People smuggling

human smugglingpeople smugglerspeople smugglerhuman smugglerssmugglingalien smugglingcoyotemigrant smugglingpeople-smugglingsmuggle
People smuggling (also called human smuggling), under US law, is "the facilitation, transportation, attempted transportation or illegal entry of a person or persons across an international border, in violation of one or more countries' laws, either clandestinely or through deception, such as the use of fraudulent documents".wikipedia
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Human trafficking

traffickingtrafficking in personstrafficked
Unlike human trafficking, people smuggling is characterized by the consent between customer and smuggler - a contractual agreement that typically terminates upon arrival in the destination location.
People smuggling (also called human smuggling and migrant smuggling) is a related practice which is characterized by the consent of the person being smuggled.

Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air

migrant smugglingProtocol Against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea, and Air
Internationally, the term is understood as and often used interchangeably with migrant smuggling, which is defined in the Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime as "...the procurement, in order to obtain, directly or indirectly, a financial or other material benefit, of the illegal entry of a person into a state party of which the person is not a national".
It emphasizes the need to provide migrants with humane treatment, and the need for comprehensive international approaches to combating people smuggling, including socio-economic measures that address the root causes of migration.

Sister Ping

Cheng Chui Ping
One of the most notable Snakeheads was Sister Ping, who ran a successful and extensive smuggling operation in New York from 1984 to 2000, when she was finally caught by authorities following the disaster involving the Golden Venture.
Cheng Chui Ping, also known as Sister Ping (萍姐 Píng Jiě; January 9, 1949 – April 24, 2014), was a woman who ran a human smuggling operation between Hong Kong and New York City from 1984 until 2000.

Golden Venture

name of a vessel
One of the most notable Snakeheads was Sister Ping, who ran a successful and extensive smuggling operation in New York from 1984 to 2000, when she was finally caught by authorities following the disaster involving the Golden Venture.
Golden Venture was a 147 ft cargo ship that smuggled 286 illegal aliens from China (mostly Fuzhou people from Fujian province) along with 13 crew members that ran aground on the beach at Fort Tilden in Rockaway Beach in Queens, New York on June 6, 1993, at around 2 a.m. The ship had sailed from Bangkok, Thailand, stopped in Kenya and circled the Cape of Good Hope, then headed northwest across the Atlantic Ocean to New York City on its four-month voyage.

European Border and Coast Guard Agency

FrontexEuropean Border and Coast Guardauthorities in EU countries
According to Frontex, people smugglers give detailed descriptions of benefits of individual EU countries so they can compare the available benefits of for instance Sweden, Denmark and Germany before applying for asylum.
According to a Hellenic Air Force announcement, the incident occurred as the Frontex helicopter—identified as an Italian-made Agusta A109—was patrolling in Greek airspace near the small isle of Farmakonisi, which lies on a favourite route used by migrant smugglers ferrying migrants into Greece and the EU from the opposite Turkish coastline.

Coyote (person)

coyotecoyotajecoyotes
Coyote is a colloquial Mexican–Spanish term referring to the practice of people smuggling across the U.S.–Mexico border.

Snakehead (gang)

SnakeheadsnakeheadsSnakehead gang
Snakeheads are Chinese gangs that smuggle people to other countries.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

UNODCUnited Nations Drug Control ProgrammeUN Office on Drugs and Crime
According to the UNODC, "[t]ackling migrant smuggling necessitates a comprehensive, multi-dimensional response, which begins with addressing the socio-economic root causes of irregular migration to prevent it, and goes through to prosecution of criminals who commit smuggling-related crimes".
These are the main themes that UNODC deals with: Alternative Development, anti-corruption, Criminal Justice, Prison Reform and Crime Prevention, Drug Prevention, -Treatment and Care, HIV and AIDS, Human Trafficking and Migrant Smuggling, Money Laundering, Organized Crime, Piracy, Terrorism Prevention.

Illegal immigration

illegal immigrantillegal immigrantsundocumented immigrants
The practice of people smuggling has seen a rise over the past few decades and today now accounts for a significant portion of irregular immigration in countries around the world.
Human smuggling is the practice of intermediaries aiding undocumented immigrants in crossing over international borders in financial gain, often in large groups.

United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime

Convention against Transnational Organized CrimeConvention against Transnational Organised CrimeUN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime
Internationally, the term is understood as and often used interchangeably with migrant smuggling, which is defined in the Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime as "...the procurement, in order to obtain, directly or indirectly, a financial or other material benefit, of the illegal entry of a person into a state party of which the person is not a national".

Syrian Civil War

civil warSyriaSyrian uprising
In 2015, the ongoing civil war in Syria has led to massive displacement and reliance on people smugglers to assist people to seek sanctuary in Europe.

Right of asylum

political asylumasylumpolitical refugee
Others may be seeking asylum.

Sweden

SwedishSWEKingdom of Sweden
According to Frontex, people smugglers give detailed descriptions of benefits of individual EU countries so they can compare the available benefits of for instance Sweden, Denmark and Germany before applying for asylum.

Denmark

DanishKingdom of DenmarkConstituent country
According to Frontex, people smugglers give detailed descriptions of benefits of individual EU countries so they can compare the available benefits of for instance Sweden, Denmark and Germany before applying for asylum.

Germany

GermanGERFederal Republic of Germany
According to Frontex, people smugglers give detailed descriptions of benefits of individual EU countries so they can compare the available benefits of for instance Sweden, Denmark and Germany before applying for asylum.

Mexico–United States border

U.S.-Mexico borderMexican borderUnited States–Mexico border
"Coyotes" is the name for smugglers who facilitate the migration of people across the Mexico–United States, and Bolivia–Chile borders.

Bolivia–Chile relations

Bolivia-Chile relationsbilateral meetingBolivia–Chile
"Coyotes" is the name for smugglers who facilitate the migration of people across the Mexico–United States, and Bolivia–Chile borders.

Minor (law)

minorminorsjuvenile
Another term used for minors who smuggle people across the Mexico–United States border is "polleros".

Guatemala

GuatemalanRepublic of GuatemalaGTM
On 14 September 2018, US media reported that Jacklyn the 7-year-old from Guatemala had died while in custody of US Customs.

Drug cartel

drug cartelscartelcartels
Given the clandestine but booming nature of people smuggling operations – especially in places like Mexico – drug cartels have also begun tapping into the smuggling network.

Illegal entry

illegally entering the countryillegal border crossingsillegal entries
Human smuggling is the practice of intermediaries aiding undocumented migrants in crossing international borders for financial gain, often in large groups.

Gary Stephen Krist

Gary Steven Krist
Gary Stephen Krist (born April 29, 1945) is an American convicted of kidnapping and the trafficking of illegal aliens.