Peter Finch Martineau

Peter Finch Martineau (12 June 1755 – 2 December 1847) was an English businessman and a philanthropist, with particular interest in improving the lives of disadvantaged people through education.wikipedia
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Harriet Martineau

HarrietMartineau, HarrietMiss H. M.
His eldest brother Philip Meadows Martineau became a distinguished surgeon and his youngest brother Thomas fathered sociologist Harriet Martineau and religious philosopher James Martineau.
Her uncles included the surgeon Philip Meadows Martineau (1752–1829), whom she had enjoyed visiting at his nearby estate, Bracondale Lodge, and businessman and benefactor Peter Finch Martineau.

John Martineau

Engineer John Martineau was another of Peter's nephews. Next followed a sugar-refining partnership in Goulston Street, Whitechapel with his son Peter Jr, which continued until around the latter’s death in 1869; Peter Jr patented an important new process for clarifying sugar in 1815 with his cousin John Martineau.
In 1815 he took out a patent with his cousin Peter Martineau (son of Peter Finch Martineau) for a new means of decolourising sugar during refining.

Martineau family

Robert MartineauSir Thomas MartineauPhilip Meadows Martineau
A Unitarian, he was born into the renowned Martineau family of Norwich and christened in the Octagon Chapel.
The second son, David Martineau, had four sons and six daughters and the third, Peter Finch Martineau, had four sons and two daughters.

Francis Ronalds

Sir Francis RonaldsRonalds
Peter Jr wed Eliza Barnard and then Mary Anne, the sister of his schoolmate Sir Francis Ronalds.
His sisters married Samuel Carter – a railway solicitor and MP – and sugar-refiner Peter Martineau, the son of Peter Finch Martineau.

James Martineau

JamesDr James MartineauDr. James Martineau
His eldest brother Philip Meadows Martineau became a distinguished surgeon and his youngest brother Thomas fathered sociologist Harriet Martineau and religious philosopher James Martineau.
Martineau's conversion followed, and in 1822 he entered the dissenting academy Manchester College, then at York - his uncle Peter Finch Martineau was one of its Vice-Presidents.

John Taylor (civil engineer)

John TaylorJohn
The family in addition invested in mining operations in Devon, Cornwall and overseas, managed by Peter Jr's second cousin John Taylor.
Taylor’s sons and Peter Finch Martineau’s son and grandson were still active in its operations and oversight nearly a century later.

Octagon Chapel, Norwich

Octagon ChapelOctagon-PresbyterianUnitarian minister at Norwich
A Unitarian, he was born into the renowned Martineau family of Norwich and christened in the Octagon Chapel.
William Taylor and novelist, Lord Mayor R. H. Mottram, John and Susannah Taylor, and Peter Finch Martineau all worshipped here.

African Institution

seventh report (1813)
Peter Finch was an early Governor of the African Institution, founded by abolitionists when they succeeded in making the British slave trade illegal.
Leading Quaker families also became supporters as well as Unitarians like Peter Finch Martineau.

Charles Edward Flower

Charles Flower
Peter Jr and Mary Anne's children included Sarah, whose husband was brewer and benefactor Charles Edward Flower.
In 1852, Flower married Sarah Martineau, granddaughter of Peter Finch Martineau and niece of Sir Francis Ronalds.

Edward Foss

Foss
His first wife Susannah Scott had one son and his second marriage to Catherine Marsh brought him five more children, of whom Peter Martineau Jr was the oldest and Catherine Jr their first daughter – she married solicitor Edward Foss.
He married in 1814 Catherine, eldest daughter of Peter Finch Martineau, by whom he had one son, who died in infancy, and in 1844 Maria Elizabeth, eldest daughter of William Hutchins, by whom he had six sons (of whom the eldest, Edward, a barrister, assisted in the preparation of the ‘Biographia Juridica’) and three daughters.

Harris Manchester College, Oxford

Harris Manchester CollegeManchester CollegeManchester College, Oxford
Finally, he served as Vice-President of the Manchester Academy Nonconformist higher education institution in York for nearly two decades.

Revolution Society

A friend of the political philosopher William Godwin, he joined the London Revolution Society and was an energetic supporter of Norwich MP William Smith.
Along with some Anglicans a large number of English Dissenters and Unitarians were at the centre of the Society including Richard Price, Joseph Priestley, Andrew Kippis, Abraham Rees, Theophilus Lindsey, Thomas Belsham, Thomas Brand Hollis and Peter Finch Martineau.

Philanthropy

philanthropistphilanthropicphilanthropists
Peter Finch Martineau (12 June 1755 – 2 December 1847) was an English businessman and a philanthropist, with particular interest in improving the lives of disadvantaged people through education.

Unitarianism

UnitarianUnitariansUnitarian Church
A Unitarian, he was born into the renowned Martineau family of Norwich and christened in the Octagon Chapel.

Norwich

Norwich, EnglandNorwich, NorfolkTown Close School
A Unitarian, he was born into the renowned Martineau family of Norwich and christened in the Octagon Chapel.

West Norwood Cemetery

Norwood CemeteryWest NorwoodNorwood
Peter and Catherine were buried at West Norwood Cemetery.

Dyeing

dyeddyerdyers
He was first a textile dyer in Norwich with his older brother David.

Brewery

breweriesbrewing companybrewmaster
He, David and their younger brother John then established a brewery at the King's Arms Stairs (one of the watermen's stairs on the Thames), which merged with Whitbread in 1812.

Watermen's stairs

stairsWapping Old Stairs
He, David and their younger brother John then established a brewery at the King's Arms Stairs (one of the watermen's stairs on the Thames), which merged with Whitbread in 1812.

River Thames

ThamesThames Riverthe Thames
He, David and their younger brother John then established a brewery at the King's Arms Stairs (one of the watermen's stairs on the Thames), which merged with Whitbread in 1812.

Mergers and acquisitions

mergermergedM&A
He, David and their younger brother John then established a brewery at the King's Arms Stairs (one of the watermen's stairs on the Thames), which merged with Whitbread in 1812.

Whitbread

Whitbread plcWhitbread BreweryWhitbread & Co
He, David and their younger brother John then established a brewery at the King's Arms Stairs (one of the watermen's stairs on the Thames), which merged with Whitbread in 1812.

Sugar refinery

sugar millsugar refineriessugar refining
Next followed a sugar-refining partnership in Goulston Street, Whitechapel with his son Peter Jr, which continued until around the latter’s death in 1869; Peter Jr patented an important new process for clarifying sugar in 1815 with his cousin John Martineau.

Whitechapel

Whitechapel, LondonWhitechapel Idea StoreSt. Mary, Whitechapel
Next followed a sugar-refining partnership in Goulston Street, Whitechapel with his son Peter Jr, which continued until around the latter’s death in 1869; Peter Jr patented an important new process for clarifying sugar in 1815 with his cousin John Martineau.

Patent

patentspatent lawpatented
Next followed a sugar-refining partnership in Goulston Street, Whitechapel with his son Peter Jr, which continued until around the latter’s death in 1869; Peter Jr patented an important new process for clarifying sugar in 1815 with his cousin John Martineau.