petroglyphsrock carvingrock carvingsrock drawingsstone carvingsrock engravingsrock engravingstone inscriptioncarvingsengravings
A petroglyph is an image created by removing part of a rock surface by incising, picking, carving, or abrading, as a form of rock art.wikipedia
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Rock art

rock paintingrock paintingspetrograph
A petroglyph is an image created by removing part of a rock surface by incising, picking, carving, or abrading, as a form of rock art.
Such artworks are often divided into three forms: petroglyphs, which are carved into the rock surface, pictographs, which are painted onto the surface, and earth figures, formed on the ground.

Rock relief

rock reliefsinto rock facesrock-cut bas-reliefs
Another form of petroglyph, normally found in literate cultures, a rock relief or rock-cut relief is a relief sculpture carved on "living rock" such as a cliff, rather than a detached piece of stone.
Although prehistoric engraved petroglyphs are common in Egypt, in general the form is not a very common one in Ancient Egyptian art, and only possible in some parts of the country, generally those away from the main centres of population, as Abu Simbel was.

Upper Paleolithic

Upper Palaeolithic20,000 BCUpper
Many petroglyphs are dated to approximately the Neolithic and late Upper Paleolithic boundary, about 10,000 to 12,000 years ago, if not earlier, such as Kamyana Mohyla.
Artistic work blossomed, with cave painting, petroglyphs, carvings and engravings on bone or ivory.

Cave painting

cave paintingscave arthand stencils
Many of the geometric patterns (known as form constants) which recur in petroglyphs and cave paintings have been shown by David Lewis-Williams to be hardwired into the human brain.
Cave paintings are a type of parietal art (which category also includes petroglyphs, or engravings),


Petroforms, or patterns and shapes made by many large rocks and boulders over the ground, are also quite different.
Petroforms are shapes and geometrical patterns made from arranging large rocks and boulders, often over large areas of open ground, unlike the smaller petroglyphs and graphs which are inscribed on rock surfaces.


Around 7,000 to 9,000 years ago, other precursors of writing systems, such as pictographs and ideograms, began to appear.
Pictograph has a rather different meaning in the field of prehistoric art, including recent art by traditional societies and then means art painted on rock surfaces, as opposed to petroglyphs; the latter are carved or incised.

Wildebeest Kuil Rock Art Centre

Wildebeest KuilSouth AfricaWildebeest Kuil rock art site
Wildebeest Kuil Rock Art Centre is a rock engraving site with visitor centre on land owned by the !Xun and Khwe San situated about 16 km from Kimberley, Northern Cape, South Africa.

Driekops Eiland

Driekops Eiland (also called Driekopseiland) is a rock engraving or petroglyph site in the bed of the Riet River close to the town of Plooysburg, near Kimberley, Northern Cape, South Africa.

List of Greek and Latin roots in English/P

The word comes from the Greek prefix petro-, from πέτρα petra meaning "stone", and γλύφω glýphō meaning "carve", and was originally coined in French as pétroglyphe.

Reed boat

reed boatsboatspapyrus boats
Reed boats are depicted in early petroglyphs and were common in Ancient Egypt.

Gabal El Uweinat

Jebel UweinatUweinatOweinat
The area is notable for its prehistoric petroglyphs first reported by the Egyptian explorer Ahmed Pasha Hassanein—the discoverer of Uweinat, who in 1923 traversed the first 40 km of the mountain towards E, without reaching the end.


Organ PipesTwyfelfontein or /Ui-//aes
* Twyfelfontein
Displaying one of the largest concentrations of rock petroglyphs in Africa, UNESCO approved Twyfelfontein as Namibia's first World Heritage Site in 2007.

Nordic Bronze Age

Bronze AgeNordicNorthern Bronze Age
Later glyphs from the Nordic Bronze Age in Scandinavia seem to refer to some form of territorial boundary between tribes, in addition to possible religious meanings.
The archaeological legacy also comprise locally of crafted wool and wooden objects and there are many tumuli and rock carving sites from this period, but no written language existed in the Nordic countries during the Bronze Age.

Usgalimal rock engravings

Usgalimal rock engravings or Usgalimal Petroglyphs at Usgalimal village, in South Goa, is one of the most important prehistoric sites in western India.

Tassili n'Ajjer

TassiliTassili N'Ajjer National ParkTassili Plateau
* Tassili n'Ajjer
According to UNESCO, "The exceptional density of paintings and engravings...have made Tassili world famous."

Draa River

DraaDraa ValleyDar'a valley
* The Draa River valley
The pre-history of the valley of the Draa goes back thousands of years, as is evidenced by the many rock art engravings or petroglyphs in its surroundings and most of all by the find of the Venus of Tan-Tan.


* Bidzar
Bidzar is an archaeological site 20 km from Guider, Cameroon, featuring petroglyphs between 3000 and 300 years old.

Saimaluu Tash

Saimaly-Tash Petroglyphs
* Several sites in the Tien Shan mountains: Cholpon-Ata, the Talas valley, Saimaluu Tash, and on the rock outcrop called Suleiman's Throne in Osh in the Fergana valley
Saimaluu Tash (meaning 'embroidered' or 'patterned stones' in Kyrgyz ) is a petroglyph site in Jalal-Abad Province, Kyrgyzstan, south of Kazarman.

Angono Petroglyphs

* Angono Petroglyphs of Rizal, Philippines
The Angono Petroglyphs are petroglyphs carved into a rock wall in Angono, Rizal, Philippines.

Northern Cape

Northern Cape ProvinceNorthernNC
From Later Stone Age times, mainly, there is a wealth of rock art sites – most of which are in the form of rock engravings such as at Wildebeest Kuil and many sites in the area known as ǀXam -ka !kau, in the Karoo.

Yin Mountains

YinshanDaqing MountainsDaqing Mountain
Among other things, the range is notable for its petroglyphs.


Petroglyphs within the Archaeological Landscape of Tamgaly
Tamgaly is a petroglyph site in the Zhetysu of Kazakhstan.

Lumuyu Petroglyphs

* Lumuyu Petroglyphs
Lumuyu Petroglyphs or also called as Lumuyu Rock Carvings (Petroglif Lumuyu/Ukiran Batu Lumuyu) comprising several petroglyphs situated not far from the Bekuku Village in Ulu Tomani of Tenom District in Sabah, Malaysia.

Kamyana Mohyla

Stone TombArchaeological Site "Stone TombKamyana
Many petroglyphs are dated to approximately the Neolithic and late Upper Paleolithic boundary, about 10,000 to 12,000 years ago, if not earlier, such as Kamyana Mohyla.
The young archaeologist claimed to have discovered thirty caves with petroglyph inscriptions which he dated from the 20th century BC to the 17th century AD.

Ughtasar Petroglyphs

These petroglyphs, some believed to date back to the Paleolithic (12,000 BCE), are carved onto dark brownish-black volcanic stones left behind by an extinct volcano.