Persian Gulf

GulfGulf regionPersian Gulf regionArabian GulfMiddle East Area of Operationsthe Gulfthe Persian GulfDoha Bay, Persian GulfGulf StatePersian
The Persian Gulf is a mediterranean sea in Western Asia.wikipedia
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Strait of Hormuz

Straits of HormuzHormuzHormuz Strait
The body of water is an extension of the Indian Ocean (Gulf of Oman) through the Strait of Hormuz and lies between Iran to the northeast and the Arabian Peninsula to the southwest. This inland sea of some 251000 km² is connected to the Gulf of Oman in the east by the Strait of Hormuz; and its western end is marked by the major river delta of the Shatt al-Arab, which carries the waters of the Euphrates and the Tigris.
The Strait of Hormuz ( Tangeh-ye Hormoz مَضيق هُرمُز‎ Maḍīq Hurmuz ) is a strait between the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman.

Indian Ocean

IndianIndoSouthern Indian Ocean
The body of water is an extension of the Indian Ocean (Gulf of Oman) through the Strait of Hormuz and lies between Iran to the northeast and the Arabian Peninsula to the southwest.
The northernmost extent of the Indian Ocean (including marginal seas) is approximately 30° north in the Persian Gulf.

Iran–Iraq War

Iran-Iraq warTanker WarIraq-Iran War
The Persian Gulf was a battlefield of the 1980–1988 Iran–Iraq War, in which each side attacked the other's oil tankers.
Iraq wanted to replace Iran as the dominant Persian Gulf state, and was worried the 1979 Iranian Revolution would lead Iraq's Shi'ite majority to rebel against the Ba'athist government.

Arabian Peninsula

ArabiaArabianArab Peninsula
The body of water is an extension of the Indian Ocean (Gulf of Oman) through the Strait of Hormuz and lies between Iran to the northeast and the Arabian Peninsula to the southwest.
The peninsula formed as a result of the rifting of the Red Sea between 56 and 23 million years ago, and is bordered by the Red Sea to the west and southwest, the Persian Gulf to the northeast, the Levant to the north and the Indian Ocean to the southeast.

Kuwait

State of KuwaitKuwaitiKWT
It is the namesake of the 1991 Gulf War, the largely air- and land-based conflict that followed Iraq's invasion of Kuwait. Countries with a coastline on the Persian Gulf are (clockwise, from the north): Iran; Oman's Musandam exclave; the United Arab Emirates; Saudi Arabia; Qatar, on a peninsula off the Saudi coast; Bahrain, on an island; Kuwait; and Iraq in the northwest.
Situated in the northern edge of Eastern Arabia at the tip of the Persian Gulf, it shares borders with Iraq and Saudi Arabia.

Iraq

Republic of IraqIraqiIrak
It is the namesake of the 1991 Gulf War, the largely air- and land-based conflict that followed Iraq's invasion of Kuwait. Countries with a coastline on the Persian Gulf are (clockwise, from the north): Iran; Oman's Musandam exclave; the United Arab Emirates; Saudi Arabia; Qatar, on a peninsula off the Saudi coast; Bahrain, on an island; Kuwait; and Iraq in the northwest. The oil-rich countries (excluding Iraq) that have a coastline on the Persian Gulf are referred to as the Persian Gulf States.
Iraq has a coastline measuring 58 km on the northern Persian Gulf and encompasses the Mesopotamian Alluvial Plain, the northwestern end of the Zagros mountain range and the eastern part of the Syrian Desert.

Gulf of Oman

Sea of OmanOmanOman Sea
The body of water is an extension of the Indian Ocean (Gulf of Oman) through the Strait of Hormuz and lies between Iran to the northeast and the Arabian Peninsula to the southwest. This inland sea of some 251000 km² is connected to the Gulf of Oman in the east by the Strait of Hormuz; and its western end is marked by the major river delta of the Shatt al-Arab, which carries the waters of the Euphrates and the Tigris.
The Gulf of Oman or Sea of Oman (خَلِيج عُمَان khalīj ʿumān; daryâ-ye omân) is a gulf that connects the Arabian Sea with the Strait of Hormuz, which then runs to the Persian Gulf.

Persian Gulf Basin

The Persian Gulf is in the Persian Gulf Basin, which is of Cenozoic origin and related to the subduction of the Arabian Plate under the Zagros Mountains.
The Persian Gulf Basin, is found between the Eurasian and the Arabian Plates.

Western Asia

West AsiaSouthwest AsiaWest Asian
The Persian Gulf is a mediterranean sea in Western Asia.
The region is surrounded by seven major seas; the Aegean Sea, the Black Sea, the Caspian Sea, the Persian Gulf, the Arabian Sea, the Red Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea.

Zagros Mountains

ZagrosZagros mountainZagros Mountains forest steppe
The Persian Gulf is in the Persian Gulf Basin, which is of Cenozoic origin and related to the subduction of the Arabian Plate under the Zagros Mountains.
From this border region, the range roughly follows Iran's coast on the Persian Gulf.

Oman

Sultanate of OmanOmaniOmani Empire
Countries with a coastline on the Persian Gulf are (clockwise, from the north): Iran; Oman's Musandam exclave; the United Arab Emirates; Saudi Arabia; Qatar, on a peninsula off the Saudi coast; Bahrain, on an island; Kuwait; and Iraq in the northwest.
Holding a strategically important position at the mouth of the Persian Gulf, the country shares land borders with the United Arab Emirates to the northwest, Saudi Arabia to the west, and Yemen to the southwest, and shares marine borders with Iran and Pakistan.

Euphrates

Euphrates RiverRiver EuphratesFırat River
This inland sea of some 251000 km² is connected to the Gulf of Oman in the east by the Strait of Hormuz; and its western end is marked by the major river delta of the Shatt al-Arab, which carries the waters of the Euphrates and the Tigris.
Originating in the Armenian Highlands (eastern Turkey), the Euphrates flows through Syria and Iraq to join the Tigris in the Shatt al-Arab, which empties into the Persian Gulf.

Saudi Arabia

SaudiKingdom of Saudi ArabiaKSA
Its length is 989 km, with Iran covering most of the northern coast and Saudi Arabia most of the southern coast.
It is the only nation with both a Red Sea coast and a Persian Gulf coast, and most of its terrain consists of arid desert, lowland and mountains.

United Arab Emirates

UAEEmiratiUnited Arab Emirates (UAE)
Countries with a coastline on the Persian Gulf are (clockwise, from the north): Iran; Oman's Musandam exclave; the United Arab Emirates; Saudi Arabia; Qatar, on a peninsula off the Saudi coast; Bahrain, on an island; Kuwait; and Iraq in the northwest.
The United Arab Emirates (UAE; الإمارات العربية المتحدة '), sometimes simply called the Emirates, is a country in Western Asia at the southeast end of the Arabian Peninsula on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman to the east and Saudi Arabia to the south and west, as well as sharing maritime borders with Qatar to the west and Iran to the north.

Bahrain

Kingdom of BahrainBahreinBHR
Countries with a coastline on the Persian Gulf are (clockwise, from the north): Iran; Oman's Musandam exclave; the United Arab Emirates; Saudi Arabia; Qatar, on a peninsula off the Saudi coast; Bahrain, on an island; Kuwait; and Iraq in the northwest.
Bahrain, officially the Kingdom of Bahrain, is an island country in the Persian Gulf.

Qatar

QatariState of QatarQAT
Countries with a coastline on the Persian Gulf are (clockwise, from the north): Iran; Oman's Musandam exclave; the United Arab Emirates; Saudi Arabia; Qatar, on a peninsula off the Saudi coast; Bahrain, on an island; Kuwait; and Iraq in the northwest.
Its sole land border is with neighbouring Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) monarchy Saudi Arabia to the south, with the rest of its territory surrounded by the Persian Gulf.

Territorial disputes in the Persian Gulf

disputed Persian Gulf Islandslong-running disputeQatar v. Bahrain case
Various small islands also lie within the Persian Gulf, some of which are the subject of territorial disputes between the states of the region.
This article deals with territorial disputes between states of in and around the Persian Gulf in Southwestern Asia.

Arab states of the Persian Gulf

Gulf StatesPersian Gulf statesPersian Gulf countries
The oil-rich countries (excluding Iraq) that have a coastline on the Persian Gulf are referred to as the Persian Gulf States.
The Arab states of the Persian Gulf are the seven Arab states which border the Persian Gulf, namely Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE).

Oil spill

oil slickoil spillsoil pollution
The Persian Gulf has many fishing grounds, extensive reefs (mostly rocky, but also coral), and abundant pearl oysters, but its ecology has been damaged by industrialization and oil spills.

Musandam Governorate

MusandamRas MusandamMusandam Peninsula
Countries with a coastline on the Persian Gulf are (clockwise, from the north): Iran; Oman's Musandam exclave; the United Arab Emirates; Saudi Arabia; Qatar, on a peninsula off the Saudi coast; Bahrain, on an island; Kuwait; and Iraq in the northwest.
With the exception of the exclave of Madha, it is located on the Musandam Peninsula, which juts into the Strait of Hormuz, the narrow entry into the Persian Gulf, from the Arabian Peninsula.

Iranian Plateau

Persian PlateauIranCentral Iranian Plateau
In 550 BC, the Achaemenid Empire established the first ancient empire in Persis (Pars, or modern Fars), in the southwestern region of the Iranian plateau.
It is the part of the Eurasian Plate wedged between the Arabian and Indian plates, situated between the Zagros Mountains to the west, the Caspian Sea and the Kopet Dag to the north, the Armenian Highlands and the Caucasus Mountains in the northwest, the Strait of Hormuz and Persian Gulf to the south and the Indo-Gangetic plains to the east in Pakistan.

Gulf War

Operation Desert StormPersian Gulf WarOperation Desert Shield
It is the namesake of the 1991 Gulf War, the largely air- and land-based conflict that followed Iraq's invasion of Kuwait.
The sorties were launched mostly from Saudi Arabia and the six carrier battle groups (CVBG) in the Persian Gulf and Red Sea.

Coral reef

coral reefsbarrier reefreef
The Persian Gulf has many fishing grounds, extensive reefs (mostly rocky, but also coral), and abundant pearl oysters, but its ecology has been damaged by industrialization and oil spills.
Tropical corals do not grow at depths of over 50 m. The optimum temperature for most coral reefs is 26 –, and few reefs exist in waters below 18 C. However, reefs in the Persian Gulf have adapted to temperatures of 13 C in winter and 38 C in summer.

Iran

PersiaIslamic Republic of IranIranian
The body of water is an extension of the Indian Ocean (Gulf of Oman) through the Strait of Hormuz and lies between Iran to the northeast and the Arabian Peninsula to the southwest. Its length is 989 km, with Iran covering most of the northern coast and Saudi Arabia most of the southern coast.
Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq.

Mediterranean sea (oceanography)

mediterranean seamediterranean seasdilution basin
The Persian Gulf is a mediterranean sea in Western Asia.