Penguin

penguinsSpheniscidaeSphenisciformesSpheniscidae indet.Penguin BooksPinguinsphenisciform (penguins and allies)Sphenisciformes indet.SpheniscinaeThe Animal World: The Penguin
Penguins (order Sphenisciformes, family Spheniscidae) are a group of aquatic flightless birds.wikipedia
1,091 Related Articles

Bird

birdsAvesavian
Penguins (order Sphenisciformes, family Spheniscidae) are a group of aquatic flightless birds.
Wings, which evolved from forelimbs, gave birds the ability to fly, although further evolution has led to the loss of flight in some birds, including ratites, penguins, and diverse endemic island species of birds.

Emperor penguin

emperor penguinsAptenodytes forsteriEmperor
The largest living species is the emperor penguin (Aptenodytes forsteri): on average, adults are about 1.1 m tall and weigh 35 kg.
The emperor penguin (Aptenodytes forsteri) is the tallest and heaviest of all living penguin species and is endemic to Antarctica.

Galapagos penguin

Galápagos penguinpenguinGalápagos penguins
They live almost exclusively in the Southern Hemisphere, with only one species, the Galapagos penguin, found north of the equator.
The Galápagos penguin (Spheniscus mendiculus) is a penguin endemic to the Galápagos Islands.

Great auk

Pinguinus impennisPinguinusPinguinus alfrednewtoni
The word penguin first appears in the 16th century as a synonym for great auk.
It is not closely related to the birds now known as penguins, which were discovered later and so named by sailors because of their physical resemblance to the great auk.

Macaroni penguin

macaroniEudyptes chrysolophusmacaronis
Similarly, it is still unclear whether the royal penguin is merely a colour morph of the macaroni penguin.
The macaroni penguin (Eudyptes chrysolophus) is a species of penguin found from the Subantarctic to the Antarctic Peninsula.

King penguin

kingking penguinsAptenodytes patagonicus
Most penguins lay two eggs in a clutch, although the two largest species, the emperor and the king penguins, lay only one.
The king penguin (Aptenodytes patagonicus) is the second largest species of penguin, smaller, but somewhat similar in appearance to the emperor penguin.

Auk

Alcidaealcidauklet
The English word is not apparently of French, Breton or Spanish origin (the latter two are attributed to the French word pingouin "auk"), but first appears in English or Dutch.
Auks are superficially similar to penguins having black-and-white colours, upright posture and some of their habits.

Adélie penguin

Adelie penguinAdéliePygoscelis adeliae
The Adélie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) is a species of penguin common along the entire coast of the Antarctic continent, which is its only habitat.

Royal penguin

Eudyptes schlegeliroyalEudyptes chrysolophus schlegeli
Similarly, it is still unclear whether the royal penguin is merely a colour morph of the macaroni penguin.
The royal penguin (Eudyptes schlegeli) is a subspecies of penguin, which can be found on the sub-Antarctic Macquarie Island and adjacent islands.

Gentoo penguin

gentoogentoosPygoscelis papua
The gentoo penguin (Pygoscelis papua) is a penguin species in the genus Pygoscelis, most closely related to the Adélie penguin (''P.

Little penguin

little penguinslittle blue penguinfairy penguins
The smallest penguin species is the little blue penguin (Eudyptula minor), also known as the fairy penguin, which stands around 40 cm tall and weighs 1 kg. Some sources consider the white-flippered penguin a separate Eudyptula species, while others treat it as a subspecies of the little penguin; the actual situation seems to be more complicated.
The little penguin (Eudyptula minor) is the smallest species of penguin.

Chinstrap penguin

chinstrapPygoscelis antarcticachinstrap penguins
The chinstrap penguin (Pygoscelis antarcticus) is a species of penguin that inhabits a variety of islands and shores in the Southern Pacific and the Antarctic Oceans.

Eudyptula

Some sources consider the white-flippered penguin a separate Eudyptula species, while others treat it as a subspecies of the little penguin; the actual situation seems to be more complicated. The genera Spheniscus and Eudyptula contain species with a mostly Subantarctic distribution centred on South America; some, however, range quite far northwards.
The genus Eudyptula ("good little diver") contains two species of penguin, found in southern Australia, Tasmania, and New Zealand (including the Chatham Islands).

Banded penguin

SpheniscusSpheniscus urbinaiS. urbinai
The genera Spheniscus and Eudyptula contain species with a mostly Subantarctic distribution centred on South America; some, however, range quite far northwards.
There are four living species of penguins known as banded penguins, and all have similar coloration.

Pygoscelis

Pygoscelis contains species with a fairly simple black-and-white head pattern; their distribution is intermediate, centred on Antarctic coasts but extending somewhat northwards from there.
The genus Pygoscelis ("rump-legged") contains three living species of penguins collectively known as "brush-tailed penguins".

Humboldt penguin

Humboldt penguinsHumboldtSpheniscus humboldti
The Humboldt penguin (Spheniscus humboldti) is a South American penguin living mainly in the Pinguino de Humbold National Reserve in the North of Chile, although its habitat comprises most of coastal Chile and Peru.

Yellow-eyed penguin

Hoiho (yellow-eyed penguin)Megadyptes antipodesHoiho
The yellow-eyed penguin (Megadyptes antipodes), known also as hoiho or tarakaka, is a species of penguin endemic to New Zealand.

Magellanic penguin

MagellanicSpheniscus magellanicusMagellanic penguin (''Spheniscus magellanicus'')
The Magellanic penguin (Spheniscus magellanicus) is a South American penguin, breeding in coastal Patagonia, including Argentina, Chile and the Falkland Islands, with some migrating to Brazil where they are occasionally seen as far north as Espirito Santo.

Crested penguin

Eudyptescrested penguin species
The term crested penguin is the common name given collectively to species of penguins of the genus Eudyptes.

Erect-crested penguin

Eudyptes sclateri
The erect-crested penguin (Eudyptes sclateri) is a penguin endemic to the New Zealand region and only breeds on the Bounty and Antipodes Islands.

Aptenodytes

living congeners
The genus Aptenodytes appears to be the basalmost divergence among living penguins they have bright yellow-orange neck, breast, and bill patches; incubate by placing their eggs on their feet, and when they hatch the chicks are almost naked.
The genus Aptenodytes contains two extant species of penguins collectively known as "the great penguins".

Waitaha penguin

Megadyptes waitahaM. waitaha
The Waitaha penguin (Megadyptes waitaha) is an extinct species of New Zealand penguin discovered in November 2008.

Hunter Island penguin

TasidyptesT. hunteri
The Hunter Island penguin (Tasidyptes hunteri) is an extinct penguin, subfossil remains of which were found in a Holocene Aboriginal midden at Stockyard Site on Hunter Island, in Bass Strait 5 km off the western end of the north coast of Tasmania, Australia.

Inguza

Spheniscus predemersusInguza predemersus
Inguza predemersus is an extinct species of penguin.

Arthrodytes

Arthrodytes andrewsiArthrodytes sp.
Arthrodytes is an extinct genus of penguins which contains a single species, whose remains have been recovered from the San Julian Formation (Late Eocene to Early Oligocene) of Patagonia.