Peter Fraser

FraserFraser, PeterPeter '''FraserRt Hon Peter Fraser
Peter Fraser (28 August 1884 – 12 December 1950) was a New Zealand politician who served as the 24th Prime Minister of New Zealand from 27 March 1940 until 13 December 1949.wikipedia
366 Related Articles

New Zealand Labour Party

Labour PartyLabourLabour Government
Considered a major figure in the history of the New Zealand Labour Party, he was in office longer than any other Labour prime minister, and is to date New Zealand's fourth-longest-serving head of government.
The party first came to power under prime ministers Michael Joseph Savage and Peter Fraser from 1935 to 1949, when it established New Zealand's welfare state.

Michael Joseph Savage

SavageMichael SavageMichael J. Savage
Fraser became a cabinet minister in, serving under Michael Joseph Savage.
He was succeeded as head of government by Peter Fraser.

1918 Wellington Central by-election

Wellington Central by-election19183 October 1918
In 1918, Fraser won a Wellington by-election and entered the House of Representatives.
It was caused by the death of incumbent MP Robert Fletcher of the Liberal Party and was won by Peter Fraser with a majority of 1,624.

Leader of the New Zealand Labour Party

Leader of the Labour PartyLeaderLabour Party Leader
Fraser became the Leader of the Labour Party and Prime Minister in 1940, following Savage's death in office.
Peter Fraser is the longest-serving Labour Prime Minister, serving 9 years, 261 days between 1940 and 1949.

Minister of Health (New Zealand)

Minister of HealthHealth MinisterMinister of Public Health
As Minister of Health, he introduced the Social Security Act 1938, which established a universal health care service.

List of prime ministers of New Zealand by age

List of prime ministers of New Zealand by time in officelongest-servinglongest serving
Considered a major figure in the history of the New Zealand Labour Party, he was in office longer than any other Labour prime minister, and is to date New Zealand's fourth-longest-serving head of government.

Janet Fraser

Janet
During his first years in cabinet, his wife, Janet, had an office next to his and worked as his research assistant and adviser in order that she could spend time with him.
Janet Fraser (née Munro, formerly Kemp; 31 January 1883 – 7 March 1945) was a New Zealand community leader and the wife of Peter Fraser, who was the 24th Prime Minister of New Zealand (1940–49) during the Second World War.

1940 New Zealand Labour Party leadership election

4 April 194019401 April 1940
Savage died two days later, on 27 March, and Fraser successfully contested the leadership against Gervan McMillan and Clyde Carr.
The election was won by Wellington Central MP Peter Fraser.

Gordon Coates

CoatesJoseph Gordon CoatesCoates Ministry
Fraser did, however, work closely with Gordon Coates, a former Prime Minister and now a National-Party rebel – Fraser praised Coates for his willingness to set aside his party loyalty, and appears to have believed that National leader Sidney Holland placed the interests of his party before national unity.
He became a member of Peter Fraser's War Administration from 1940, serving as Minister of Armed Forces and War Co-ordination until his death.

List of by-elections to the Wellington City Council

by-election19101955 by-election
Fraser made a comeback on the council when he was persuaded to stand in a 1933 by-election.

Minister of Foreign Affairs (New Zealand)

Minister of Foreign AffairsForeign MinisterMinister of External Affairs
In the new administration, Fraser became the Minister of External Affairs, the Minister of Island Territories, Minister of Health, Minister of Education, Minister of Marine, and Minister of Police.
Several New Zealand Prime Ministers including Peter Fraser, Walter Nash, Keith Holyoake, and David Lange held the External Affairs portfolio.

Alister McIntosh

Alister Donald McIntoshSir Alister McIntosh
Fraser had a particularly close working relationship with Alister McIntosh, the head of the Prime Minister's department during most of Fraser's premiership and then of the Department of External Affairs, created in 1946.
McIntosh was New Zealand's first secretary of foreign affairs serving as the principal foreign policy adviser to Prime Ministers Peter Fraser, Sidney Holland, Keith Holyoake, and Walter Nash.

Harry Holland

Henry HollandHenry Edmund HollandHolland, Harry
The members selected Harry Holland as the Labour Party's leader.
He built up a core following among his caucus consisting of Michael Joseph Savage, Peter Fraser, Bob Semple and later Walter Nash.

New Zealand National Party

National PartyNationalThe National Party
Labour lost the and Fraser's government was succeeded by the first National Party government.

Hill of Fearn

Fearn
A native of Scotland, Peter Fraser was born in Hill of Fearn, a small village near the town of Tain in the Highland area of Easter Ross.
Hill of Fearn was the birthplace (28 August 1884) of the New Zealand Prime Minister Peter Fraser (1 April 1940 to 13 December 1949).

Social Democratic Party (New Zealand)

Social Democratic PartySocial DemocratsSocial Democrat
In 1913, he participated in the founding of the Social Democratic Party and, during the year, within the scope of his union activities, found himself under arrest for breaches of the peace.
The Social Democrats, still closely linked to the United Federation of Labour, were plunged into disarray, with three of the party's leaders, Harry Holland, Peter Fraser and Bob Semple, being jailed for their roles in the strike.

Tain

Tain Royal AcademyTain, Ross-shireTain, Scotland
A native of Scotland, Peter Fraser was born in Hill of Fearn, a small village near the town of Tain in the Highland area of Easter Ross.

Sidney Holland

HollandSid HollandSidney George Holland
Fraser did, however, work closely with Gordon Coates, a former Prime Minister and now a National-Party rebel – Fraser praised Coates for his willingness to set aside his party loyalty, and appears to have believed that National leader Sidney Holland placed the interests of his party before national unity.
The new Michael Joseph Savage–Peter Fraser Labour Government, which ushered in a raft of social and economic reforms including the establishment of a Keynesian welfare state, nationalization of key economic resources, and the expansion of public works and state-housing projects.

Department of Island Territories

Minister of Island TerritoriesMinister of External AffairsDepartment of External Affairs
In the new administration, Fraser became the Minister of External Affairs, the Minister of Island Territories, Minister of Health, Minister of Education, Minister of Marine, and Minister of Police.

Clyde Carr

Carr, Clyde
Savage died two days later, on 27 March, and Fraser successfully contested the leadership against Gervan McMillan and Clyde Carr.
He was a dissident, getting three votes when he ran against Peter Fraser for Labour's leadership in 1940 to replace Savage as party leader.

1923 Wellington City mayoral election

1923Wellington City mayoral election
In 1923 Fraser stood for Mayor of Wellington.
Incumbent mayor Robert Alexander Wright was narrowly re-elected for a second term seeing off a strong challenge from local Labour MP Peter Fraser, the closest election result Wellington had ever seen.

Walter Nash

NashSir Walter Nash The Right Honourable '''Walter Nash
Although he relinquished the role of Minister of Education early in his term as Prime Minister, he and Walter Nash continued to have an active role in developing educational policy with C. E. Beeby.
He succeeded Peter Fraser as Leader of the Labour Party and Leader of Opposition in 1951.

John A. Lee

John A LeeLeeJohn Alexander Lee
John A. Lee, a notable socialist within the Party, vehemently disapproved of the party's perceived drift towards the political centre, and strongly criticised Savage and Fraser.
Savage died two days later, and was succeeded as Prime Minister by Peter Fraser, a member of the faction opposed to Lee's left-wingers.

Canberra Pact

Australian-New Zealand Agreement 1944
Fraser had a very rocky relationship with U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull, particularly over the Canberra Pact in January 1944.
The prime ministers of New Zealand (Peter Fraser) and Australia (John Curtin) were subjected to a very demeaning dressing-down by Secretary of State Hull as a sign of American displeasure.

1951 Brooklyn by-election

by-election1951 by-election
His successor in the electorate, elected in the 1951 Brooklyn by-election, was Arnold Nordmeyer.
The by-election was caused by the death of incumbent MP Peter Fraser, who had been Prime Minister until 30 November 1949, on 17 December 1950 after a long illness.