Peritoneal cavity

peritonealperitoneal cavities
The peritoneal cavity is a true space between the parietal peritoneum (the peritoneum that surrounds the abdominal wall) and visceral peritoneum (the peritoneum that surrounds the internal organs).wikipedia
99 Related Articles

Peritoneum

peritonealintraperitonealparietal peritoneum
The peritoneal cavity is a true space between the parietal peritoneum (the peritoneum that surrounds the abdominal wall) and visceral peritoneum (the peritoneum that surrounds the internal organs).
The peritoneum is one continuous sheet, forming two layers and a potential space between them: the peritoneal cavity.

Ascites

ascitic fluidBulging flanksChylous ascites
An increase in the capillary pressure in the abdominal viscera can cause fluid to leave the interstitial space and enter the peritoneal cavity, a condition called ascites.
Technically, it is more than 25 ml of fluid in the peritoneal cavity.

Paracentesis

peritoneocentesisAbdominocentesisdraining the fluid
Body fluid sampling from the peritoneal cavity is called peritoneocentesis.
Paracentesis (from Greek κεντάω, "to pierce") is a form of body fluid sampling procedure, generally referring to peritoneocentesis (also called laparocentesis or abdominal paracentesis) in which the peritoneal cavity is punctured by a needle to sample peritoneal fluid.

Shunt (medical)

shuntshuntsshunting
In cases where cerebrospinal fluid builds up, such as in hydrocephalus, the fluid is commonly diverted to the peritoneal cavity by use of a shunt placed by surgery.

Greater sac

greater
In human anatomy, the greater sac, also known as the general cavity (of the abdomen) or peritoneum of the peritoneal cavity proper, is the cavity in the abdomen that is inside the peritoneum but outside the lesser sac.

Coelom

coelomic fluidacoelomatepseudocoelomate
It is one of the spaces derived from the coelomic cavity of the embryo, the others being the pleural cavities around the lungs and the pericardial cavity around the heart.

Pleural cavity

pleuralpleural spacepleura
It is one of the spaces derived from the coelomic cavity of the embryo, the others being the pleural cavities around the lungs and the pericardial cavity around the heart.

Pericardium

epicardiumpericardialpericardial cavity
It is one of the spaces derived from the coelomic cavity of the embryo, the others being the pleural cavities around the lungs and the pericardial cavity around the heart.

Serous membrane

serosaserosalserous membranes
It is the largest serosal sac, and the largest fluid-filled cavity, in the body and secretes approximately 50 mL of fluid per day.

Intraperitoneal injection

intraperitonealintraperitoneallyi.p.
The peritoneal cavity is a common injection site, used in intraperitoneal injection.

Cerebrospinal fluid

cerebral spinal fluidCSFspinal fluid
In cases where cerebrospinal fluid builds up, such as in hydrocephalus, the fluid is commonly diverted to the peritoneal cavity by use of a shunt placed by surgery.

Hydrocephalus

hydrocephalyhydrocephalicobstructive hydrocephalus
In cases where cerebrospinal fluid builds up, such as in hydrocephalus, the fluid is commonly diverted to the peritoneal cavity by use of a shunt placed by surgery.

Body fluid

bodily fluidbodily fluidsbody fluids
Body fluid sampling from the peritoneal cavity is called peritoneocentesis.

Peritoneal dialysis

continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysisIntraperitoneal dialysis solutionAmbulatory Peritoneal Dialysis
The peritoneal cavity is involved in peritoneal dialysis.

Lesser sac

omental bursalesser peritoneal cavityLesser sac abscess

Pneumoperitoneum

Rigler's signFootball signFree abdominal air
Pneumoperitoneum is pneumatosis (abnormal presence of air or other gas) in the peritoneal cavity, a potential space within the abdominal cavity.

Abdominal obesity

central obesitybeer bellypot belly
Visceral fat, also known as organ fat or intra-abdominal fat, is located inside the peritoneal cavity, packed in between internal organs and torso, as opposed to subcutaneous fat, which is found underneath the skin, and intramuscular fat, which is found interspersed in skeletal muscle.

Hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy

intraperitoneal hyperthermic chemoperfusionHIPEChyperthermic intraperitoneal chemoperfusion
In this procedure, warmed anti-cancer drugs are infused and circulated in the peritoneal cavity (abdomen) for a short period of time.

Kehr's sign

Kehr sign
Kehr's sign is the occurrence of acute pain in the tip of the shoulder due to the presence of blood or other irritants in the peritoneal cavity when a person is lying down and the legs are elevated.

Adhesion (medicine)

adhesionsadhesionintestinal adhesions
The term "adhesion" is applied when the scar extends from within one tissue across to another, usually across a virtual space such as the peritoneal cavity.

Hemoperitoneum

Haemoperitoneumbleeding inside the abdominal cavity
Hemoperitoneum (sometimes also hematoperitoneum) is the presence of blood in the peritoneal cavity.

Nephrotic syndrome

a serious kidney disorderGlomerulosclerosisidiopathic nephrotic syndrome

Taenia hydatigena

T. hydatigena
The cysticercus, the larval form, travels and persists in the liver for 18 – 30 days, then burrows out into the peritoneal cavity and attaches to the viscera.