Pet

petscompanion animalscompanion animalcompanionpet animalscompanionscompanionshipdomesticated petshouse petAnimal
A pet, or companion animal, is an animal kept primarily for a person's company, entertainment or as an act of compassion such as taking in and protecting a stray cat, rather than as a working animal, livestock or laboratory animal.wikipedia
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Working animal

draught animaldraft animalanimal power
A pet, or companion animal, is an animal kept primarily for a person's company, entertainment or as an act of compassion such as taking in and protecting a stray cat, rather than as a working animal, livestock or laboratory animal.
They may be pets or close to pets, such as guide dogs or other assistance dogs, or they may be animals trained to provide tractive force, such as draft horses or logging elephants.

Human interaction with cats

Therapy catailurophileclose relationship with cats
The technical term for a cat lover is an ailurophile, and for a dog lover, a cynophile.
Hundreds of millions of cats are kept as pets around the world.

Dog

Canis lupus familiarisdogsdomestic dog
Two of the most popular pets are dogs and cats.
They perform many roles for humans, such as hunting, herding, pulling loads, protection, assisting police and military, companionship and, more recently, aiding disabled people and therapeutic roles.

Animal

Animaliaanimalsmetazoa
A pet, or companion animal, is an animal kept primarily for a person's company, entertainment or as an act of compassion such as taking in and protecting a stray cat, rather than as a working animal, livestock or laboratory animal.
Humans make use of many other animal species for food, including meat, milk, and eggs; for materials, such as leather and wool; as pets; and as working animals for power and transport.

Guinea pig

guinea pigsCavia porcelluscuy
Other animals commonly kept include: rabbits; ferrets; pigs; rodents, such as gerbils, hamsters, chinchillas, rats, and guinea pigs; avian pets, such as parrots, passerines and fowls; reptile pets, such as turtles, alligators, crocodiles, lizards, and snakes; aquatic pets, such as fish, freshwater and saltwater snails, amphibians like frogs and salamanders; and arthropod pets, such as tarantulas and hermit crabs.
In Western society, the domestic guinea pig has enjoyed widespread popularity as a pocket pet, a type of household pet, since its introduction by European traders in the 16th century.

Parrot

PsittaciformesparrotsPsittacidae
Other animals commonly kept include: rabbits; ferrets; pigs; rodents, such as gerbils, hamsters, chinchillas, rats, and guinea pigs; avian pets, such as parrots, passerines and fowls; reptile pets, such as turtles, alligators, crocodiles, lizards, and snakes; aquatic pets, such as fish, freshwater and saltwater snails, amphibians like frogs and salamanders; and arthropod pets, such as tarantulas and hermit crabs.
Parrots, along with ravens, crows, jays, and magpies, are among the most intelligent birds, and the ability of some species to imitate human voices enhances their popularity as pets.

Human–canine bond

bondcompanionshipcynophile
The technical term for a cat lover is an ailurophile, and for a dog lover, a cynophile.
In the United States, over 48% of households have a pet dog.

Pocket pet

small house petpocket petssmall house pets
Small pets may be grouped together as pocket pets, while the equine and bovine group include the largest companion animals.
A pocket pet is a small, pocket-sized pet mammal (sometimes also categorized as a small and furry in the pet industry) commonly kept as a household pet.

Exotic pet

exotic petsexoticexotic animal
Prohibited pets may be specific to certain breeds (such as pit bulls or Rottweilers), they may apply to general categories of animals (such as livestock, exotic animals, wild animals, and canid or felid hybrids), or they may simply be based on the animal's size.
An exotic pet is a rare or unusual animal pet: an animal kept within human households which is relatively unusual to keep or is generally thought of as a wild species rather than as a pet.

Pet adoption

rescue dogadoptionrescue dogs
The question of pets' legal status can arise with concern to purchase or adoption, custody, divorce, estate and inheritance, injury, damage, and veterinary malpractice.
Pet adoption is the process of taking responsibility for a pet that a previous owner has abandoned or released to a shelter or rescue organization.

Veterinarian

veterinariansDoctor of Veterinary Medicinevet
The question of pets' legal status can arise with concern to purchase or adoption, custody, divorce, estate and inheritance, injury, damage, and veterinary malpractice. Some veterinarians and breeders have opposed these moves.
These veterinarians may be involved in a general practice, treating animals of all types; they may be specialized in a specific group of animals such as companion animals, livestock, zoo animals or equines; or may specialize in a narrow medical discipline such as surgery, dermatology or internal medicine.

Cat

domestic catcatsFelis catus
Two of the most popular pets are dogs and cats.
The cat is either a house cat or a farm cat, which are pets, or a feral cat, which ranges freely and avoids human contact.

Domesticated hedgehog

HedgehogAfrican dwarf hedgehogDomestic hedgehog
The domesticated hedgehog kept as a pet is typically the African pygmy hedgehog (Atelerix albiventris).

Cattle

cowcowsBos taurus
Cattle, mostly small breeds such as the Miniature Zebu, are also kept as pets.

Pet ownership among the homeless

Her studies of pet ownership among the homeless found that many modify their life activities for fear of losing their pets.
This topic is part of the Animals and Society branch of study in the field of Sociology, and is also an issue with the values and responsibility of pet ownership.

Domestic pig

swinehogpig
Other animals commonly kept include: rabbits; ferrets; pigs; rodents, such as gerbils, hamsters, chinchillas, rats, and guinea pigs; avian pets, such as parrots, passerines and fowls; reptile pets, such as turtles, alligators, crocodiles, lizards, and snakes; aquatic pets, such as fish, freshwater and saltwater snails, amphibians like frogs and salamanders; and arthropod pets, such as tarantulas and hermit crabs.
Vietnamese pot-bellied pigs, a miniature breed of domestic pig, have made popular pets in the United States, beginning in the latter half of the 20th century.

Hamster

Cricetinaehamsterscricetine
Other animals commonly kept include: rabbits; ferrets; pigs; rodents, such as gerbils, hamsters, chinchillas, rats, and guinea pigs; avian pets, such as parrots, passerines and fowls; reptile pets, such as turtles, alligators, crocodiles, lizards, and snakes; aquatic pets, such as fish, freshwater and saltwater snails, amphibians like frogs and salamanders; and arthropod pets, such as tarantulas and hermit crabs.
The best-known species of hamster is the golden or Syrian hamster (Mesocricetus auratus), which is the type most commonly kept as pets.

Fancy rat

pet ratratDomestic rat
The fancy rat (Rattus norvegicus domestica) is the domesticated form of Rattus norvegicus, the brown rat, and the most common species of rat kept as a pet.

Turtle

turtlesTestudinesTestudines indet.
Other animals commonly kept include: rabbits; ferrets; pigs; rodents, such as gerbils, hamsters, chinchillas, rats, and guinea pigs; avian pets, such as parrots, passerines and fowls; reptile pets, such as turtles, alligators, crocodiles, lizards, and snakes; aquatic pets, such as fish, freshwater and saltwater snails, amphibians like frogs and salamanders; and arthropod pets, such as tarantulas and hermit crabs.
Some turtles, particularly small terrestrial and freshwater turtles, are kept as pets.

Fancy mouse

fancy micemiceDomestic mice
A pet mouse is inexpensive compared to larger pets, and even many other pet rodents, but mice are comparatively short-lived: typically only 18 to 30 months.

Companion parrot

pet parrotspetscompanion parrots
A companion parrot is a parrot kept as a pet that interacts abundantly with their human counterpart.

Chicken

chickenshenchick
Humans keep chickens primarily as a source of food (consuming both their meat and eggs) and, less commonly, as pets.

Cockatiel

cockatielsNymphicus hollandicusNymphicinae
They are prized as household pets and companion parrots throughout the world and are relatively easy to breed.

Domestication

domesticateddomesticdomesticate
While many people have kept many different species of animals in captivity over the course of human history, only a relative few have been kept long enough to be considered domesticated.
Animals domesticated for home companionship are called pets, while those domesticated for food or work are known as livestock.

Lizard

lizardsLacertiliaLacertilia indet.
Other animals commonly kept include: rabbits; ferrets; pigs; rodents, such as gerbils, hamsters, chinchillas, rats, and guinea pigs; avian pets, such as parrots, passerines and fowls; reptile pets, such as turtles, alligators, crocodiles, lizards, and snakes; aquatic pets, such as fish, freshwater and saltwater snails, amphibians like frogs and salamanders; and arthropod pets, such as tarantulas and hermit crabs.
Numerous species of lizard are kept as pets, including bearded dragons, iguanas, anoles, and geckos (such as the popular leopard gecko).