Peritoneal dialysis

continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysisIntraperitoneal dialysis solutionAmbulatory Peritoneal DialysisCAPDCAPD systemsperitoneal dialysis, continuous ambulatory
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a type of dialysis which uses the peritoneum in a person's abdomen as the membrane through which fluid and dissolved substances are exchanged with the blood.wikipedia
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Dialysis

kidney dialysisrenal dialysisdialysis machine
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a type of dialysis which uses the peritoneum in a person's abdomen as the membrane through which fluid and dissolved substances are exchanged with the blood.
The two main types of dialysis, hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis, remove wastes and excess water from the blood in different ways.

Hemodialysis

haemodialysisdialysisScribner shunt
Peritoneal dialysis has better outcomes than hemodialysis during the first couple of years.
Hemodialysis is one of three renal replacement therapies (the other two being kidney transplant and peritoneal dialysis).

Peritonitis

pelvic peritonitisacute peritonitiscomplication
Complications may include infections within the abdomen, hernias, high blood sugar, bleeding in the abdomen, and blockage of the catheter.
Risk factors include ascites and peritoneal dialysis.

Hernia

herniasherniationstrangulated hernia
Complications may include infections within the abdomen, hernias, high blood sugar, bleeding in the abdomen, and blockage of the catheter.
Risk factors for the development of a hernia include: smoking, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, obesity, pregnancy, peritoneal dialysis, collagen vascular disease, and previous open appendectomy, among others.

Kidney failure

renal failurekidney problemsrenal impairment
It is used to remove excess fluid, correct electrolyte problems, and remove toxins in those with kidney failure.
Treatment of chronic failure may include hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, or a kidney transplant.

Chronic kidney disease

chronic renal failureend-stage renal diseasechronic kidney failure
There is insufficient research to adequately compare the risks and benefits between CAPD and APD; a Cochrane Review of three small clinical trials found no difference in clinically important outcomes (i.e. morbidity or mortality) for patients with end stage renal disease, nor was there any advantage in preserving the functionality of the kidneys.
Severe disease requires hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, or a kidney transplant for survival.

Peritoneum

peritonealintraperitonealparietal peritoneum
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a type of dialysis which uses the peritoneum in a person's abdomen as the membrane through which fluid and dissolved substances are exchanged with the blood.
In one form of dialysis, called peritoneal dialysis, a glucose solution is sent through a tube into the peritoneal cavity.

WHO Model List of Essential Medicines

World Health Organization's List of Essential MedicinesList of Essential MedicinesModel List of Essential Medicines
The solution used for peritoneal dialysis is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the most effective and safe medicines needed in a health system.
* Intraperitoneal dialysis solution (of appropriate composition)α

Peritoneal equilibration test

A peritoneal equilibration test may be done to assess a person for peritoneal dialysis by determining the characteristics of the peritoneal membrane mass transport characteristics.
In nephrology, the peritoneal equilibration test (PET), is a tool used by nephrologists to determine the characteristics of the peritoneal membrane mass transport characteristics, when assessing a patient for peritoneal dialysis.

Icodextrin

Extraneal
Icodextrin (INN, USAN) is a colloid osmotic agent, derived from maltodextrin, used in form of an aqueous solution for peritoneal dialysis under the trade name Extraneal, and after gynecological laparoscopic surgery for the reduction of post-surgical adhesions (fibrous bands that form between tissues and organs) under the trade name Adept.

Abdomen

abdominalabdominal musclesbelly
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a type of dialysis which uses the peritoneum in a person's abdomen as the membrane through which fluid and dissolved substances are exchanged with the blood.

Blood

human bloodhematologicaloxygen consumption
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a type of dialysis which uses the peritoneum in a person's abdomen as the membrane through which fluid and dissolved substances are exchanged with the blood.

Electrolyte imbalance

electrolyte problemselectrolyte disturbanceelectrolyte abnormalities
It is used to remove excess fluid, correct electrolyte problems, and remove toxins in those with kidney failure.

Cardiovascular disease

heart diseasecardiac diseasecardiovascular
Other benefits include greater flexibility and better tolerability in those with significant heart disease.

Hyperglycemia

high blood sugarhyperglycaemiahyperglycemic
Complications may include infections within the abdomen, hernias, high blood sugar, bleeding in the abdomen, and blockage of the catheter.

Abdominal surgery

abdominalabdominal surgeriesAbdominal reconstruction
Use is not possible in those with significant prior abdominal surgery or inflammatory bowel disease.

Inflammatory bowel disease

inflammatory bowel diseasesIBDindeterminate colitis
Use is not possible in those with significant prior abdominal surgery or inflammatory bowel disease.

Sodium chloride

NaClsaltroad salt
The solution is typically made of sodium chloride, hydrogen carbonate, and an osmotic agent such as glucose.

Tonicity

hypertonicisotonichypotonic
The solution is typically made of sodium chloride, hydrogen carbonate, and an osmotic agent such as glucose.

Glucose

dextroseD-glucose D -glucose
The solution is typically made of sodium chloride, hydrogen carbonate, and an osmotic agent such as glucose.

Health system

health care systemhealthcare systemhealth systems
The solution used for peritoneal dialysis is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the most effective and safe medicines needed in a health system.

Developing country

developing countriesdeveloping worlddeveloping nations
The cost of dialysis solution in the developing world is about US$6.77–7.30 per two-liter bag or about $12,000 per year.

Antibiotic

antibioticsantibacterialtopical antibiotic
There is not sufficient evidence to be clear about the best treatment for PD-associated peritonitis, although direct infusion of antibiotics into the peritoneum appears to offer slight advantage over the intravenous route of administration; there is no clear advantage for other frequently used treatments such as routine peritoneal lavage or use of urokinase.

Urokinase

urokinase plasminogen activatorPLAUuPA
There is not sufficient evidence to be clear about the best treatment for PD-associated peritonitis, although direct infusion of antibiotics into the peritoneum appears to offer slight advantage over the intravenous route of administration; there is no clear advantage for other frequently used treatments such as routine peritoneal lavage or use of urokinase.