Penguin Books

PenguinPenguin IndiaPenguin CanadaPenguin UKPenguin Books IndiaPenguin AustraliaPhilomelPuffin BooksAllen LanePuffin
Penguin Books is a British publishing house.wikipedia
2,769 Related Articles

Pearson plc

PearsonPearson VUES. Pearson & Son
Formerly, Penguin Group was wholly owned by British Pearson PLC, the global media company which also owned the Financial Times, but in the new umbrella company it retains only a minority holding of 25% of the stock against Random House owner, German media company Bertelsmann, which controls the majority stake.
In 2013 Pearson merged its Penguin Books with German conglomerate Bertelsmann.

Penguin Group

Penguin PressPenguinPenguin Putnam
Formerly, Penguin Group was wholly owned by British Pearson PLC, the global media company which also owned the Financial Times, but in the new umbrella company it retains only a minority holding of 25% of the stock against Random House owner, German media company Bertelsmann, which controls the majority stake.
Penguin Books has its registered office in City of Westminster, London.

Culture of the United Kingdom

British cultureBritish popular cultureBritish cultural icons
Penguin also had a significant impact on public debate in Britain, through its books on British culture, politics, the arts, and science.
Founded by Sir Allen Lane in 1935, Penguin Books revolutionised publishing in the 1930s through its inexpensive paperbacks, bringing high-quality paperback fiction and non-fiction to the mass market.

Edward Preston Young

Edward YoungE.P.YoungTeddy Young
The initial design was created by the then 21-year-old office junior Edward Young, who also drew the first version of the Penguin logo.
In 1935 he joined the then new publishing firm of Penguin Books and was responsible for designing the cover scheme used by Penguin for many years as well as drawing the original penguin logo.

Paperback

trade paperbackSoftcovermass market paperback
Penguin revolutionised publishing in the 1930s through its inexpensive paperbacks, sold through Woolworths and other high street stores for sixpence, bringing high-quality paperback fiction and non-fiction to the mass market.
It proved an immediate financial success in the United Kingdom in 1935 when Penguin Books adopted many of Albatross' innovations, including a conspicuous logo and color-coded covers for different genres.

Gill Sans

Gill KayoGill Sans MTGill Sans Nova
In the central white panel, the author and title were printed in Gill Sans and in the upper band was a cartouche with the legend "Penguin Books".
Gill Sans also soon became used on the modernist, deliberately simple covers of Penguin Books, and was sold up to very large sizes which were often used in British posters and notices of the period.

R v Penguin Books Ltd

Lady Chatterley trialR v Penguin Books Ltd.obscenity trial
See also R v Penguin Books Ltd.
R v Penguin Books Ltd was the public prosecution in the United Kingdom of Penguin Books under the Obscene Publications Act 1959 for the publication of D. H. Lawrence's Lady Chatterley's Lover.

Penguin Classics

Penguin Modern ClassicsPenguin ClassicPenguin Modern Classic
In 1945, Penguin began what would become one of its most important branches, the Penguin Classics, with a translation of Homer's Odyssey by E. V. Rieu.
Penguin Classics is an imprint of Penguin Books under which classic works of literature are published in English, Spanish, Portuguese, and Korean among other languages.

Penguin Random House

PenguinCenturyPenguin Audio
Penguin Books is now an imprint of the worldwide Penguin Random House, an emerging conglomerate which was formed in 2013 by the merger with American publisher Random House.

Lady Chatterley's Lover

Lady ChatterleyLady Chatterley’s LoverLady Chatterley trial
Just as Lane well judged the public's appetite for paperbacks in the 1930s, his decision to publish Lady Chatterley's Lover by D. H. Lawrence in 1960 boosted Penguin's notoriety.
An unexpurgated edition was not published openly in the United Kingdom until 1960, when it was the subject of a watershed obscenity trial against the publisher Penguin Books.

Romek Marber

Marber grid
Beginning with the crime series, Facetti canvassed the opinion of a number of designers including Romek Marber for a new look to the Penguin cover.
Romek Marber (born 25 October 1925) is a Polish graphic designer and academic noted for his work illustrating the covers of Penguin Books.

Jan Tschichold

Jan TschischoldJan-TschicholdWassily Kandinsky
Between 1947 and 1949, the German typographer Jan Tschichold redesigned 500 Penguin books, and left Penguin with a set of influential rules of design principles brought together as the Penguin Composition Rules, a four-page booklet of typographic instructions for editors and compositors.
His direction of the visual identity of Penguin Books in the decade following World War II served as a model for the burgeoning design practice of planning corporate identity programs.

Ian Ballantine

Ian
It was Frost who in 1945 was entrusted with the reconstruction of Penguin Inc after the departure of its first managing director Ian Ballantine.
In 1939, the year of his marriage to Elizabeth "Betty" Norah, he initiated the distribution of Penguin Books in the United States (Penguin U.S. was later renamed New American Library).

The Bodley Head

Bodley HeadJohn Lane, The Bodley HeadBodley Head (first edition)
It was co-founded in 1935 by Sir Allen Lane with his brothers Richard and John, as a line of the publishers The Bodley Head, only becoming a separate company the following year.
Allen Lane, John Lane's nephew who had inherited control, finally left to found Penguin Books.

Germano Facetti

To this end, he hired Germano Facetti in January 1961, who was to decisively alter the appearance of the Penguin brand.
Germano Facetti (5 May 1926 – 8 April 2006) was an Italian graphic designer who headed design at Penguin Books from 1962 to 1971.

Penguin Composition Rules

Between 1947 and 1949, the German typographer Jan Tschichold redesigned 500 Penguin books, and left Penguin with a set of influential rules of design principles brought together as the Penguin Composition Rules, a four-page booklet of typographic instructions for editors and compositors.
Penguin Composition Rules were the guidelines written by typographer Jan Tschichold for use in composing the pages and typography of Penguin Books.

Irving v Penguin Books Ltd

Irving v Penguin Books and LipstadtDavid Irving v Penguin Books and Deborah LipstadtIrving v. Lipstadt
Irving sued Lipstadt and Penguin for libel in 1998 but lost in a much publicised court case.
David Irving v Penguin Books and Deborah Lipstadt is a case in English law against American author Deborah Lipstadt and her publisher Penguin Books, filed in the High Court of Justice by the British author David Irving in 1996, asserting that Lipstadt had libelled him in her book Denying the Holocaust.

Pevsner Architectural Guides

Buildings of EnglandPevsnerThe Buildings of England
Many other series were published such as the Buildings of England, the Pelican History of Art and Penguin Education.
He conceived a project to write a series of comprehensive county guides to rectify this, and gained the backing of Allen Lane, founder of Penguin Books, for whom he had written his Outline of European Architecture.

David Irving

author of the same nameDavidDavid Irving "Accident — The Death of General Sikorski
Penguin published Deborah Lipstadt's book Denying the Holocaust, which accused David Irving of Holocaust denial.

Harmondsworth

From 1937 and on, the headquarters of Penguin Books was at Harmondsworth west of London and so it remained until the 1990s when a merge with Viking involved the head office moving to London.
From 1937 the offices and warehouses of Penguin Books were here until their gradual closure in the 1990s.

Pan Books

PanPan Books Ltd.Pan paperbacks
By this time the paperback industry in the UK had begun to grow, and Penguin found itself in competition with then fledgeling Pan Books.
Pan specialised in publishing paperback fiction and, along with Penguin Books, was one of the first popular publishers of this format in the UK.

Eunice Frost

Eunice Ellen Frost
This early flush of success brought expansion and the appointment of Eunice Frost, first as a secretary then as editor and ultimately as a director, who was to have a pivotal influence in shaping the company.
She started in 1936, working for Penguin Books, as secretary to co-founder Allen Lane, but soon was promoted to editor, and eventually a director of the company.

Pelican Books

PelicanPelican Book
Lane expanded the business in 1937 with the publication of George Bernard Shaw's The Intelligent Woman's Guide to Socialism and Capitalism under the Pelican Books imprint, an imprint designed to educate the reading public rather than entertain.
Pelican Books is a non-fiction imprint of Penguin Books.

Puffin Books

PuffinPuffin PostPuffin Picture Books
In 1940, the children's imprint Puffin Books began with a series of non-fiction picture books; the first work of children's fiction published under the imprint was Barbara Euphan Todd's Worzel Gummidge the following year.
Puffin Books is a longstanding children's imprint of the British publishers Penguin Books.

V. K. Krishna Menon

Krishna MenonV.K. Krishna MenonV K Krishna Menon
Recognising his own limitations Lane appointed V. K. Krishna Menon as the first commissioning editor of the series, supported by an advisory panel consisting of Peter Chalmers Mitchell, H. L. Bales and W. E. Williams.
As a young man, Menon served as founding editor of the Pelican Imprint of Penguin Books, and led the overseas wing of the Indian independence movement, launching the India League in London, aggressively campaigning within the United Kingdom to win public support for Indian independence, and rallying the support of such superpowers as the Soviet Union.