Permanent makeup

Micropigmentationcosmetic tattooingPermanent cosmeticsdermapigmentationSemi permanent make upsemi-permanent make up
Permanent makeup is a cosmetic technique which employs tattoos (permanent pigmentation of the dermis) as a means of producing designs that resemble makeup, such as eyelining and other permanent enhancing colors to the skin of the face, lips, and eyelids.wikipedia
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Tattoo

tattoostattooingtemporary tattoo
Permanent makeup is a cosmetic technique which employs tattoos (permanent pigmentation of the dermis) as a means of producing designs that resemble makeup, such as eyelining and other permanent enhancing colors to the skin of the face, lips, and eyelids.
The American Academy of Dermatology distinguishes five types of tattoos: traumatic tattoos, also called "natural tattoos", that result from injuries, especially asphalt from road injuries or pencil lead; amateur tattoos; professional tattoos, both via traditional methods and modern tattoo machines; cosmetic tattoos, also known as "permanent makeup"; and medical tattoos.

Cosmetics

make-upmakeupcosmetic
Permanent makeup is a cosmetic technique which employs tattoos (permanent pigmentation of the dermis) as a means of producing designs that resemble makeup, such as eyelining and other permanent enhancing colors to the skin of the face, lips, and eyelids.

George Burchett

The tattooist George Burchett, a major developer of the technique when it became fashionable in the 1930s, described in his memoirs how beauty salons tattooed many women without their knowledge, offering it as a "complexion treatment ... of injecting vegetable dyes under the top layer of the skin."
In the 1930s, he developed cosmetic tattooing with such techniques as permanently darkening eyebrows.

Beauty

beautifuldecorativeclassical beauty
Permanent makeup is a cosmetic technique which employs tattoos (permanent pigmentation of the dermis) as a means of producing designs that resemble makeup, such as eyelining and other permanent enhancing colors to the skin of the face, lips, and eyelids.

Skin

cutaneousskin cellanimal skin
Permanent makeup is a cosmetic technique which employs tattoos (permanent pigmentation of the dermis) as a means of producing designs that resemble makeup, such as eyelining and other permanent enhancing colors to the skin of the face, lips, and eyelids.

Face

human facefacialfacial feature
Permanent makeup is a cosmetic technique which employs tattoos (permanent pigmentation of the dermis) as a means of producing designs that resemble makeup, such as eyelining and other permanent enhancing colors to the skin of the face, lips, and eyelids.

Lip

lipsupper liplower lip
Permanent makeup is a cosmetic technique which employs tattoos (permanent pigmentation of the dermis) as a means of producing designs that resemble makeup, such as eyelining and other permanent enhancing colors to the skin of the face, lips, and eyelids.

Eyelid

eyelidspalpebralpalpebra
Permanent makeup is a cosmetic technique which employs tattoos (permanent pigmentation of the dermis) as a means of producing designs that resemble makeup, such as eyelining and other permanent enhancing colors to the skin of the face, lips, and eyelids.

Eyebrow

eyebrowsbroweyebrow pencil
It is also used to produce artificial eyebrows, particularly in people who have lost them as a consequence of old age, disease, such as alopecia totalis, chemotherapy, or a genetic disturbance, and to disguise scars and white spots in the skin such as in vitiligo.

Alopecia totalis

total hair lossall the hair on the scalpAlopecia (capitis) totalis
It is also used to produce artificial eyebrows, particularly in people who have lost them as a consequence of old age, disease, such as alopecia totalis, chemotherapy, or a genetic disturbance, and to disguise scars and white spots in the skin such as in vitiligo.

Chemotherapy

chemotherapeuticantineoplasticantineoplastic agent
It is also used to produce artificial eyebrows, particularly in people who have lost them as a consequence of old age, disease, such as alopecia totalis, chemotherapy, or a genetic disturbance, and to disguise scars and white spots in the skin such as in vitiligo.

Genetics

geneticgeneticistgenetically
It is also used to produce artificial eyebrows, particularly in people who have lost them as a consequence of old age, disease, such as alopecia totalis, chemotherapy, or a genetic disturbance, and to disguise scars and white spots in the skin such as in vitiligo.

Scar

scarringscar tissuescars
It is also used to produce artificial eyebrows, particularly in people who have lost them as a consequence of old age, disease, such as alopecia totalis, chemotherapy, or a genetic disturbance, and to disguise scars and white spots in the skin such as in vitiligo.

Vitiligo

leucodermaleukodermaTrichrome vitiligo
It is also used to produce artificial eyebrows, particularly in people who have lost them as a consequence of old age, disease, such as alopecia totalis, chemotherapy, or a genetic disturbance, and to disguise scars and white spots in the skin such as in vitiligo.

Areola

areolaenipple-areola complexareolar
It is also used to restore or enhance the breast's areola, such as after breast surgery.

United States

AmericanU.S.USA
In the United States the inks used in permanent makeup are subject to approval as cosmetics by the Food and Drug Administration.

Food and Drug Administration

FDAU.S. Food and Drug AdministrationUnited States Food and Drug Administration
In the United States the inks used in permanent makeup are subject to approval as cosmetics by the Food and Drug Administration.

Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic ActFood, Drug and Cosmetic ActFederal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act
The pigments used in the inks are color additives, which are subject to pre-market approval under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.

Sutherland Macdonald

The first documented permanent makeup treatment was done by the famous U.K. tattoo artist Sutherland MacDonald in 1902 at his parlor, #76 Jermyn Str., London, "all-year-round delicate pink complexion" on the cheeks.

Photorejuvenation

laser resurfacingskin resurfacingLaser
Common techniques used for this are laser resurfacing, dermabrasion (physical or chemical exfoliation), and surgical removal.

Dermabrasion

microdermabrasiondermabraderMicroderm
Common techniques used for this are laser resurfacing, dermabrasion (physical or chemical exfoliation), and surgical removal.

Exfoliation (cosmetology)

exfoliationexfoliantexfoliating
Common techniques used for this are laser resurfacing, dermabrasion (physical or chemical exfoliation), and surgical removal.

Complication (medicine)

complicationscomplicationsurgical complication
As with tattoos, permanent makeup may have complications, such as migration, allergies to the pigments, formation of scars, granulomas and keloids, skin cracking, peeling, blistering and local infection.

Allergy

allergiesallergic reactionallergic
As with tattoos, permanent makeup may have complications, such as migration, allergies to the pigments, formation of scars, granulomas and keloids, skin cracking, peeling, blistering and local infection.

Granuloma

granulomatousgranulomasgranulomatous inflammation
As with tattoos, permanent makeup may have complications, such as migration, allergies to the pigments, formation of scars, granulomas and keloids, skin cracking, peeling, blistering and local infection.