Personality psychology

personalitypersonalitiespersonality theorypersonality geneticspersonality psychologistPersonologypersonality theoriestheory of personalitycharacterpersonality traits
Personality psychology is a branch of psychology that studies personality and its variation among individuals.wikipedia
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Psychology

psychologicalpsychologistpsychologists
Personality psychology is a branch of psychology that studies personality and its variation among individuals.
Psychologists explore behavior and mental processes, including perception, cognition, attention, emotion, intelligence, subjective experiences, motivation, brain functioning, and personality.

Emotion

emotionsemotionalemotional state
"Personality" is an organized set of characteristics possessed by a person that uniquely influences their environment, cognition, emotions, motivations, and behaviors in various situations. Albert Bandura, a social learning theorist suggested the forces of memory and emotions worked in conjunction with environmental influences.
Emotion is often intertwined with mood, temperament, personality, disposition, and motivation.

Personality

personalitieshuman personalitypersonal characteristics
Personality psychology is a branch of psychology that studies personality and its variation among individuals.
The study of the psychology of personality, called personality psychology, attempts to explain the tendencies that underlie differences in behavior.

Extraversion and introversion

extraversionintrovertintroverted
Nomothetic psychology seeks general laws that can be applied to many different people, such as the principle of self-actualization or the trait of extraversion.
The traits of extraversion (or extroversion) and introversion are a central dimension in some human personality theories.

Gordon Allport

Gordon W. AllportAllportBecoming
Gordon Allport (1937) described two major ways to study personality: the nomothetic and the idiographic.
Allport was one of the first psychologists to focus on the study of the personality, and is often referred to as one of the founding figures of personality psychology.

Trait theory

personality traitpersonality traitstraits
Personality types are distinguished from personality traits, which come in different degrees.
In psychology, trait theory (also called dispositional theory) is an approach to the study of human personality.

Self-concept

self-identityself-identificationego
Personality also refers to the pattern of thoughts, feelings, social adjustments, and behaviors consistently exhibited over time that strongly influences one's expectations, self-perceptions, values, and attitudes.
Features such as personality, skills and abilities, occupation and hobbies, physical characteristics, etc. are assessed and applied to self-schemas, which are ideas of oneself in a particular dimension (e.g., someone that considers themselves a geek will associate "geek-like" qualities to themselves).

Attitude (psychology)

attitudeattitudessocial attitude
Personality also refers to the pattern of thoughts, feelings, social adjustments, and behaviors consistently exhibited over time that strongly influences one's expectations, self-perceptions, values, and attitudes.
Unlike personality, attitudes are expected to change as a function of experience.

Buddhist personality types

personality typespersonality typology
Perhaps the most ancient attempt at personality psychology is the personality typology outlined by the Indian Buddhist Abhidharma schools.
The development of a Personality psychology was important to the Abhidharmikas who sought to adapt Buddhist teachings and practice to each personality type so as to better lead persons to nirvana by purifying their minds of their mental defilements.

Alfred Adler

AdlerAdlerianAdler, Alfred
One of Sigmund Freud's earlier associates, Alfred Adler, did agree with Freud that early childhood experiences are important to development and believed birth order may influence personality development.
Following Adler's break from Freud, he enjoyed considerable success and celebrity in building an independent school of psychotherapy and a unique personality theory.

Albert Bandura

BanduraBandura, Albert
Albert Bandura, a social learning theorist suggested the forces of memory and emotions worked in conjunction with environmental influences.
Bandura has been responsible for contributions to the field of education and to several fields of psychology, including social cognitive theory, therapy, and personality psychology, and was also of influence in the transition between behaviorism and cognitive psychology.

Walter Mischel

Mischel
Walter Mischel (1999) has also defended a cognitive approach to personality.
Walter Mischel (February 22, 1930 – September 12, 2018) was an Austrian-born American psychologist specializing in personality theory and social psychology.

Carl Jung

JungCarl Gustav JungC. G. Jung
The idea of psychological types originated in the theoretical work of Carl Jung, specifically in his 1921 book Psychologische Typen (Psychological Types) and William Marston.
The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), a popular psychometric instrument, and the concepts of socionics were developed from Jung's theory of psychological types.

Karen Horney

HorneyK.HorneyKaren Danielsan
Another important figure in the world of personality theory is Karen Horney.
It was while living in Brooklyn that Horney developed and advanced her composite theories regarding neurosis and personality, based on experiences gained from working in psychotherapy.

Personality type

personalitytypologypersonality types
Personality type refers to the psychological classification of different types of people.

Repertory grid

rep grid test
The repertory grid was later adapted for various uses within organizations, including decision-making and interpretation of other people's world-views.
It was devised by George Kelly in around 1955 and is based on his personal construct theory of personality.

Cognitive-experiential self-theory

Experiential thinking
Cognitive-Experiential Self-Theory (CEST) is another cognitive personality theory.
Several studies have confirmed that the REI is a reliable measure of individual difference in information processing, and that the two independent thinking styles measured account for a substantial amount of variance that is not addressed by other personality theories such as the five factor model.

Thematic apperception test

TATThematic Apperception testsThe Thematic Apperception Test
Examples of such tests include the Rorschach test and the Thematic Apperception Test.
She reported that when her son was ill, he spent the day making up stories about images in magazines and she asked Murray if pictures could be employed in a clinical setting to explore the underlying dynamics of personality.

David Keirsey

D. KeirseyDavid W. KeirseyDavid West Keirsey
This model was later used by David Keirsey with a different understanding from Jung, Briggs and Myers.

George Kelly (psychologist)

George KellyGeorge Alexander Kelly
Personal construct psychology (PCP) is a theory of personality developed by the American psychologist George Kelly in the 1950s.
It is also at OSU that Kelly developed his major contribution to the psychology of personality.

Rorschach test

Rorschach inkblot testRorschachinkblot
Examples of such tests include the Rorschach test and the Thematic Apperception Test.
The general goal of the test is to provide data about cognition and personality variables such as motivations, response tendencies, cognitive operations, affectivity, and personal/interpersonal perceptions.

Differential psychology

individual differencesIndividual differences psychologyindividual difference
Individual differences research typically includes personality, temperament (neuro-chemically-based behavioural traits), motivation, intelligence, ability, IQ, interests, values, self-concept, self-efficacy, and self-esteem (to name just a few).

Journal of Individual Differences

The Journal of Individual Differences is an academic journal covering personality psychology published by Hogrefe Publishing.

Enneagram of Personality

enneagramAchievercontexts that do not include other elements of Fourth Way teaching
The Enneagram of Personality, a model of human personality which is principally used as a typology of nine interconnected personality types.