derogatoryslurderogatory termterm of disparagementpejorativelypejorative termslursterm of abusederisivepejoratives
A pejorative (also called a derogatory term, a slur, a term of disparagement) is a word or grammatical form expressing a negative connotation or a low opinion of someone or something, showing a lack of respect for someone or something.wikipedia
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It may also be called amelioration, reclaiming, or semantic change.
A reclaimed or reappropriated word is a word that was at one time pejorative but has been brought back into acceptable usage, usually starting within its original target, i.e. the communities that were pejoratively described by that word, and later spreading to the general populace as well.


Sometimes a term may begin as a pejorative word and eventually be adopted in an approbative sense.


backhanded complimentinsultsinsulting
An insult may be factual, but at the same time pejorative, such as the word "inbred".

List of ethnic slurs

ethnic slurracial slurracial slurs
The following is a list of ethnic slurs (ethnophaulisms) that are, or have been, used as insinuations or allegations about members of a given ethnicity, or to refer to them in a derogatory (that is, critical or disrespectful), pejorative (disapproving or contemptuous), or otherwise insulting manner.


It can show a debasement of someone or something, or be considered as an expression of strong feeling towards something.

Judgmental language

It employs insulting, compromising or pejorative language to influence the recipient's judgment.



Graphic pejoratives in written Chinese

graphic pejorativeoffensive connotationchanging the meanings


It is also used to express criticism, hostility, or disregard.


It is also used to express criticism, hostility, or disregard.


disregardignoreIgnoring (disambiguation)
It is also used to express criticism, hostility, or disregard.


sexual innuendosexual innuendosinsinuation
Name slurs can also involve an insulting or disparaging innuendo, rather than being a direct pejorative.

Late Latin

Low LatinLatinancient Latin
The word pejorative is derived from a Late Latin past participle stem of peiorare, meaning "to make worse", from peior "worse".

Historical linguistics

diachronichistorical linguistshistorical linguist
When a term begins as pejorative and eventually is adopted in a non-pejorative sense, this is called "melioration" in historical linguistics.

Semantic change

semantic shiftsemantic driftpejoration
It may also be called amelioration, reclaiming, or semantic change.

Punk subculture

punkpunkspunk scene
Some examples of melioration are "punk", "dude" and "nerd".


Some examples of melioration are "punk", "dude" and "nerd".


nerdynerd culturecomputer nerd
Some examples of melioration are "punk", "dude" and "nerd".

Political correctness

politically incorrectpolitically correctPC
In public discourse and the media, the term is generally used as a pejorative with an implication that these policies are excessive or unwarranted.

List of military brats

While "brat" is considered a derogatory term, military brat is still used as a term of endearment by military members within the military culture.

Sheng nu

around thirty and still singleLeftover Womanleftover women
Sheng nu (undefined; common translation: "leftover women" or "leftover ladies") is a derogatory term popularized by the All-China Women's Federation that classifies women who remain unmarried in their late twenties and beyond.

Self-hating Jew

Jewish self-hatredSelf hating Jewself-hating
Self-hating Jew or self-loathing Jew (also Auto-Antisemitism) is a pejorative term used for a Jew who is alleged to hold antisemitic views.


Fop became a pejorative term for a foolish man excessively concerned with his appearance and clothes in 17th-century England.

Ching chong

against Asian students using mobile phones in the UCLA libraryching" and "chongChing, chang, chong
Ching chong and ching chang chong are pejorative terms sometimes employed by speakers of English to mock or play on the Chinese language, people of Chinese ancestry, or other East Asians or Southeast Asians perceived to be Chinese.