Personal computer

PCPCspersonal computerscomputerpersonal computingcomputerspersonalhome computersdesktopdesktop computers
A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.wikipedia
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Computer

computerscomputer systemdigital computer
A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.
This includes simple special purpose devices like microwave ovens and remote controls, factory devices such as industrial robots and computer-aided design, and also general purpose devices like personal computers and mobile devices such as smartphones.

Microsoft

Microsoft CorporationMSMicrosoft Corp.
Since the early 1990s, Microsoft operating systems and Intel hardware have dominated much of the personal computer market, first with MS-DOS and then with Windows.
It develops, manufactures, licenses, supports and sells computer software, consumer electronics, personal computers, and related services.

MS-DOS

DOSPCMicrosoft DOS
Since the early 1990s, Microsoft operating systems and Intel hardware have dominated much of the personal computer market, first with MS-DOS and then with Windows.
MS-DOS (acronym for Microsoft Disk Operating System) is an operating system for x86-based personal computers mostly developed by Microsoft.

Mainframe computer

mainframemainframesmainframe computers
Computer time-sharing models that were typically used with larger, more expensive minicomputer and mainframe systems, to enable them be used by many people at the same time, are not used with PCs.
They are larger and have more processing power than some other classes of computers: minicomputers, servers, workstations, and personal computers.

Macintosh

MacApple MacintoshMacs
For example, "PC" is used in contrast with "Mac", an Apple Macintosh computer.
The Macintosh (pronounced as ; branded as Mac since 1998) is a family of personal computers designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Inc. since January 1984.

Wintel

PCdominated much of the personal computer marketIntel-based computers
Since the early 1990s, Microsoft operating systems and Intel hardware have dominated much of the personal computer market, first with MS-DOS and then with Windows.
Wintel is a portmanteau of Windows and Intel, referring to personal computers using Intel x86-compatible processors running Microsoft Windows.

Intel

Intel CorporationIntel Corp. Intel Corporation
Since the early 1990s, Microsoft operating systems and Intel hardware have dominated much of the personal computer market, first with MS-DOS and then with Windows.
Although Intel created the world's first commercial microprocessor chip in 1971, it was not until the success of the personal computer (PC) that this became its primary business.

Get a Mac

advertisements for Appleadvertisingcomparing
This sense of the word is used in the "Get a Mac" advertisement campaign that ran between 2006 and 2009, as well as its rival, I'm a PC campaign, that appeared in 2008.
They open to a minimalist all-white background, and a man dressed in casual clothes introduces himself as a Macintosh computer ("Hello, I'm a Mac."), while a man in a more formal suit-and-tie combination introduces himself as a Microsoft Windows personal computer ("And I'm a PC.").

Time-sharing

timesharingtime sharingtime-sharing system
Computer time-sharing models that were typically used with larger, more expensive minicomputer and mainframe systems, to enable them be used by many people at the same time, are not used with PCs.
Generally, computer terminals were utilized on college properties in much the same places as desktop computers or personal computers are found today.

MIR (computer)

MIRMIR computerMir-1
The Soviet MIR series of computers was developed from 1965 to 1969 in a group headed by Victor Glushkov.
The MIR series of early Soviet personal computers was developed from 1965 (MIR), 1968 (MIR-1) to 1969 (MIR-2) in a group headed by Victor Glushkov.

IBM Personal Computer

IBM PCPCPCs
The IBM Personal Computer incorporated the designation in its model name, but IBM has not used this brand for many years. The CPU design implemented in the Datapoint 2200 became the basis for x86 architecture used in the original IBM PC and its descendants.
The generic term "personal computer" ("PC") was in use years before 1981, applied as early as 1972 to the Xerox PARC's Alto, but because of the success of the IBM Personal Computer, the term "PC" came to also mean more specifically a desktop microcomputer compatible with IBM's Personal Computer branded products.

Microcomputer

microcomputersmicrocomputingmicro-computer
Early personal computersgenerally called microcomputerswere often sold in a kit form and in limited volumes, and were of interest mostly to hobbyists and technicians.
Many microcomputers (when equipped with a keyboard and screen for input and output) are also personal computers (in the generic sense).

X86

x86 architectureIntel x8680x86
The CPU design implemented in the Datapoint 2200 became the basis for x86 architecture used in the original IBM PC and its descendants.
As of 2018, the majority of personal computers and laptops sold are based on the x86 architecture, while other categories—especially high-volume mobile categories such as smartphones or tablets—are dominated by ARM; at the high end, x86 continues to dominate compute-intensive workstation and cloud computing segments.

IBM

International Business MachinesIBM CorporationInternational Business Machines Corporation
In 1973, the IBM Los Gatos Scientific Center developed a portable computer prototype called SCAMP (Special Computer APL Machine Portable) based on the IBM PALM processor with a Philips compact cassette drive, small CRT, and full function keyboard.
This includes spinning off printer manufacturer Lexmark in 1991 and the sale of personal computer (ThinkPad/ThinkCentre) and x86-based server businesses to Lenovo (in 2005 and 2014, respectively), and acquiring companies such as PwC Consulting (2002), SPSS (2009), The Weather Company (2016), and Red Hat (2018).

LINC

computer system
By the early 1970s, people in academic or research institutions had the opportunity for single-person use of a computer system in interactive mode for extended durations, although these systems would still have been too expensive to be owned by a single person.
The LINC is considered the first minicomputer and a forerunner to the personal computer.

Xerox Alto

AltoAlto OSXerox Alto desktop
A seminal step in personal computing was the 1973 Xerox Alto, developed at Xerox's Palo Alto Research Center (PARC).
Each machine cost tens of thousands of dollars despite its status as a personal computer.

Micral

Micral N
Micral N was the earliest commercial, non-kit microcomputer based on a microprocessor, the Intel 8008.
In 1986, three judges at The Computer Museum, Boston – Apple II designer and Apple Inc. co-founder Steve Wozniak, early MITS employee and PC World publisher David Bunnell, and the museum's associate director and curator Oliver Strimpel – awarded the title of "first personal computer using a microprocessor" to the 1973 Micral.

Microsoft Windows

WindowsPCWin
Since the early 1990s, Microsoft operating systems and Intel hardware have dominated much of the personal computer market, first with MS-DOS and then with Windows.
Microsoft Windows came to dominate the world's personal computer (PC) market with over 90% market share, overtaking Mac OS, which had been introduced in 1984.

Apple Inc.

AppleApple ComputerApple Computer, Inc.
These include Apple's macOS and free and open-source Unix-like operating systems such as Linux.
Apple would achieve widespread success with its iPhone, iPod Touch and iPad products, which introduced innovations in mobile phones, portable music players and personal computers respectively.

Datapoint 2200

Datapoint 2200 Version II
This had been preceded by the Datapoint 2200 in 1970, for which the Intel 8008 had been commissioned, though not accepted for use.
Its industrial designer John "Jack" Frassanito has later claimed that Ray and Roche always intended the Datapoint 2200 to be a full-blown personal computer, but that they chose to keep quiet about this so as not to concern investors and others.

Commodore PET

PETCommodore PET/CBMPET 2001
The first successfully mass marketed personal computer to be announced was the Commodore PET after being revealed in January 1977.
The Commodore PET (Personal Electronic Transactor) is a line of home/personal computers produced starting in 1977 by Commodore International.

Xerox

Xerox CorporationHaloid CompanyXerox Corp.
A seminal step in personal computing was the 1973 Xerox Alto, developed at Xerox's Palo Alto Research Center (PARC).
Researchers at Xerox and its Palo Alto Research Center invented several important elements of personal computing, such as the desktop metaphor GUI, the computer mouse and desktop computing.

PARC (company)

Xerox PARCPARCPalo Alto Research Center
A seminal step in personal computing was the 1973 Xerox Alto, developed at Xerox's Palo Alto Research Center (PARC).
Founded by Jacob E. "Jack" Goldman, Xerox Corporation's chief scientist, in 1970, Xerox PARC has been in large part responsible for such developments as laser printing, Ethernet, the modern personal computer, graphical user interface (GUI) and desktop paradigm, object-oriented programming, ubiquitous computing, electronic paper, amorphous silicon (a-Si) applications, and advancing very-large-scale integration (VLSI) for semiconductors.

Amiga 1000

A1000Commodore Amiga 10001000
Another famous personal computer, the revolutionary Amiga 1000, was unveiled by Commodore on July 23, 1985.
The Commodore Amiga 1000, also known as the A1000 and originally simply as the Amiga, is the first personal computer released by Commodore International in the Amiga line.

Paul Terrell

the Byte ShopByte Shop
At the request of Paul Terrell, owner of the Byte Shop, Jobs and Wozniak were given their first purchase order, for 50 Apple I computers, only if the computers were assembled and tested and not a kit computer.
In December 1975 he founded The Byte Shop, one of the first personal computer retailers.