Pennsylvania Avenue National Historic Site

Pennsylvania AvenuePennsylvania Avenue Development CorporationPennsylvania Avenue National Historic Site and ParkPennsylvania Avenue, N.W.redevelopment of Pennsylvania Avenue NWrestoration and redevelopment of Pennsylvania Avenue NW
Pennsylvania Avenue National Historic Site is a National Historic Site in the city of Washington, D.C. Established on September 30, 1965, the site is roughly bounded by Constitution Avenue, 15th Street NW, F Street NW, and 3rd Street NW. The historic district includes a number of culturally, aesthetically, and historically significant structures and places, including Pennsylvania Avenue NW from the White House to the United States Capitol, the Treasury Building, Freedom Plaza, Federal Triangle, Ford's Theatre, the Old Patent Office Building, the Old Pension Office Building (which now houses the National Building Museum), Judiciary Square, and the Peace Monument.wikipedia
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Federal Triangle

The historic district includes a number of culturally, aesthetically, and historically significant structures and places, including Pennsylvania Avenue NW from the White House to the United States Capitol, the Treasury Building, Freedom Plaza, Federal Triangle, Ford's Theatre, the Old Patent Office Building, the Old Pension Office Building (which now houses the National Building Museum), Judiciary Square, and the Peace Monument.
Federal Triangle is occupied by 10 large city and federal office buildings, all of which are part of the Pennsylvania Avenue National Historic Site.

Pennsylvania Avenue

Pennsylvania Avenue NWPennsylvania Avenue SEPennsylvania
The historic district includes a number of culturally, aesthetically, and historically significant structures and places, including Pennsylvania Avenue NW from the White House to the United States Capitol, the Treasury Building, Freedom Plaza, Federal Triangle, Ford's Theatre, the Old Patent Office Building, the Old Pension Office Building (which now houses the National Building Museum), Judiciary Square, and the Peace Monument.
On September 30, 1965, portions of the avenue and surrounding area were designated the Pennsylvania Avenue National Historic Site.

Freedom Plaza

The historic district includes a number of culturally, aesthetically, and historically significant structures and places, including Pennsylvania Avenue NW from the White House to the United States Capitol, the Treasury Building, Freedom Plaza, Federal Triangle, Ford's Theatre, the Old Patent Office Building, the Old Pension Office Building (which now houses the National Building Museum), Judiciary Square, and the Peace Monument.
The National Park Service administers the Plaza as part of its Pennsylvania Avenue National Historic Site and coordinates the Plaza's activities.

Old Post Office (Washington, D.C.)

Old Post Office PavilionTrump International HotelOld Post Office Building
Construction on the Post Office Building began in 1892 and was completed in 1899.
The Old Post Office, listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Old Post Office and Clock Tower and located at 1100 Pennsylvania Avenue NW in Washington, D.C., was begun in 1892, completed in 1899, and is a contributing property to the Pennsylvania Avenue National Historic Site.

John A. Wilson Building

District BuildingDC Municipal BuildingDistrict (Wilson) Building
The District Building was built in 1908 between 13 and 14th Streets NW on the south side of the avenue.
Completed in 1908, during the administration of 26th President Theodore Roosevelt, the building is a contributing structure to the Pennsylvania Avenue National Historic Site.

Judiciary Square

Judiciary Square, Washington, D.C.Judiciary Square neighborhoodJudiciary Square Plaza
The historic district includes a number of culturally, aesthetically, and historically significant structures and places, including Pennsylvania Avenue NW from the White House to the United States Capitol, the Treasury Building, Freedom Plaza, Federal Triangle, Ford's Theatre, the Old Patent Office Building, the Old Pension Office Building (which now houses the National Building Museum), Judiciary Square, and the Peace Monument.

Murder Bay

But despite these many improvements, much of the Pennsylvania Avenue Historic Site south of Pennsylvania Avenue had become a disreputable slum known as Murder Bay, the home to an extensive criminal underclass and numerous brothels.
In the 1860s, much of the Pennsylvania Avenue National Historic Site south of Pennsylvania Avenue had become a disreputable slum known as Murder Bay, the home to an extensive criminal underclass and numerous brothels.

Pierre Charles L'Enfant

Pierre L'EnfantPierre (Peter) Charles L'EnfantL'Enfant
Washington chose Pierre (Peter) Charles L'Enfant to plan the new city.

1111 Pennsylvania Avenue

451 12th Street NWKirkwood HouseThe Raleigh Hotel
The first building to be developed under the 1964 master plan was 451 12th Street NW (at the site of the old Raleigh Hotel).
It is a "contributing" resource to the Pennsylvania Avenue National Historic Site.

National Historic Site (United States)

National Historic SiteNational Historical ParkNational Historic Sites
Pennsylvania Avenue National Historic Site is a National Historic Site in the city of Washington, D.C. Established on September 30, 1965, the site is roughly bounded by Constitution Avenue, 15th Street NW, F Street NW, and 3rd Street NW.

Washington, D.C.

Washington, DCWashington D.C.District of Columbia
Pennsylvania Avenue National Historic Site is a National Historic Site in the city of Washington, D.C. Established on September 30, 1965, the site is roughly bounded by Constitution Avenue, 15th Street NW, F Street NW, and 3rd Street NW.

Constitution Avenue

Constitution Avenue NWB Street NWConstitution Ave.
Pennsylvania Avenue National Historic Site is a National Historic Site in the city of Washington, D.C. Established on September 30, 1965, the site is roughly bounded by Constitution Avenue, 15th Street NW, F Street NW, and 3rd Street NW.

White House

The White HouseExecutive MansionPresident's House
The historic district includes a number of culturally, aesthetically, and historically significant structures and places, including Pennsylvania Avenue NW from the White House to the United States Capitol, the Treasury Building, Freedom Plaza, Federal Triangle, Ford's Theatre, the Old Patent Office Building, the Old Pension Office Building (which now houses the National Building Museum), Judiciary Square, and the Peace Monument.

United States Capitol

U.S. CapitolCapitolCapitol Building
The historic district includes a number of culturally, aesthetically, and historically significant structures and places, including Pennsylvania Avenue NW from the White House to the United States Capitol, the Treasury Building, Freedom Plaza, Federal Triangle, Ford's Theatre, the Old Patent Office Building, the Old Pension Office Building (which now houses the National Building Museum), Judiciary Square, and the Peace Monument.

Treasury Building (Washington, D.C.)

Treasury BuildingU.S. Treasury BuildingUnited States Treasury Building
The historic district includes a number of culturally, aesthetically, and historically significant structures and places, including Pennsylvania Avenue NW from the White House to the United States Capitol, the Treasury Building, Freedom Plaza, Federal Triangle, Ford's Theatre, the Old Patent Office Building, the Old Pension Office Building (which now houses the National Building Museum), Judiciary Square, and the Peace Monument.

Ford's Theatre

Ford's TheaterFord's Theatre National Historic SiteFord’s Theatre
The historic district includes a number of culturally, aesthetically, and historically significant structures and places, including Pennsylvania Avenue NW from the White House to the United States Capitol, the Treasury Building, Freedom Plaza, Federal Triangle, Ford's Theatre, the Old Patent Office Building, the Old Pension Office Building (which now houses the National Building Museum), Judiciary Square, and the Peace Monument.

Old Patent Office Building

Donald W. Reynolds Center for American Art and PortraitureU.S. Patent Office BuildingPatent Office Building
The historic district includes a number of culturally, aesthetically, and historically significant structures and places, including Pennsylvania Avenue NW from the White House to the United States Capitol, the Treasury Building, Freedom Plaza, Federal Triangle, Ford's Theatre, the Old Patent Office Building, the Old Pension Office Building (which now houses the National Building Museum), Judiciary Square, and the Peace Monument.

National Building Museum

Pension BuildingPension Bureau Building
The historic district includes a number of culturally, aesthetically, and historically significant structures and places, including Pennsylvania Avenue NW from the White House to the United States Capitol, the Treasury Building, Freedom Plaza, Federal Triangle, Ford's Theatre, the Old Patent Office Building, the Old Pension Office Building (which now houses the National Building Museum), Judiciary Square, and the Peace Monument.

Peace Monument

The historic district includes a number of culturally, aesthetically, and historically significant structures and places, including Pennsylvania Avenue NW from the White House to the United States Capitol, the Treasury Building, Freedom Plaza, Federal Triangle, Ford's Theatre, the Old Patent Office Building, the Old Pension Office Building (which now houses the National Building Museum), Judiciary Square, and the Peace Monument.

Piscataway Indian Nation and Tayac Territory

PiscatawayConoyPiscataway Indian
Prior to the settlement of the area by European colonists, the Piscataway tribe of Native Americans occupied the northeastern banks of the Potomac River, although no permanent settlements are known in the area now encompassed by the city of Washington.

Native Americans in the United States

Native AmericanNative AmericansAmerican Indian
Prior to the settlement of the area by European colonists, the Piscataway tribe of Native Americans occupied the northeastern banks of the Potomac River, although no permanent settlements are known in the area now encompassed by the city of Washington.

Potomac River

PotomacSouth Branch Potomac RiverNorth Branch Potomac River
Prior to the settlement of the area by European colonists, the Piscataway tribe of Native Americans occupied the northeastern banks of the Potomac River, although no permanent settlements are known in the area now encompassed by the city of Washington.

Enumerated powers (United States)

enumerated powersenumerated powerSection 8
Article One, Section 8, of the United States Constitution established a "District... become the seat of the government of the United States..."

Constitution of the United States

United States ConstitutionU.S. ConstitutionConstitution
Article One, Section 8, of the United States Constitution established a "District... become the seat of the government of the United States..."

Residence Act

Residence Act of 1790Residence BillAn Act for establishing the temporary and permanent seat of the Government of the United States
The Residence Act of 1790 (as amended), established this district and gave to the President of the United States the authority to fix the location of the site somewhere along the Potomac River.