Pericarditis

Chronic adhesive pericarditisChronic constrictive pericarditisinflammation around the heartinflammation of membranes covering the heartinflammation of the fibrous sac around the heartinflammation of the pericardiumviral pericarditis
Pericarditis is inflammation of the pericardium (the fibrous sac surrounding the heart).wikipedia
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Chest pain

chest painschest tightnesschest
Symptoms typically include sudden onset of sharp chest pain. Substernal or left precordial pleuritic chest pain with radiation to the trapezius ridge (the bottom portion of scapula on the back) is the characteristic pain of pericarditis.
Serious and relatively common causes include acute coronary syndrome such as a heart attack (31%), pulmonary embolism (2%), pneumothorax, pericarditis (4%), aortic dissection (1%), and esophageal rupture.

Uremic pericarditis

fibrinous pericarditispericarditis
Other causes include bacterial infections such as tuberculosis, uremic pericarditis, following a heart attack, cancer, autoimmune disorders, and chest trauma.
Uremic pericarditis is a form of pericarditis.

Colchicine

colchicinescolchicumcolchine
Treatment in most cases is with NSAIDs and possibly colchicine.
Other uses include the prevention of pericarditis and familial Mediterranean fever.

Pericardial friction rub

pericardial rubRubs
Diagnosis is based on the chest pain, a pericardial rub, specific electrocardiogram (ECG) changes, and fluid around the heart.
A pericardial friction rub, also pericardial rub, is an audible medical sign used in the diagnosis of pericarditis.

Cardiac tamponade

pericardial tamponadeCardiac '''T'''amponadepericardial tamponades
Complications can include cardiac tamponade, myocarditis, and constrictive pericarditis.
Common causes of cardiac tamponade include cancer, kidney failure, chest trauma, and pericarditis.

Myocarditis

Acute myocarditisinflammation of the heartviral myocarditis
Complications can include cardiac tamponade, myocarditis, and constrictive pericarditis.
Myocarditis is often associated with pericarditis, and many people with myocarditis present with signs and symptoms that suggest myocarditis and pericarditis at the same time.

Heart

cardiachuman heartapex of the heart
Pericarditis is inflammation of the pericardium (the fibrous sac surrounding the heart).
The sack which surrounds the heart, called the pericardium, can become inflamed in a condition known as pericarditis.

Pleurisy

pleuritispleuriticpleuritic chest pain
Substernal or left precordial pleuritic chest pain with radiation to the trapezius ridge (the bottom portion of scapula on the back) is the characteristic pain of pericarditis.
Other conditions that can produce similar symptoms include pericarditis, heart attack, cholecystitis, and pneumothorax.

Pericardial effusion

pericardialfluid around the heartpericardial effusions
Diagnosis is based on the chest pain, a pericardial rub, specific electrocardiogram (ECG) changes, and fluid around the heart.

Viral disease

viral infectionviral infectionsviral
The cause of pericarditis is believed to be most often due to a viral infection.

Constrictive pericarditis

pericardial diseasepericarditis, constrictive
Complications can include cardiac tamponade, myocarditis, and constrictive pericarditis.

Pericardium

epicardiumpericardialpericardial cavity
Pericarditis is inflammation of the pericardium (the fibrous sac surrounding the heart).
Inflammation of the pericardium is called pericarditis.

Electrocardiography

electrocardiogramECGEKG
Diagnosis is based on the chest pain, a pericardial rub, specific electrocardiogram (ECG) changes, and fluid around the heart.

Tuberculous pericarditis

Pneumococcus or tuberculous pericarditis are the most common bacterial forms.
Tuberculous pericarditis is a form of pericarditis.

Histoplasmosis

reticuloendotheliosisclassical histoplasmosisHistoplasma capsulatum
Fungal pericarditis is usually due to histoplasmosis, or in immunocompromised hosts Aspergillus, Candida, and Coccidioides.
From 1978 to 1979, during a large urban outbreak (100,000 victims) of the disease in Indianapolis, victims had pericarditis, rheumatological syndromes, esophageal and vocal cord ulcers, parotitis, adrenal insufficiency, uveitis, fibrosing mediastinitis, interstitial nephritis, intestinal lymphangiectasia, and epididymitis.

Dressler syndrome

Dressler's syndromePostmyocardial infarction syndromeinflammation of the heart wall
Acute pericarditis is more common than chronic pericarditis, and can occur as a complication of infections, immunologic conditions, or even as a result of a heart attack (myocardial infarction), as Dressler's syndrome.
Dressler syndrome is a secondary form of pericarditis that occurs in the setting of injury to the heart or the pericardium (the outer lining of the heart).

Streptococcus pneumoniae

pneumococcusS. pneumoniaepneumococcal
Pneumococcus or tuberculous pericarditis are the most common bacterial forms.
These invasive pneumococcal diseases include bronchitis, rhinitis, acute sinusitis, otitis media, conjunctivitis, meningitis, sepsis, osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, endocarditis, peritonitis, pericarditis, cellulitis, and brain abscess.

Precordium

precordialPrecordial painprecordial region
Substernal or left precordial pleuritic chest pain with radiation to the trapezius ridge (the bottom portion of scapula on the back) is the characteristic pain of pericarditis.
Precordial chest pain can be an indication of a variety of illnesses, including costochondritis and viral pericarditis.

Myocardial infarction

heart attackheart attacksacute myocardial infarction
Other causes include bacterial infections such as tuberculosis, uremic pericarditis, following a heart attack, cancer, autoimmune disorders, and chest trauma.
Dressler's syndrome, a reaction following larger infarcts and a cause of pericarditis is also possible.

Systemic lupus erythematosus

lupusSLEsystemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
SLE may cause pericarditis—inflammation of the outer lining surrounding the heart, myocarditis—inflammation of the heart muscle, or endocarditis—inflammation of the inner lining of the heart.

Acute pericarditis

Acute pericarditis is more common than chronic pericarditis, and can occur as a complication of infections, immunologic conditions, or even as a result of a heart attack (myocardial infarction), as Dressler's syndrome.
Acute pericarditis is a type of pericarditis (inflammation of the sac surrounding the heart, the pericardium) usually lasting less than 6 weeks.

Aspirin

acetylsalicylic acidBufferinASA
The treatment in viral or idiopathic pericarditis is with aspirin, or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs such as ibuprofen).
Specific inflammatory conditions which aspirin is used to treat include Kawasaki disease, pericarditis, and rheumatic fever.

Aortic dissection

dissecting aortic aneurysmdissectionthoracic aortic dissection
If the pain is pleuritic in nature, it may suggest acute pericarditis caused by bleeding into the sac surrounding the heart.

Rheumatic fever

rheumatic heart diseaseAcute rheumatic feverrheumatic
The inflammation may cause a serofibrinous pericardial exudate described as "bread-and-butter" pericarditis, which usually resolves without sequelae.

Postpericardiotomy syndrome

Postcardiotomy syndrome
The typical signs of post-pericardiotomy syndrome include fever, pleuritis (with possible pleural effusion), pericarditis (with possible pericardial effusion), occasional but rare pulmonary infiltrates, and fatigue.