Persian Empire

PersianPersiaPersiansIranIranianPersian heartlandAncient PersiaPersian empiresAncient PersiansIranian Empire
The Persian Empire (, translit., lit. 'Imperial Iran') refers to a series of imperial dynasties that were centred in Persia/Iran from the 6th century BC Achaemenid Empire era to the 20th century AD in the Qajar dynasty era.wikipedia
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Cyrus the Great

CyrusCyrus IIKing Cyrus
The first dynasty of the Persian Empire was created by the Achaemenids, established by Cyrus the Great in 550 BC with the conquest of the Median, Lydian and Babylonian empires.
Cyrus II of Persia ( Kūruš; Kourosh; New Persian: کوروش Kuruš; ; c. 600 – 530 BC), commonly known as Cyrus the Great, and also called Cyrus the Elder by the Greeks, was the founder of the Achaemenid Empire, the first Persian Empire.

Zoroastrianism

ZoroastrianZoroastriansZoroastrian religion
The main religion of ancient Persia was the native Zoroastrianism, but after the seventh century, it was slowly replaced by Islam.
Along with a Mithraic Median prototype and a Zurvanist Sassanid successor, it served as the state religion of the pre-Islamic Iranian empires for more than a millennium, from around 600 BCE to 650 CE.

Sultan Husayn

HusaynShah HusaynShah Sultan Husayn
Nader rose to power during a period of chaos in Iran after a rebellion by the Hotaki Pashtuns had overthrown the weak Sultan Husayn, while the arch-enemy of the Safavids, the Ottomans, as well as the Russians had seized Iranian territory for themselves.
Sultan Husayn (also known as Soltan Hosayn and Soltan Hosein), (October 1668 – November 1726) reigned 1694–1722; was a Safavid Shah of Iran (Persia).

Bahrain

Kingdom of BahrainBahreinBHR
It later quickly came to expand to include much of the rest of contemporary Iran, as well as Azerbaijan, Bahrain, and parts of Iraq and Armenia.
Following a period of Arab rule, Bahrain was occupied by the Portuguese in 1521, who in turn were expelled in 1602 by Shah Abbas I of the Safavid dynasty under the Persian Empire.

Armenia

ArmenianRepublic of ArmeniaARM
It later quickly came to expand to include much of the rest of contemporary Iran, as well as Azerbaijan, Bahrain, and parts of Iraq and Armenia.
Between the 16th and 19th centuries, the traditional Armenian homeland composed of Eastern Armenia and Western Armenia came under the rule of the Ottoman and Iranian empires, repeatedly ruled by either of the two over the centuries.

Shah

ShahanshahShahzadaShahzadi
He became so powerful that he decided to depose the last members of the Safavid dynasty, which had ruled Iran for over 200 years, and become Shah himself in 1736.
In Iran (and the Greater Iran region) the title was continuously used; rather than King in the European sense, each Persian ruler regarded himself as the Shahanshah (, "King of Kings") or Padishah (, "Master King") of the Persian Empire.

Islam

IslamicMuslimMuslims
The main religion of ancient Persia was the native Zoroastrianism, but after the seventh century, it was slowly replaced by Islam.
With the expansion of the Abbaside Caliphate into the Sasanian Empire, Islam adapted many Hellenistic and Persian concepts, imported by thinkers of Iranian or Turkic origin.

Bábism

BábíBábísBábí Faith
Many events took place during his long reign, including wars with the British Empire, the rebellion of Babis, the assassination of Amir Kabir, and the Tobacco Protest.
Founded in 1844, Bábism flourished in Persia until 1852, then lingered on in exile in the Ottoman Empire, especially Cyprus, as well as underground.

Reza Shah

Reza Shah PahlaviReza KhanRezā Shāh
With the 1921 Persian coup d'état, Reza Pahlavi took control of the country.
His defenders assert that he was an essential modernizing force for Iran (whose international prominence had sharply declined during Qajar rule), while his detractors assert that his reign was often despotic, with his failure to modernize Iran's large peasant population eventually sowing the seeds for the Iranian Revolution nearly four decades later, which ended 2,500 years of Persian monarchy.

Sasanian Empire

SassanidSasanianSassanid Empire
From 247 BC to 224 AD, Persia was ruled by the Parthian Empire, which supplanted the Hellenistic Seleucid Empire, and then by the Sassanian Empire, which ruled up until the mid-7th century.
The Sasanian Empire, officially known as the Empire of Iranians (Middle Persian: 𐭠𐭩𐭥𐭠𐭭𐭱𐭲𐭥𐭩 Ērānshahr), also called the Neo-Persian Empire by historians, was the last kingdom of the Persian Empire before the rise of Islam.

Persians

PersianIranianPersian people
Although Persis (Persia proper) was only one of the provinces of ancient Iran, varieties of this term (e.g., Persia) were adopted through Greek sources and used as an exonym for all of the Persian Empire for many years.

Romanization of Persian

romanizedtranslit.Fingilish
The Persian Empire (, translit., lit. 'Imperial Iran') refers to a series of imperial dynasties that were centred in Persia/Iran from the 6th century BC Achaemenid Empire era to the 20th century AD in the Qajar dynasty era.

Literal translation

lit.Litliterally
The Persian Empire (, translit., lit. 'Imperial Iran') refers to a series of imperial dynasties that were centred in Persia/Iran from the 6th century BC Achaemenid Empire era to the 20th century AD in the Qajar dynasty era.

Empire

imperialempiresimperial power
The Persian Empire (, translit., lit. 'Imperial Iran') refers to a series of imperial dynasties that were centred in Persia/Iran from the 6th century BC Achaemenid Empire era to the 20th century AD in the Qajar dynasty era.

Dynasty

dynasticroyal housedynasties
The Persian Empire (, translit., lit. 'Imperial Iran') refers to a series of imperial dynasties that were centred in Persia/Iran from the 6th century BC Achaemenid Empire era to the 20th century AD in the Qajar dynasty era.

Iran

PersiaIslamic Republic of IranIranian
The Persian Empire (, translit., lit. 'Imperial Iran') refers to a series of imperial dynasties that were centred in Persia/Iran from the 6th century BC Achaemenid Empire era to the 20th century AD in the Qajar dynasty era.

Achaemenid Empire

AchaemenidPersianPersian Empire
The first dynasty of the Persian Empire was created by the Achaemenids, established by Cyrus the Great in 550 BC with the conquest of the Median, Lydian and Babylonian empires. The Persian Empire (, translit., lit. 'Imperial Iran') refers to a series of imperial dynasties that were centred in Persia/Iran from the 6th century BC Achaemenid Empire era to the 20th century AD in the Qajar dynasty era.

Qajar dynasty

QajarPersiaQajars
The Persian Empire (, translit., lit. 'Imperial Iran') refers to a series of imperial dynasties that were centred in Persia/Iran from the 6th century BC Achaemenid Empire era to the 20th century AD in the Qajar dynasty era.

Medes

MediaMedianMedian Empire
The first dynasty of the Persian Empire was created by the Achaemenids, established by Cyrus the Great in 550 BC with the conquest of the Median, Lydian and Babylonian empires.

Lydia

ancient LydiaLydian EmpireMaeonia
The first dynasty of the Persian Empire was created by the Achaemenids, established by Cyrus the Great in 550 BC with the conquest of the Median, Lydian and Babylonian empires.

Babylonia

BabyloniansBabylonianBabylonian Empire
The first dynasty of the Persian Empire was created by the Achaemenids, established by Cyrus the Great in 550 BC with the conquest of the Median, Lydian and Babylonian empires.

Persepolis

Apadana PalacePersepolitanPerspolis
Persepolis, the most famous historical site related to Persian Empire in the Achaemenid era, has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1979.

World Heritage Site

UNESCO World Heritage SiteWorld HeritageWorld Heritage List
Persepolis, the most famous historical site related to Persian Empire in the Achaemenid era, has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1979.

Parthian Empire

ParthianParthiansArsacid
From 247 BC to 224 AD, Persia was ruled by the Parthian Empire, which supplanted the Hellenistic Seleucid Empire, and then by the Sassanian Empire, which ruled up until the mid-7th century.