penco and would become the first site of Concepción. In spite of the fierce resistance at the Battle of Penco, he founded Concepción in 1550.
Concepción was founded by Pedro de Valdivia in 1550 north of the Bío Bío River, at the site which is today known as Penco.

Marina Ortiz de Gaete

Valdivia had married Marina Ortíz de Gaete in Spain, but in Peru he became attached to the widow Inés de Suárez, who was to accompany him to Chile as his mistress.
Marina Ortiz de Gaete González (c. 1509 – April 1592) was the wife of Pedro de Valdivia, and played an important role in the politics of the conquest and early history of the Kingdom of Chile.

Mapuche

AraucanianMapuche peopleAraucano
He was captured and killed in a campaign against the Mapuche. However, the party was attacked by Mapuche warriors at the Battle of Quilacura.
In 1541 Pedro de Valdivia reached Chile from Cuzco and founded Santiago.

Inés Suárez

Inés de Suarez
Valdivia had married Marina Ortíz de Gaete in Spain, but in Peru he became attached to the widow Inés de Suárez, who was to accompany him to Chile as his mistress.
Inés Suárez, (c. 1507–1580) was a Spanish conquistadora who participated in the Conquest of Chile with Pedro de Valdivia, successfully defending the conquered Santiago against an attack in 1541 by the Mapuche, Chile's indigenous people whose generations have shown the existence of their culture in Chile and Argentina as early as 600 to 500 BC.

Extremadura

Autonomous Community of ExtremaduraEstremaduraExtramadura
(some say Castuera) in Extremadura, Spain around 1500 (some sources put his date of birth as early as 1497 or as late as 1505) to an impoverished hidalgo family.
Hernán Cortés, Francisco Pizarro, Gonzalo Pizarro, Juan Pizarro, Hernando Pizarro, Hernando de Soto, Andres Tapia, Pedro de Alvarado, Pedro de Valdivia, Inés Suárez, Alonso de Sotomayor, Francisco de Orellana, Pedro Gómez Duran y Chaves, and Vasco Núñez de Balboa and many towns and cities in North and South America carry names from their homeland.

Villanueva de la Serena

ValdiviaVillanueva
Pedro de Valdivia is believed to have been born in Villanueva de la Serena
It was the birthplace of Pedro de Valdivia who conquered Chile for the Spanish crown.

Valdivia

Santa María la Blanca de ValdiviaGeology of ValdiviaValdivia City
The city of Valdivia in Chile is named after him. Later he founded the more southern villages of La Imperial, Valdivia, Angol and Villarrica, in 1551 and 1552.
The city is named after its founder Pedro de Valdivia and is located at the confluence of the Calle-Calle, Valdivia, and Cau-Cau Rivers, approximately 15 km east of the coastal towns of Corral and Niebla.

La Serena, Chile

La SerenaSerenaCiudad de San Bartolomé de la Serena
This expedition founded La Serena halfway between Santiago and the northern Atacama Desert, in the valley of Coquimbo.
La Serena was first founded on the orders of Spanish Pedro de Valdivia in order to provide a sea link to maintain permanent contact between Santiago and Lima in the Viceroyalty of Peru.

Battle of Pavia

Paviadefeated and captured Francis at Pavia2nd Battle of Pavia
In 1520 he joined the Spanish army of Charles I and fought in Flanders in 1521 and Italy between 1522 and 1525, participating in the battle of Pavia as part of the troops of the Marquis of Pescara.
There are allegations that Francis would have been killed by mistake by one of Charles soldiers had Pedro de Valdivia —the future conqueror of Chile— not intervened.

Royal Governor of Chile

Governorgovernor of ChileRoyal Governor
As recognition for his services Valdivia was finally appointed as adelantado and won the royal assent to his coveted title of Governor of Chile, returning to the settlement with his position and prestige considerably strengthened.

Penco

ConcepcionConcepciónold Concepcion
Realizing that it would be impossible to proceed in such hostile territory with so limited a force, Valdivia wisely elected to return to Santiago shortly thereafter, after finding a site for a new city at what is now Penco and would become the first site of Concepción.
Founded as the city of Concepción del Nuevo Extremo ('beginning of the new extreme') on February 12, 1550 by Pedro de Valdivia, it is the third oldest city in Chile, after capital Santiago founded first in 1541 and La Serena second in 1544.

La Imperial, Chile

La Imperial
Later he founded the more southern villages of La Imperial, Valdivia, Angol and Villarrica, in 1551 and 1552.
La Imperial or Ciudad Imperial was a city founded by Pedro de Valdivia on 16 April 1552 and named in honor of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, then (also) king of Spain.

Rodrigo de Quiroga

Rodrigo of Quiroga
He was also ordered to marry Ines off, which he did, upon his return to Chile in 1549, to one of his captains, Rodrigo de Quiroga.
This group met up with Pedro de Valdivia in Atacama.

Pedro Sánchez de la Hoz

Pedro SanchoPedro Sancho de la Hoz
Furthermore, while he was preparing the expedition, Pedro Sánchez de la Hoz arrived from Spain with a royal grant for the same country.
After some financial success, he returned to Spain and was granted leave by Emperor Charles V to return to the New World where he conflicted with rival conquistador Pedro de Valdivia over different grants to lands south of Peru.

Francisco de Villagra

Francisco
To secure additional aid and confirm his claims to the conquered territory, Valdivia returned in 1547 to Peru, leaving Francisco de Villagra as governor in his stead.
He traveled to Chile with Pedro de Valdivia and participated in the conquest of Chile.

Battle of Quilacura

However, the party was attacked by Mapuche warriors at the Battle of Quilacura.
Battle of Quilacura was a battle in the Arauco War, fought at night, four leagues from the Bio-Bio River, between the Spanish expedition of Pedro de Valdivia and a force of Mapuche warriors led by Malloquete on February 11, 1546.

Battle of Penco

In spite of the fierce resistance at the Battle of Penco, he founded Concepción in 1550.
The Battle of Penco, on March 12, 1550 was a battle between 60,000 Mapuche under the command of their toqui Ainavillo with his Araucan and Tucapel allies and Pedro de Valdivia's 200 Spaniards on horse and afoot with a large number of yanakuna including 300 Mapochoes auxiliaries under their leader Michimalonco defending their newly raised fort at Penco.

Lautaro

Valdivia had earlier captured and presumably made friends with Lautaro, an Araucanian youth who became his groom.
Lautaro begun his career as a captive of Pedro de Valdivia but escaped in 1551.

Battle of Tucapel

Valdivia's death
He was ambushed before arriving to his destination and the Battle of Tucapel would be Valdivia's last.
The Battle of Tucapel (also known as the Disaster of Tucapel) is the name given to a battle fought between Spanish conquistador forces led by Pedro de Valdivia and Mapuche (Araucanian) Indians under Lautaro that took place at Tucapel, Chile on December 25, 1553.

Juan Bautista Pastene

Giovanni Battista Pastene
In 1544 Valdivia sent a naval expedition consisting of the barks San Pedro and Santiaguillo, under the command of Juan Bautista Pastene, to reconnoiter the southwestern coast of South America, ordering him to reach the Strait of Magellan.
In 1544 Pedro de Valdivia entrusted exploring the coasts of the south to Pastene, ordering him to reach the Strait of Magellan.

Diego de Almagro

AlmagroAlmagristasDiego Almagro the Younger
There he took part on the side of Hernando Pizarro in his struggle against Diego de Almagro and fought in the battle of Las Salinas in 1538, which saw Almagro defeated and captured.
Pedro de Valdivia, Alonso de Ojeda

Angol

San Andrés de Los InfantesLos InfantesLos Confines
Later he founded the more southern villages of La Imperial, Valdivia, Angol and Villarrica, in 1551 and 1552.
Modern Angol was first founded in 1553 as the conquistador fort of Los Confines by Pedro de Valdivia, the fort was later that year abandoned and destroyed by the Mapuche after the Battle of Tucapel.