A report on Peking University

Seal of Peking University
The plaque of the Imperial University of Peking.
Portrait of the Guangxu Emperor
The faculty of Peking University Institute for Chinese Classics in 1924
Statue of Cai Yuanpei on Peking University's campus
Peking University students protesting the Treaty of Versailles in the May Fourth Movement.
Peking University's West Gate, one of the symbols of the university campus
View of the central campus
One of the administrative buildings with the huabiao
A performance of Kunqu at Peking University
Peking University HSBC Business School at its Shenzhen campus.
The Langrun Garden, located in the north-eastern area of the university, is the home of the Beijing International MBA at Peking University
Peking University during winter. The campus is situated on a former imperial garden.
Peking University during the autumn.
The College of Architecture and Landscape
Boya Pagoda
The Humanities Buildings
A stone bridge inside the campus
Peking University West Gate
Peking University's Main Library
Weiming Lake occupies the central part of the campus of Peking University
Students skiing over the Weiming Lake before the 2022 Winter Olympics in Beijing
Peking University's Science Teaching Building
School of International Studies
College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering
Peking University during the spring. Flowers are blooming everywhere.
School of Archaeology and Museology
Arthur M. Sackler Museum of Arts and Archaeology
Department of History
School of Life Sciences
Beijing International Center for Mathematical Research
Department of Chinese Language and Literature
Gu Hongming, translator and educator.
Lu Xun, leading figure of modern Chinese literature.
Hu Shih, influential Chinese philosopher and essayist.
Lin Yutang, Chinese writer, linguist, inventor, and translator.
Liang Shuming, philosopher.
Nuclear physicist and key contributor to the Chinese nuclear weapon program Deng Jiaxian.
Fei Xiaotong, sociologist and anthropologist.
Nuclear physicist and leading organizer of the Chinese nuclear weapon program, Qian Sanqiang.
Current Premier of China, Li Keqiang (LLB, PhD)
Nobel laureate Tu Youyou, pharmaceutical chemist and educator, recipient of the 2015 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
Co-founder and CEO of Baidu, billionaire Robin Li (BSc, Information Management, 1991)
Chess grandmaster and four-time Women's World Chess Champion, Hou Yifan (BA, International Relations, 2018)
Mathematician and MacArthur Fellow Yitang Zhang (BA 1982, MA 1984)
Chess grandmaster and highest rated Chinese chess player in history, Ding Liren (BA, Law)
Taikonaut and first Chinese woman to perform a spacewalk Wang Yaping (PhD candidate, Psychology)

Public research university in Beijing, China.

- Peking University
Seal of Peking University

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Seal of Tsinghua University

Tsinghua University

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National public research university in Beijing, China.

National public research university in Beijing, China.

Seal of Tsinghua University
Seal of Tsinghua University
The inscription at the entrance of Tsinghua Garden. The garden is among the oldest components of the campus of Tsinghua University
A glimpse of Xichun Garden, a Qing Dynasty garden on Tsinghua University campus
The traditional He Tang Yue Se (moonlit pond) is part of the Qing Dynasty Prince's Residence and Garden located on the grounds of Tsinghua University
Built in 1917, the Grand Auditorium with its Jeffersonian architectural design is a centerpiece of the old campus
A footpath in the university
Old Building of the School of Life Sciences
The Tsinghua Bell
The Law Library at the Tsinghua University, a branch library of the Tsinghua University Library system
The Old Gate is a symbol of Tsinghua University
The Mechanical Engineering Hall
A main building that was built in the 1950s
Entrance to "工 Shape Hall", the former Qing Prince's Mansion and the current office of the president
Sculptural artworks on the campus
Tsinghua campus scenery
A teaching and protected heritage building (the former Tsinghua College)
The Old Library building of the Tsinghua University Library
A Qing Dynasty Jinchun Garden on Tsinghua University Campus
A pathway in the campus
Zeng Xianzi Building
The old Science Building
A building from the old student dormitory
The Shengyinyuan, built in 1946, contains numerous residential houses for the faculty
Hydraulic Experiment Hall
The old Electrical Engineering Hall
The old Chemistry Hall
Old building of the School of Life Sciences, the Tsinghua Biology Hall

In 1937, Tsinghua University, along with Peking University and Nankai University, merged to form the Changsha Temporary University in Changsha, which later became the National Southwestern Associated University in Kunming, Yunnan province.

New Youth Magazine Cover

New Culture Movement

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Movement in China in the 1910s and 1920s that criticized classical Chinese ideas and promoted a new Chinese culture based upon progressive, modern and western ideals like democracy and science.

Movement in China in the 1910s and 1920s that criticized classical Chinese ideas and promoted a new Chinese culture based upon progressive, modern and western ideals like democracy and science.

New Youth Magazine Cover

Two major centers of literature and intellectual activity were Beijing, home to Peking University and Tsinghua University, and Shanghai, with its flourishing publishing sector.

Chen Duxiu

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Chinese revolutionary socialist, educator, philosopher and author, who co-founded the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) with Li Dazhao in 1921.

Chinese revolutionary socialist, educator, philosopher and author, who co-founded the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) with Li Dazhao in 1921.

Front cover of Constitution of the Chinese Communist Party
Chen during his arrest in 1921

Chen joined the faculty of Peking University in the January 1917 as the university's dean, at the invitation of Cai Yuanpei, who also paid for moving Chen's journal to Beijing.

The Tianning Pagoda, built around 1120 during the Liao dynasty.

Beijing

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Capital of the People's Republic of China.

Capital of the People's Republic of China.

The Tianning Pagoda, built around 1120 during the Liao dynasty.
One of the corner towers of the Forbidden City, built by the Yongle Emperor during the early Ming dynasty
Overlapping layout of Beijing during the Liao, Jin, Yuan and Ming dynasties
Summer Palace is one of the several palatial gardens built by Qing emperors in the northwest suburb area.
Chongwenmen, a gate to the inner walled city, c. 1906
A large portrait of Chiang Kai-shek was displayed above Tiananmen after WWII.
Mao Zedong proclaiming the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949
A scene from the opening ceremonies of the 2008 Summer Olympic Games.
Landsat 7 Satellite image of Beijing Municipality with the surrounding mountains in dark brown
1940s Nationalist Beijing with predominantly traditional architecture
The sign of Doujiao Hutong, one of the many traditional alleyways in the inner city
Beijing average annual temperatures from 1970 to 2019 during summer (June, July, and August) and winter (December, January, and February). Weather station data from ftp.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/noaa/. For comparison the Global Surface Temperature Anomaly rose by approximately one degree over the same time period.
Heavy air pollution has resulted in widespread smog. These photographs, taken in August 2005, show the variations in Beijing's air quality.
Houhai Lake and Drum Tower at Shichahai, in the Xicheng District
Xidan is one of the oldest and busiest shopping areas in Beijing.
Beijing products treemap, 2020
The Taikoo Li Sanlitun shopping arcade is a destination for locals and visitors.
The skyline of Beijing CBD
Zhongguancun is a technology hub in Haidian District
The Beijing Ancient Observatory
Qianmen Avenue, a traditional commercial street outside Qianmen Gate along the southern Central Axis
Inside the Forbidden City
Beijing Acrobatic Performance (10553642935)
A Temple of the Goddess in Gubeikou
Fire God Temple in Di'anmen
The tomb pagodas at Tanzhe Temple
Yonghe Temple of Tibetan Buddhism
Niujie Mosque
Church of the Saviour, also known as the Xishiku Church, built in 1703
The China Central Television Headquarters building in CBD
Fireworks above Olympic venues during the opening ceremony of the 2008 Summer Olympics
Tai chi (Taijiquan) practitioners at the Fragrant Hills Park
Beijing Workers' Stadium at night as viewed from Sanlitun
Beijing railway station, one of several rail stations in the city
Badaling Expressway overpass near the Great Wall
Typical Beijing traffic signage found at intersections
Traffic jam in the Beijing CBD
Terminal 3 of the Beijing Capital International Airport
Beijing Daxing International Airport
Two Line 1 trains on the Beijing Subway, which is among the longest and busiest rapid transit systems in the world
An articulated Beijing bus
Bicyclists during rush hour at the Chang'an Avenue, 2009
KJ-2000 and J-10s started the flypast formation on the 70th anniversary of the People's Republic of China.

Beijing is home to the two best C9 League universities (Tsinghua and Peking) in the Asia-Pacific and emerging countries.

Mao in 1959

Mao Zedong

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Chinese communist revolutionary who was the founder of the People's Republic of China (PRC), which he led as the chairman of the Chinese Communist Party from the establishment of the PRC in 1949 until his death in 1976.

Chinese communist revolutionary who was the founder of the People's Republic of China (PRC), which he led as the chairman of the Chinese Communist Party from the establishment of the PRC in 1949 until his death in 1976.

Mao in 1959
Mao Zedong's childhood home in Shaoshan, in 2010, by which time it had become a tourist destination
Mao in 1913
Students in Beijing rallying during the May Fourth Movement
Location of the first Congress of the Chinese Communist Party in July 1921, in Xintiandi, former French Concession, Shanghai
Mao Zedong around the time of his work at Guangzhou's PMTI in 1925
Third Plenum of the KMT Central Executive Committee in March 1927. Mao is third from the right in the second row.
Flag of the HistoryChinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army
Mao in 1927
Chinese Communist revolutionaries in the 1920s
Mao in Yan'an
Military parade on the occasion of the founding of a Chinese Soviet Republic in 1931
An overview map of the Long March
Zhang Guotao (left) and Mao Zedong in Yan'an, 1937
In an effort to defeat the Japanese, Mao (left) agreed to collaborate with Chiang (right).
Mao in 1938, writing On Protracted War
Mao with Kang Sheng in Yan'an, 1945
PLA troops, supported by captured M5 Stuart light tanks, attacking the Nationalist lines in 1948
Mao Zedong declares the founding of the modern People's Republic of China on October 1, 1949
Mao with his fourth wife, Jiang Qing, called "Madame Mao", 1946
Mao at Joseph Stalin's 70th birthday celebration in Moscow, December 1949
Mao and Zhou Enlai meeting with Dalai Lama (right) and Panchen Lama (left) to celebrate Tibetan New Year, Beijing, 1955
Photo of Mao Zedong sitting, published in "Quotations from Chairman Mao Tse-Tung", ca. 1955
Mao with Nikita Khrushchev, Ho Chi Minh and Soong Ching-ling during a state dinner in Beijing, 1959
Early in the Great Leap Forward, commune members were encouraged to eat their fill in communal canteens, but many canteens shut down as they ran out of food and fuel.
Mao with Henry Kissinger and Zhou Enlai, Beijing, 1972
U.S. President Gerald Ford watches as Henry Kissinger shakes hands with Mao during their visit to China, December 2, 1975
A public appearance of Chairman Mao and Lin Biao among Red Guards, in Beijing, during the Cultural Revolution (November 1966)
A large portrait of Mao at Tiananmen
Mao Zedong Square at Saoshan
Statue of young Mao in Changsha, the capital of Hunan
In 1978, the classroom of a kindergarten in Shanghai putting up portraits of then- Chairman Hua Guofeng and former Chairman Mao Zedong
Mao greets U.S. President Richard Nixon during his visit to China in 1972.
Statue of Mao in Lijiang
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Mao with Jiang Qing and daughter Li Na in the 1940s
Mao Zedong with his nephew Mao Yuanxin, and daughters Li Min (second from left) and Li Na
Mao and Zhang Yufeng in 1964
Mao's calligraphy: a bronze plaque of a poem by Li Bai. (Chinese: 白帝城毛澤東手書李白詩銅匾 )

He later adopted Marxism–Leninism while working at Peking University as a librarian and became a founding member of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), leading the Autumn Harvest Uprising in 1927.

Hu Shih

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Chinese diplomat, essayist, literary scholar, philosopher, and politician.

Chinese diplomat, essayist, literary scholar, philosopher, and politician.

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Hu Shih (left) and Chiang Kai-shek at Academia Sinica, Taipei, April 1958
Hu Shih's tombstone in the park named after him, near Academia Sinica in Taiwan

He was influential in the May Fourth Movement, one of the leaders of China's New Culture Movement, was a president of Peking University, and in 1939 was nominated for a Nobel Prize in literature.

C9 League

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Alliance of nine universities in China, initiated by the Chinese Central Government to promote the development and reputation of higher education in China in 2009.

Alliance of nine universities in China, initiated by the Chinese Central Government to promote the development and reputation of higher education in China in 2009.

Peking University, Beijing

Cai Yuanpei

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Chinese philosopher and politician who was an influential figure in the history of Chinese modern education.

Chinese philosopher and politician who was an influential figure in the history of Chinese modern education.

Cai's former residence in Shaoxing, Zhejiang.
Cai Yuanpei with Students from Peking University studying abroad
The statue of Cai Yuanpei in the campus of Peking University

He was the president of Peking University, and founder of the Academia Sinica.

Li Dazhao

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Chinese intellectual and revolutionary who participated in the New Cultural Movement in the early years of the Republic of China, established in 1912.

Chinese intellectual and revolutionary who participated in the New Cultural Movement in the early years of the Republic of China, established in 1912.

Statue of Li Dazhao at his tomb

In January 1918, Li was hired by Cai Yuanpei to be the head of the library at Peking University (Beijing University) and a couple of years later he became a professor of politics, history, and economics there.

Zhejiang University

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National public research university based in Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China.

National public research university based in Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China.

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Seal of Hangchow Christian College
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Lin Qi, the founder of Qiushi Academy
Jiang Menglin, the first president of National Chekiang University
The seal of National Chekiang University, with Qiushi Eagle in the centre and Chinese character Zheda (浙大) above the eagle.
Chu Kochen, the president of National Chekiang University during 1936-1949
Scientists working at ZJU during the war
The dead body of Yu Zisan
A statue of Mao Zedong was set up at the Zhejiang University campus on 26 December 1969 as a result of Mao Zedong's cult of personality during the Cultural Revolution, which remains a major landmark at Yuquan Campus
Lu Yongxiang was the president of Zhejiang University during 1988-1995
Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital building
The "Red Building" of Hubin Campus, the only remaining building of the former Zhejiang Medical University campus
Zhejiang University Library at Zijingang campus
Zhoushan campus, the campus for the Ocean College, which came into use in 2015
Haining Campus, ZJU's base for international collaborations, which came into use in 2016
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Zijingang Campus, the main campus of ZJU, which came into use in 2002
Shaw Science Hall at Yuquan Campu, the first donation of Sir Run Run Shaw in mainland China
The Bell Tower of Zhijiang Campus was donated by Shi Liangcai, whose son studied at the campus in the 1930s. The building is now home to the Institute for Advanced Study in Humanities and Social Sciences.
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Chu Kochen is regarded as the greatest president of Zhejiang University, who served the role during 1936-1949
An installation art work of Qiushi eagle for 120th Anniversary of Zhejiang University at Yuquan Campus in 2017
The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine was ranked as tenth best hospital in China by the Institute of Hospital Management, Fudan University.

In the fourth round of China University Subject Rankings by the Ministry of Education released in 2018, ZJU had 31 subjects rated A, the most among Chinese universities, among which 11 subjects were rated A+, the third most after Peking and Tsinghua.