Phil Walden

Capricorn headquarters, Macon, 2009

Co-founder of the Macon, Georgia-based Capricorn Records, along with former Atlantic Records executive Frank Fenter.

- Phil Walden
Capricorn headquarters, Macon, 2009

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Capricorn Records

Capricorn Sound Studios in 2014.
Exterior of the newly renovated Mercer Music at Capricorn in 2020.
The view of the Capricorn Studio control room from standing inside Studio A. Little has changed in both the studio space and control room since 1972.

Capricorn Records was an independent record label founded by Phil Walden and Frank Fenter in 1969 in Macon, Georgia.

The Marshall Tucker Band in 2006

The Marshall Tucker Band

American rock band from Spartanburg, South Carolina.

American rock band from Spartanburg, South Carolina.

The Marshall Tucker Band in 2006

Frank Fenter and Phil Walden signed the Marshall Tucker Band based on those demos.

The Allman Brothers Band, March 1971. From left to right: Dickey Betts, Duane Allman, Gregg Allman, Jaimoe Johanson, Berry Oakley, Butch Trucks.

The Allman Brothers Band

American rock band formed in Jacksonville, Florida in 1969 by brothers Duane Allman and Gregg Allman (vocals, keyboards, songwriting), as well as Dickey Betts (lead guitar, vocals, songwriting), Berry Oakley (bass guitar), Butch Trucks (drums), and Jai Johanny "Jaimoe" Johanson (drums).

American rock band formed in Jacksonville, Florida in 1969 by brothers Duane Allman and Gregg Allman (vocals, keyboards, songwriting), as well as Dickey Betts (lead guitar, vocals, songwriting), Berry Oakley (bass guitar), Butch Trucks (drums), and Jai Johanny "Jaimoe" Johanson (drums).

The Allman Brothers Band, March 1971. From left to right: Dickey Betts, Duane Allman, Gregg Allman, Jaimoe Johanson, Berry Oakley, Butch Trucks.
"The Big House", seen here in 2009: The band lived at the house in the early 1970s.
Duane Allman, the group's leader, was killed in a motorcycle crash in 1971.
Gregg Allman on the band's 1975 tour
Keyboardist Chuck Leavell began contributing to the band in 1973.
Guitarist Warren Haynes, seen here in the late 1990s, joined the band for their second reunion.
The band's 2009 residency at New York's Beacon Theatre was considered a career highlight.
Derek Trucks joined in 1999 and became the band's youngest member.
Guest appearances during the "Beacon Run" were common. Here Eric Clapton joins the band in March 2009 to play songs from 1970's Layla and Other Assorted Love Songs, which had featured Duane Allman.

Meanwhile, Phil Walden, the manager of the late Otis Redding and several other R&B acts, was looking to expand into rock acts.

Elmore James

American blues guitarist, singer, songwriter and bandleader.

American blues guitarist, singer, songwriter and bandleader.

Phil Walden of Capricorn Records raised funds for a granite headstone for James's grave.

Macon, Georgia

Consolidated city-county in the U.S. state of Georgia.

Consolidated city-county in the U.S. state of Georgia.

Child labor in Macon, 1909. Photo by Lewis Hine.
Wesleyan College circa 1877
Location of Macon within Bibb County before consolidation
The Macon-Bibb County Courthouse
Location of the Macon-Warner Robins-Fort Valley CSA and its components:
Cherry Blossom Festival
Georgia State Fair
Fort Benjamin Hawkins
Macon City Auditorium - world's largest true copper dome
Ocmulgee Riverwalk
Central City Skatepark
Central City Park, 1877
Mercer University
MTA-MAC City Bus

Capricorn Records, run by Macon natives Phil Walden and briefly Alan Walden, made the city a hub for Southern rock music in the late 1960s and 1970s.

A newspaper advertisement for a concert featuring Captain Beyond in 1973 at the Indianapolis Convention Center

Captain Beyond

American rock supergroup formed in Los Angeles in 1972.

American rock supergroup formed in Los Angeles in 1972.

A newspaper advertisement for a concert featuring Captain Beyond in 1973 at the Indianapolis Convention Center

This six-man lineup recorded the group's second album, Sufficiently Breathless, with producer and Capricorn Records co-founder Phil Walden.

Idlewild South

Second studio album by American southern rock band the Allman Brothers Band.

Second studio album by American southern rock band the Allman Brothers Band.

The album's title came from a nickname of a rented cabin the band shared, the "Idlewild South"

Executives suggested to the band's manager and Capricorn president, Phil Walden, that he relocate the band to New York or Los Angeles to increase their exposure.

The Allman Brothers Band (album)

Debut studio album by American rock band the Allman Brothers Band.

Debut studio album by American rock band the Allman Brothers Band.

The gatefold album sleeve features the band posing nude in a brook.

Meanwhile, Phil Walden, the manager of the late Otis Redding and several other R&B acts, was looking to expand into rock acts.

At Fillmore East

First live album by American rock band the Allman Brothers Band, and their third release overall.

First live album by American rock band the Allman Brothers Band, and their third release overall.

Manager Phil Walden explained to executives that the band were less of a studio band and that live performances were most important to them.

Duane Allman of The Allman Brothers Band performing in 1971.

Grinderswitch

Southern rock band formed near Macon, Georgia in 1973.

Southern rock band formed near Macon, Georgia in 1973.

Duane Allman of The Allman Brothers Band performing in 1971.

The newly formed band went to stay at a farm near Warner Robins, GA to rehearse and eventually gain the interest of Paul Hornsby and Phil Walden of Capricorn Records.