Pesticide application

applicationsprayingResponsible usespray applicationpesticideequipment for applyingpesticide uses
Pesticide application refers to the practical way in which pesticides, (including herbicides, fungicides, insecticides, or nematode control agents) are delivered to their biological targets (e.g. pest organism, crop or other plant).wikipedia
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Pesticide application refers to the practical way in which pesticides, (including herbicides, fungicides, insecticides, or nematode control agents) are delivered to their biological targets (e.g. pest organism, crop or other plant).
Efficacy can be related to the quality of pesticide application, with small droplets, such as aerosols often improving performance.

Pesticide drift

spray driftdrift of pesticideherbicide drift
Large droplets have the advantage of being less susceptible to spray drift, but require more water per unit of land covered.
Pesticide drift refers to the unintentional diffusion of pesticides and the potential negative effects of pesticide application, including off-target contamination due to spray drift as well as runoff from plants or soil.This can lead to damage in human health, environmental contamination, and property damage.

Ultra-low volume

By controlling droplet size, ultra-low volume (ULV) or very low volume (VLV) application rates of pesticidal mixtures can achieve similar (or sometimes better) biological results by improved timing and dose-transfer to the biological target (i.e. pest).
The term ultra-low volume (ULV) (spraying) is used in the context of pesticide application.

Drop (liquid)

In order to better understand the cause of the spray inefficiency, it is useful to reflect on the implications of the large range of droplet sizes produced by typical (hydraulic) spray nozzles.
In spray application, droplets are usually described by their perceived size (i.e., diameter) whereas the dose (or number of infective particles in the case of biopesticides) is a function of their volume.


sprayhigh-pressure sprayerssprayed
One of the most common forms of pesticide application, especially in conventional agriculture, is the use of mechanical sprayers.
Pesticide application

Spray nozzle

hydraulic nozzles
This conversion is accomplished by forcing the spray mixture through a spray nozzle under pressure.
Pesticide application

Integrated pest management

IPMgreen pesticideeconomic levels
Integrated pest management (IPM)
Responsible use—Synthetic pesticides are used as required and often only at specific times in a pest's life cycle. Many newer pesticides are derived from plants or naturally occurring substances (e.g.—nicotine, pyrethrum and insect juvenile hormone analogues), but the toxophore or active component may be altered to provide increased biological activity or stability. Applications of pesticides must reach their intended targets. Matching the application technique to the crop, the pest, and the pesticide is critical. The use of low-volume spray equipment reduces overall pesticide use and labor cost.

Aerial application

crop dustingcrop dustercropduster
Related to this, aerial pesticide application is a method of top dressing a pesticide to an emerged crop which eliminates physical contact with soil and crops.
Pesticide application

Pest (organism)

pestpestsagricultural pest
Pesticide application refers to the practical way in which pesticides, (including herbicides, fungicides, insecticides, or nematode control agents) are delivered to their biological targets (e.g. pest organism, crop or other plant).
Pesticide application

Weed control

weedingweedweed management
Weed control
Pesticide application


International Pesticide Application Research Consortium
The International Pesticide Application Research Consortium (IPARC), previously the International Pesticide Application Research Centre and before that the Overseas Spray Machinery Centre (OSMC), has focused on pesticide application methods appropriate for smallholder farmers since 1955.

Bird migration perils

migration hazardsmillions of birds are killed yearlykill many birds
Anthropogenic reasons for this include deforestation and habitat loss, hunting, pesticide uses, urbanization and climate change.

Agricultural robot

agricultureautonomous field robot
Robots can be used for other horticultural tasks such as pruning, weeding, spraying and monitoring.


Green Muscle
As most locust control is carried out using oil formulations at ultra-low volume (ULV) rates of application, developing an oil formulation of fungal spores enabled operators to use the same equipment for applying a chemical pesticide and maximise efficacy.

Sustainable living

sustainable lifestylesustainablegreen lifestyle
Industrial agriculture systems typically require heavy irrigation, extensive pesticide and fertilizer application, intensive tillage, concentrated monoculture production, and other continual inputs.


The Vero V6A is an agriculture drone designed to be used for pesticide application.

Health effects of pesticides

pesticidesnegative health effectseffects of pesticides on human health
The EPA sets the tolerances based on the toxicity of the pesticide and its breakdown products, the amount and frequency of pesticide application, and how much of the pesticide (i.e., the residue) remains in or on food by the time it is marketed and prepared.

Desert locust

locustpink locustslocusts
However, the LUBILOSA Programme found a way to avoid this by spraying fungal spores in an oil formulation.


biological pesticidebiological insecticidebiological pesticides
With all pest management products, but especially microbial agents, effective control requires appropriate formulation and application.

Spray bottle

mistersplastic sprayersquirt bottle
Pesticide application

Metarhizium acridum

M. acridum
Various research groups, including the international LUBILOSA programme (which developed the product 'Green Muscle') have identified and addressed key technical challenges for exploitation of microbial control agents, including isolate selection, mass production, and delivery systems (formulation and application).


Controlled droplet application, a concept for improving the efficiency of pesticide application

Plant pathology

plant pathologistplant pathogenplant pathogens
Chemical: (See: pesticide application) Many natural and synthetic compounds can be employed to combat the above threats. This method works by directly eliminating disease-causing organisms or curbing their spread; however, it has been shown to have too broad an effect, typically, to be good for the local ecosystem. From an economic standpoint, all but the simplest natural additives may disqualify a product from "organic" status, potentially reducing the value of the yield.

Spray (liquid drop)

See aerial application, pesticide application, sprayer.