People's Republic of Zanzibar

People's Republic of Zanzibar and PembaZanzibarRepublic of Zanzibar and PembaZanzibar, People's Republic of
The People's Republic of Zanzibar and Pemba (جمهورية زنجبار الشعبية Jumhūriyya Zanjibār al-Shaʾbiyya; ) was an African state founded in 1964, consisting of the islands of the Zanzibar Archipelago.wikipedia
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Tanganyika

Republic of TanganyikamainlandTanzania Mainland
It existed for less than a year before it merged with Tanganyika to create the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar, which would be renamed to Tanzania in October of that year.
After signing the Articles of Union on 22 April 1964 and passing an Act of Union on 25 April, Tanganyika officially joined with the People's Republic of Zanzibar and Pemba to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar on Union Day, 26 April 1964.

Abeid Karume

Abeid Amani KarumeSheikh Abeid Amani KarumeAbedi Karume
In the wake of the Zanzibar Revolution, a Revolutionary Council was established by the ASP and Umma parties to act as an interim government, with Abeid Karume heading the council as President and Abdulrahman Mohammad Babu serving as the Minister of External Affairs.
Having taken control of the island, John Okello invited Abeid Karume back to the island to assume the title of President of the People's Republic of Zanzibar and Pemba.

Zanzibar Revolution

revolution1964 revolution1964 Zanzibar Revolution
In the wake of the Zanzibar Revolution, a Revolutionary Council was established by the ASP and Umma parties to act as an interim government, with Abeid Karume heading the council as President and Abdulrahman Mohammad Babu serving as the Minister of External Affairs.

Abdullah Kassim Hanga

Abdullah KassimHanga
This suspicion was strengthened by the appointment of Babu as Minister for External Affairs and Abdullah Kassim Hanga as Prime Minister, both known leftists with possible communist ties.
Abdullah Kassim Hanga (1932–1969) was Prime Minister of Zanzibar from 12 January 1964 to 27 April 1964.

Tanzania

TanzanianUnited Republic of TanzaniaRepublic of Tanzania
It existed for less than a year before it merged with Tanganyika to create the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar, which would be renamed to Tanzania in October of that year.
The name "Tanzania" was created as a clipped compound of the names of the two states that unified to create the country: Tanganyika and Zanzibar.

Zanzibar Archipelago

archipelagoSpice Islandsarchipelago of Zanzibar
The People's Republic of Zanzibar and Pemba (جمهورية زنجبار الشعبية Jumhūriyya Zanjibār al-Shaʾbiyya; ) was an African state founded in 1964, consisting of the islands of the Zanzibar Archipelago.

President of Zanzibar

PresidentList of Presidents of ZanzibarPresidency
In the wake of the Zanzibar Revolution, a Revolutionary Council was established by the ASP and Umma parties to act as an interim government, with Abeid Karume heading the council as President and Abdulrahman Mohammad Babu serving as the Minister of External Affairs.

Abdulrahman Mohamed Babu

Abdulrahman Mohammad BabuAbdulrahman Muhammad BabuAbdulrahman Babu
In the wake of the Zanzibar Revolution, a Revolutionary Council was established by the ASP and Umma parties to act as an interim government, with Abeid Karume heading the council as President and Abdulrahman Mohammad Babu serving as the Minister of External Affairs.

Foreign minister

Minister of Foreign AffairsForeign MinistryMinister for Foreign Affairs
In the wake of the Zanzibar Revolution, a Revolutionary Council was established by the ASP and Umma parties to act as an interim government, with Abeid Karume heading the council as President and Abdulrahman Mohammad Babu serving as the Minister of External Affairs.

Zanzibar Nationalist Party

Zanzibar National Party
The country was renamed the People's Republic of Zanzibar; the new government's first acts were to permanently banish the Sultan and to ban the Zanzibar Nationalist Party and Zanzibar and Pemba People's Party.

Zanzibar and Pemba People's Party

The country was renamed the People's Republic of Zanzibar; the new government's first acts were to permanently banish the Sultan and to ban the Zanzibar Nationalist Party and Zanzibar and Pemba People's Party.

John Okello

Seeking to distance himself from the volatile John Okello, Karume quietly sidelined him from the political scene, although he was allowed to retain his self-bestowed title of field marshal.

Mass grave

mass gravesmass burialcommon graves
The killing of Arab prisoners and their burial in mass graves was documented by an Italian film crew, filming from a helicopter, for Africa Addio and this sequence of film comprises the only known visual document of the killings.

Africa Addio

Africa Blood and Guts
The killing of Arab prisoners and their burial in mass graves was documented by an Italian film crew, filming from a helicopter, for Africa Addio and this sequence of film comprises the only known visual document of the killings.

Oman

Sultanate of OmanOmaniOmani Empire
Many Arabs fled to safety in Oman, although by Okello's order no Europeans were harmed.

Umma Party (Zanzibar)

Umma Party
The behaviour of Okello's supporters, his violent rhetoric, Ugandan accent, and Christian beliefs were alienating many in the largely moderate Zanzibari and Muslim ASP, and by March many members of his FMF had been disarmed by Karume's supporters and the Umma Party militia.

Kenya

KenyanRepublic of KenyaKEN
He was deported to Tanganyika and then to Kenya, before returning destitute to his native Uganda.

Socialism

socialistsocialistssocialistic
The merger was seen by contemporary media as a means of preventing communist subversion of Zanzibar; at least one historian states that it may have been an attempt by Karume, a moderate socialist, to limit the influence of the radically left-wing Umma Party.

United States Navy

U.S. NavyUS NavyNavy
Within hours of the revolution, the American ambassador had authorised the withdrawal of US citizens on the island, and a US Navy destroyer, the USS Manley, arrived on 13 January.

USS Manley (DD-940)

USS ''Manley(DD-940) ''ManleyManley
Within hours of the revolution, the American ambassador had authorised the withdrawal of US citizens on the island, and a US Navy destroyer, the USS Manley, arrived on 13 January.

Warsaw Pact

Soviet blocWarsaw TreatyEastern Bloc
Western intelligence agencies believed that the revolution had been organised by communists supplied with weapons by the Warsaw Pact countries.

Prime minister

prime ministersPMchief minister
This suspicion was strengthened by the appointment of Babu as Minister for External Affairs and Abdullah Kassim Hanga as Prime Minister, both known leftists with possible communist ties.

Oscar Kambona

Britain believed that these two were close associates of Oscar Kambona, the Foreign Affairs Minister of Tanganyika, and that former members of the Tanganyika Rifles had been made available to assist with the revolution.

Tanganyika Rifles

1st Tanganyika Rifles2nd Tanganyika Battaliona mutiny in 1964
Britain believed that these two were close associates of Oscar Kambona, the Foreign Affairs Minister of Tanganyika, and that former members of the Tanganyika Rifles had been made available to assist with the revolution.