Penang

Pulau PinangPenang, MalaysiaState of PenangPinangPrince of Wales IslandPenang StatePenangite PenangAKepala Batas, Pulau Pinang
Penang is a Malaysian state located on the northwest coast of Peninsular Malaysia, by the Malacca Strait.wikipedia
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George Town, Penang

George TownGeorgetownPenang
It has two parts: Penang Island, where the capital city, George Town, is located, and Seberang Perai (formerly Province Wellesley) on the Malay Peninsula.
George Town, the capital city of the Malaysian state of Penang, is located at the north-eastern tip of Penang Island.

Perak

GopengPerak Darul RidzuanSultanate of Perak
The second smallest Malaysian state by land mass, Penang is bordered by Kedah to the north and the east, and Perak to the south.
Perak has land borders with the Malaysian states of Kedah to the north, Penang to the northwest, Kelantan and Pahang to the east, and Selangor to the south.

Seberang Perai

Province WellesleymainlandSeberang Prai
It has two parts: Penang Island, where the capital city, George Town, is located, and Seberang Perai (formerly Province Wellesley) on the Malay Peninsula.
Seberang Perai, also known as Province Wellesley, is a narrow hinterland on the Malay Peninsula opposite Penang Island, which, together with the island, forms the Malaysian state of Penang.

Penang Island

PenangPrince of Wales IslandPrince of Wales' Island
It has two parts: Penang Island, where the capital city, George Town, is located, and Seberang Perai (formerly Province Wellesley) on the Malay Peninsula. During World War I, in the Battle of Penang, the German cruiser SMS Emden surreptitiously sailed to Penang Island and sank two Allied warships off its coast.
Penang Island, is the main constituent island of the Malaysian state of Penang.

History of Penang

Penang's modern historyPenangPenang's history
Penang's modern history began in 1786, upon the establishment of George Town by Francis Light.
The State of Penang, one of the most developed and urbanised Malaysian states, is located at the nation's northwest coast along the Malacca Strait.

Japanese occupation of Malaya

Japanese occupationMalayaOccupied Malaya
Direct British rule was only briefly interrupted during World War II, when Japan occupied Penang; the British retook Penang in 1945.
The first Japanese garrison in Malaya to lay down their arms was in Penang on 2 September 1945 aboard.

Francis Light

Light
Penang's modern history began in 1786, upon the establishment of George Town by Francis Light.
Captain Francis Light (c.1740 – 21October1794) was the founder of the British colony of Penang (in modern-day Malaysia) and its capital city of George Town in 1786.

Operation Jurist

British retook PenangJuristrecaptured by the British
Direct British rule was only briefly interrupted during World War II, when Japan occupied Penang; the British retook Penang in 1945.
Operation Jurist referred to the British recapture of Penang following Japan's surrender in 1945.

Kedah

KadaramKedah Darul AmanSultanate of Kedah
The second smallest Malaysian state by land mass, Penang is bordered by Kedah to the north and the east, and Perak to the south. The Cherok Tok Kun megalith in Bukit Mertajam, uncovered in 1845, contains Pali inscriptions, indicating that the Hindu-Buddhist Bujang Valley civilisation based in what is now Kedah had established control over parts of Seberang Perai by the 6th century.
It borders the states of Perak to the south and Penang to the southwest.

Penangite Chinese

Chineseethnic ChinesePenang's Chinese
Aside from the three main races, the Chinese, Malays and Indians, Penang is home to significant Eurasian, Siamese and expatriate communities.
Penangite Chinese are ethnic Chinese Malaysians of full or partial Chinese ancestry who either hail from or live within the State of Penang.

Malaysians of Indian descent in Penang

IndiansIndianethnic Indians
Aside from the three main races, the Chinese, Malays and Indians, Penang is home to significant Eurasian, Siamese and expatriate communities.
Penangite Indians (பினாங்கு இந்தியர்கள்; Kaum India di Pulau Pinang), also known as Chulias are Malaysian Indians that live primarily in the state of Penang, Malaysia.

Penang Bridge

bridgeE36Penang Bridge (expressway 36)
Penang Island is connected to the rest of the state by Malaysia's two longest road bridges, the Penang Bridge and the Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah Bridge; the latter is also as of May 2019 the longest oversea bridge in Southeast Asia.
The Penang Bridge is a 13.5 km dual carriageway toll bridge and controlled-access highway in the state of Penang, Malaysia.

Penang Hokkien

HokkienPenangMalaysia
A resident of Penang is colloquially known as a Penangite or Penang Lâng (in Penang Hokkien).
Penang Hokkien (Tâi-lô: Pin-siânn Hok-kiàn-uā;, ) is a local variant of Hokkien spoken in Penang, Malaysia.

Federation of Malaya

MalayaMalayanPersekutuan Tanah Melayu
Penang was later merged with the Federation of Malaya (now Malaysia), which gained independence from the British in 1957.
The Federation of Malaya (Persekutuan Tanah Melayu; Jawi: ڤرسكوتوان تانه ملايو) was a federation of what previously had been British Malaya comprising eleven states (nine Malay states and two of the British Straits Settlements, Penang and Malacca) that existed from 1 February 1948 until 16 September 1963.

Straits Settlements

Straits SettlementStrait SettlementsStraits
Penang formed part of the Straits Settlements in 1826, which became a British crown colony in 1867. Subsequently, the Straits Settlements was abolished, as the British sought to consolidate the various political entities in British Malaya under a single polity named the Malayan Union. In 1826, Penang, Singapore and Malacca were incorporated into the Straits Settlements, with George Town as the capital.
The Straits Settlements originally consisted of the four individual settlements of Penang, Singapore, Malacca, and Dinding.

Bukit Mertajam

Kota PermaiKubang SemangBukit Mertajam, Penang
The Cherok Tok Kun megalith in Bukit Mertajam, uncovered in 1845, contains Pali inscriptions, indicating that the Hindu-Buddhist Bujang Valley civilisation based in what is now Kedah had established control over parts of Seberang Perai by the 6th century. Meanwhile, other towns, including Bayan Lepas on the island, and Butterworth and Bukit Mertajam in Province Wellesley, emerged due to agricultural and logistical developments.
Bukit Mertajam is a town and the administrative centre of the Central Seberang Perai District in Seberang Perai, Penang, Malaysia.

Cherok Tok Kun

Ceruk Tok KunTo'Kun
The Cherok Tok Kun megalith in Bukit Mertajam, uncovered in 1845, contains Pali inscriptions, indicating that the Hindu-Buddhist Bujang Valley civilisation based in what is now Kedah had established control over parts of Seberang Perai by the 6th century.
Cherok Tokun, sometimes spelt as Cherok To' Kun or Cherok Tok Kun, is a small town in Penang, Malaysia.

Malayan Union

Malaya
Subsequently, the Straits Settlements was abolished, as the British sought to consolidate the various political entities in British Malaya under a single polity named the Malayan Union.
The Malayan Union was a union of the Malay states and the Straits Settlements of Penang and Malacca.

Bayan Lepas

Bayan Lepas, Penang Island
Meanwhile, other towns, including Bayan Lepas on the island, and Butterworth and Bukit Mertajam in Province Wellesley, emerged due to agricultural and logistical developments.
Bayan Lepas is a town within the city of George Town in the Malaysian state of Penang.

Singapore in the Straits Settlements

Singaporecolonial SingaporeBritish Singapore
In 1826, Penang, Singapore and Malacca were incorporated into the Straits Settlements, with George Town as the capital.
Singapore in the Straits Settlements refers to a period in the history of Singapore from 1826 to 1942, during which Singapore was part of the Straits Settlements together with Penang and Malacca.

Butterworth, Penang

ButterworthButterworth, MalaysiaBagan
Meanwhile, other towns, including Bayan Lepas on the island, and Butterworth and Bukit Mertajam in Province Wellesley, emerged due to agricultural and logistical developments.
Butterworth, within the North Seberang Perai District, is the largest city in Seberang Perai, the mainland half of the Malaysian state of Penang.

Port of Penang

PenangPenang Port
Consequently, maritime trade at the Port of Penang grew exponentially; the number of incoming vessels rose from 85 in 1786 to 3,569 in 1802.
The Port of Penang is a deepwater seaport within the Malaysian state of Penang.

St. Xavier's Institution

St Xavier's InstitutionBrother's SchoolSaint Xavier's Institution
Several colonial buildings were destroyed or damaged, such as the Government Offices, St. Xavier's Institution and Hutchings School (now Penang State Museum).
St. Xavier's Institution, at Farquhar Street in George Town, Penang, Malaysia, is the oldest Catholic Lasallian school in Malaysia.

2008 Penang state election

12th20082008 State Election
Also as a result of the widespread resentment, the then federal opposition coalition, Pakatan Rakyat (now Pakatan Harapan), was voted into power within Penang in the 2008 State Election, replacing the erstwhile administration led by the Barisan Nasional.
Polling took place in 40 constituencies throughout the State of Penang, with each electing a State Assemblyman to the Penang State Legislative Assembly.

SMS Emden

SMS ''EmdenEmdenGerman cruiser ''Emden
During World War I, in the Battle of Penang, the German cruiser SMS Emden surreptitiously sailed to Penang Island and sank two Allied warships off its coast.
On October 28, 1914, Emden launched a surprise attack on Penang; in the resulting Battle of Penang, she sank the Russian cruiser and the French destroyer.