Persian embassy to Louis XIV

embassy to Louis XIVan embassyIranian embassy to Louis XIVPersian embassy
The Persian embassy to Louis XIV caused a dramatic flurry at the court of Louis XIV in 1715, the year of the Sun King's death.wikipedia
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Mohammad Reza Beg

Mohammed Reza Beg
Mohammed Reza Beg, or in French sources Méhémet Riza Beg, was a high-ranking official to the Persian governor of the Yerevan province (Armenia). During several months that he spent at Versailles, Mohammed Reza Beg conducted negotiations towards establishing trade treaties between Persia and France, as well as on specific agreements concerning the installation of consulates.
He led the embassy to Louis XIV of 1715.

Louis XIV of France

Louis XIVKing Louis XIVKing Louis XIV of France
The Persian embassy to Louis XIV caused a dramatic flurry at the court of Louis XIV in 1715, the year of the Sun King's death.
In 1699, Louis once again received a Moroccan ambassador, Abdallah bin Aisha, and in 1715, he received a Persian embassy led by Mohammad Reza Beg.

Erivan Province (Safavid Empire)

Erivan ProvinceErivanYerevan Province
Mohammed Reza Beg, or in French sources Méhémet Riza Beg, was a high-ranking official to the Persian governor of the Yerevan province (Armenia).
In 1714, the mayor (kalantar) of the provincial capital, Mohammad Reza Beg, was appointed as the new ambassador to France, and led the embassy to Louis XIV of 1715.

Hagopdjan de Deritchan

As another result of the diplomatic mission, a permanent Persian consulate was established in Marseille, the main French Mediterranean port for the trade with the East, soon staffed by Hagopdjan de Deritchan.
In 1714, the then incumbent king (shah) of Safavid Iran, Sultan Husayn, decided to send to Louis XIV an embassy for the purpose of signing a diplomatic and trade treaty between the two nations.

Franco-Persian alliance

France-Persian Alliance
Later however, France developed relations with Iran and signed treaties in 1708 and 1715 with the visit of an Iranian embassy to Louis XIV, but these relations ceased in 1722 with the fall of the Safavid dynasty and the invasion of Iran by the Afghans.

France–Iran relations

France-Iran relationsIran-France relationsEPF
Wishing to reinforce exchanges, the Shah sent an embassy in 1715, led by Mohammad Reza Beg, the Persian embassy to Louis XIV.

Persian Letters

Lettres persanes
More permanent literary results were embodied in Montesquieu's Lettres Persanes (1725), in which a satiric critique of French society was placed in the pen of an imagined Persian homme de bonne volonté, a "man of good will".

Persian embassy to Europe (1599–1602)

first diplomatic mission to Europe1599–1602 Persian embassy to EuropeA Persian embassy
A Persian embassy to Louis XIV occurred in 1715.

Persian embassy to Europe (1609–15)

Persian embassy to Europe (1609–1615)second diplomatic mission to Europeand embassies

Armenia

ArmenianRepublic of ArmeniaARM
Mohammed Reza Beg, or in French sources Méhémet Riza Beg, was a high-ranking official to the Persian governor of the Yerevan province (Armenia).

Safavid dynasty

SafavidSafavid EmpireSafavids
He had been chosen by the Safavid Persian emperor Sultan Husayn for the mission and travelled with a grand entourage, as suitable to the diplomat of a mighty empire.

Sultan Husayn

HusaynShah HusaynShah Sultan Husayn
He had been chosen by the Safavid Persian emperor Sultan Husayn for the mission and travelled with a grand entourage, as suitable to the diplomat of a mighty empire.

François Pidou de Saint Olon

François Pidou de Saint-OlonPidou de Saint Olon
The scene of the Persian ambassador's entry into Paris, 7 February 1715, was described by François Pidou de Saint-Olon (1646–1720), a nobleman who was delegated the diplomatic position of liaison officer to the Persian delegation:

Palace of Versailles

VersaillesChâteau de VersaillesChateau de Versailles
During several months that he spent at Versailles, Mohammed Reza Beg conducted negotiations towards establishing trade treaties between Persia and France, as well as on specific agreements concerning the installation of consulates.

Ottoman Empire

OttomanOttomansTurks
He conferred with the French on possible joint military operations against the Ottoman Empire.

Marseille

MarseillesMarseille, FranceMassilia
As another result of the diplomatic mission, a permanent Persian consulate was established in Marseille, the main French Mediterranean port for the trade with the East, soon staffed by Hagopdjan de Deritchan.

Paris

Paris, FranceParísParisian
During the time he spent in Paris, however, feverish speculation ran rife about this exotic personage, his unpaid bills, his lavish but exotic lifestyle, the possibilities of amours, all concentrated in a pot-boiler romance of the beautiful but repeatedly kidnapped Georgian, Amanzolide, by M. d'Hostelfort, Amanzolide, nouvelle historique et galante, qui contient les aventures secrètes de Mehemed-Riza-Beg, ambassadeur du Sophi de Perse à la cour de Louis le Grand en 1715.

Turquerie

Turkisha contemporary interestpersane
It was quickly translated into English, as Amanzolide, story of the life, the amours and the secret adventures of Mehemed-Riza-Beg, Persian ambassador to the court of Louis the Great in 1715 a true turquerie, or fanciful Eastern imagining, which did not discriminate too finely between Ottoman Turkey and Safavid Persia.

Montesquieu

Charles de Secondat, baron de MontesquieuBaron de MontesquieuCharles de Montesquieu
More permanent literary results were embodied in Montesquieu's Lettres Persanes (1725), in which a satiric critique of French society was placed in the pen of an imagined Persian homme de bonne volonté, a "man of good will".

Louis de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon

Saint-SimonDuc de Saint-SimonDuke of Saint-Simon
The Memoirs of Saint-Simon for the year record contemporary court gossip that the ambassador was in fact an ordinary merchant from Persian lands, perhaps sent by "the governor of his province with business to transact in France" and put up as an ambassador by Pontchartrain, minister for trade and much else, essentially in a successful attempt to cheer up the aged king.

Louis Phélypeaux, comte de Pontchartrain

Louis PhélypeauxPontchartraincomte de Pontchartrain
The Memoirs of Saint-Simon for the year record contemporary court gossip that the ambassador was in fact an ordinary merchant from Persian lands, perhaps sent by "the governor of his province with business to transact in France" and put up as an ambassador by Pontchartrain, minister for trade and much else, essentially in a successful attempt to cheer up the aged king.

Philippe II, Duke of Orléans

Philippe d'OrléansDuke of OrléansRegent
Months before the death of Louis XIV, Philippe was present at the Persian embassy to Louis XIV.