Philippines

FilipinoPhilippinePhilippine Islandsthe PhilippinesRepublic of the PhilippinesFilipinaPhilippine archipelagoFilipinosPHPHI
The Philippines ( or Filipinas ), officially the Republic of the Philippines, is an archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.wikipedia
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Mindanao

Mindanao IslandSouthern PhilippinesRegion X
Situated in the western Pacific Ocean, it consists of about 7,641 islands that are broadly categorized under three main geographical divisions from north to south: Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao.
Mindanao, or still commonly known as Southern Philippines, is the second-largest island in the Philippines.

Manila

Manila, PhilippinesCity of ManilaMaynila
The capital city of the Philippines is Manila and the most populous city is Quezon City, both part of Metro Manila.
Manila (Maynilà, or ), officially the City of Manila (Lungsod ng Maynilà ), is the capital of the Philippines and a highly urbanized city.

Quezon City

CubaoDilimanNovaliches
The capital city of the Philippines is Manila and the most populous city is Quezon City, both part of Metro Manila.
Quezon City (, ; Lungsod Quezon ; also known as QC or Kyusi) is a highly urbanized city and the most populous city in the Philippines.

Metro Manila

National Capital RegionManilaMetropolitan Manila
The capital city of the Philippines is Manila and the most populous city is Quezon City, both part of Metro Manila.
Metropolitan Manila (often shortened as Metro Manila; Kalakhang Maynila), officially the National Capital Region (NCR), is the seat of government and one of three defined metropolitan areas in the Philippines.

Taiwan

Republic of ChinaFormosaRepublic of China (Taiwan)
Bounded by the South China Sea on the west, the Philippine Sea on the east and the Celebes Sea on the southwest, the Philippines shares maritime borders with Taiwan to the north, Japan to the northeast, Vietnam to the west, Palau to the east, and Malaysia and Indonesia to the south.
Neighbouring states include the People's Republic of China (PRC) to the north-west, Japan to the north-east, and the Philippines to the south.

Vietnam

Viet NamSocialist Republic of VietnamViệt Nam
Bounded by the South China Sea on the west, the Philippine Sea on the east and the Celebes Sea on the southwest, the Philippines shares maritime borders with Taiwan to the north, Japan to the northeast, Vietnam to the west, Palau to the east, and Malaysia and Indonesia to the south.
It shares its maritime borders with Thailand through the Gulf of Thailand, and the Philippines, Indonesia and Malaysia through the South China Sea.

Philippine Sea

Philippines SeaWestern PacificPhilippine
Bounded by the South China Sea on the west, the Philippine Sea on the east and the Celebes Sea on the southwest, the Philippines shares maritime borders with Taiwan to the north, Japan to the northeast, Vietnam to the west, Palau to the east, and Malaysia and Indonesia to the south.
The Philippine Sea is a marginal sea east and northeast of the Philippines occupying an estimated surface area of 5 e6km2.

Visayas

Visayan IslandsVisayanVisayas Islands
Situated in the western Pacific Ocean, it consists of about 7,641 islands that are broadly categorized under three main geographical divisions from north to south: Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao.
The Visayas, or the Visayan Islands (Cebuano: Kabisay-an, ; Kabisayaan ), are one of the three principal geographical divisions of the Philippines, along with Luzon and Mindanao.

Malaysia

Federation of MalaysiaMalaysianMalaya
Bounded by the South China Sea on the west, the Philippine Sea on the east and the Celebes Sea on the southwest, the Philippines shares maritime borders with Taiwan to the north, Japan to the northeast, Vietnam to the west, Palau to the east, and Malaysia and Indonesia to the south.
East Malaysia shares land and maritime borders with Brunei and Indonesia and a maritime border with the Philippines and Vietnam.

Overseas Filipinos

Overseas Filipinooverseas Filipino workersOFW
Approximately 10 million additional Filipinos lived overseas, comprising one of the world's largest diasporas.
An Overseas Filipino is a person of Filipino origin who lives outside the Philippines.

Palau

Palau IslandsPalausRepublic of Palau
Bounded by the South China Sea on the west, the Philippine Sea on the east and the Celebes Sea on the southwest, the Philippines shares maritime borders with Taiwan to the north, Japan to the northeast, Vietnam to the west, Palau to the east, and Malaysia and Indonesia to the south.
Palau shares maritime boundaries with the Philippines, Indonesia, and Micronesia.

Southeast Asia

South East AsiaSouth-East AsiaSoutheast Asian
The Philippines ( or Filipinas ), officially the Republic of the Philippines, is an archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
SEAC popularised the use of the term "Southeast Asia," although what constituted Southeast Asia was not fixed; for example, SEAC excluded the Philippines and a large part of Indonesia while including Ceylon.

Indonesia

Republic of IndonesiaIndonesianIndonesian Republic
Bounded by the South China Sea on the west, the Philippine Sea on the east and the Celebes Sea on the southwest, the Philippines shares maritime borders with Taiwan to the north, Japan to the northeast, Vietnam to the west, Palau to the east, and Malaysia and Indonesia to the south.
Other neighbouring countries include Singapore, Vietnam, the Philippines, Australia, Palau, and India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Ring of Fire

Pacific Ring of Firecircum-Pacific orogenic beltPacific Rim
The Philippines' location on the Pacific Ring of Fire and close to the equator makes the Philippines prone to earthquakes and typhoons, but also endows it with abundant natural resources and some of the world's greatest biodiversity.
The western portion is more complex, with a number of smaller tectonic plates in collision with the Pacific Plate from the Mariana Islands, the Philippines, Bougainville, Tonga, and New Zealand.

Spanish Empire

SpanishSpainSpanish colonies
The Philippines became part of the Spanish Empire for more than 300 years.
From the late 15th century to the early 19th, Spain controlled a huge overseas territory in the New World, the Asian archipelago of the Philippines, what they called "The Indies" (Las Indias) and territories in Europe, Africa and Oceania.

Eastern Samar

SamarEast SamarEastern
The arrival of Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer leading a fleet for the Spanish, in Homonhon, Eastern Samar in 1521 marked the beginning of Hispanic colonization.
Eastern Samar (Waray-Waray: Sinirangan Samar; Sidlakang Samar) is a province in the Philippines located in the Eastern Visayas region.

First Philippine Republic

Philippine RepublicMalolos RepublicPhilippines
As the 19th century gave way to the 20th, the Philippine Revolution quickly followed, which then spawned the short-lived First Philippine Republic, followed by the bloody Philippine–American War.
The Philippine Republic (República Filipina; ), more commonly known as the First Philippine Republic or the Malolos Republic, was a nascent revolutionary government in the Philippines.

South China Sea

East SeaSouth ChinaWest Philippine Sea
Bounded by the South China Sea on the west, the Philippine Sea on the east and the Celebes Sea on the southwest, the Philippines shares maritime borders with Taiwan to the north, Japan to the northeast, Vietnam to the west, Palau to the east, and Malaysia and Indonesia to the south.
In Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines, it was long called the "South China Sea" (Dagat Timog Tsina in Tagalog, Laut China Selatan in Malay), with the part within Philippine territorial waters often called the "Luzon Sea", Dagat Luzon, by the Philippines.

People Power Revolution

EDSA Revolution1986 EDSA Revolution1986 People Power Revolution
Since then, the unitary sovereign state has often had a tumultuous experience with democracy, which included the overthrow of a dictatorship by a non-violent revolution.
The People Power Revolution (also known as the EDSA Revolution, the Philippine Revolution of 1986, EDSA 1986, EDSA I and EDSA People Power) was a series of popular demonstrations in the Philippines, mostly in Metro Manila from February 22–25, 1986.

Philip II of Spain

Philip IIKing Philip IIPhilip
In 1543, Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos named the archipelago Las Islas Filipinas in honor of Philip II of Spain.
The son of Holy Roman Emperor and King of the Spanish kingdoms Charles V and Isabella of Portugal, Philip was called "Felipe el Prudente" ("Philip the Prudent") in the Spanish kingdoms; his empire included territories on every continent then known to Europeans, including his namesake the Philippines.

Celebes Sea

Sulawesi SeaCelebesNorth Celebes Sea
Bounded by the South China Sea on the west, the Philippine Sea on the east and the Celebes Sea on the southwest, the Philippines shares maritime borders with Taiwan to the north, Japan to the northeast, Vietnam to the west, Palau to the east, and Malaysia and Indonesia to the south.
The Celebes Sea (Laut Sulawesi, ) of the western Pacific Ocean is bordered on the north by the Sulu Archipelago and Sulu Sea and Mindanao Island of the Philippines, on the east by the Sangihe Islands chain, on the south by Sulawesi's Minahassa Peninsula, and on the west by Kalimantan in Indonesia.

Commonwealth of the Philippines

Philippine CommonwealthPhilippinesCommonwealth
From the period of the Spanish–American War (1898) and the Philippine–American War (1899–1902) until the Commonwealth period (1935–1946), American colonial authorities referred to the country as the Philippine Islands, a translation of the Spanish name.
The Commonwealth of the Philippines (Commonwealth de Filipinas; Komonwelt ng Pilipinas, Malasariling Pamahalaan ng Pilipinas) was the administrative body that governed the Philippines from 1935 to 1946, aside from a period of exile in the Second World War from 1942 to 1945 when Japan occupied the country.

Asian Development Bank

ADBAsDBAsia Development Bank
It also hosts the headquarters of the Asian Development Bank.
The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is a regional development bank established on 19 December 1966, which is headquartered in the Ortigas Center located in the city of Mandaluyong, Metro Manila, Philippines.

Palawan

Palawan ProvinceIsland of PalawanPalawan Island
The oldest remains of modern humans in the islands, however, is the Tabon Man of Palawan, carbon-dated to 47,000 ± 11–10,000 years ago.
Palawan (pronounced ), officially the Province of Palawan (Lalawigan ng Palawan; Hiligaynon: Kapuoran sang Palawan; Cebuano: Lalawigan sa Palawan), is an archipelagic province of the Philippines that is located in the region of MIMAROPA.

Miguel López de Legazpi

Miguel Lopez de LegazpiLegazpiMiguel Lopez de Legaspi
With the arrival of Miguel López de Legazpi from Mexico City, in 1565, the first Hispanic settlement in the archipelago was established.
Miguel López de Legazpi (c. 1502 – August 20, 1572), also known as El Adelantado and El Viejo (The Elder), was a Spanish navigator and governor who established the first Spanish settlement in the East Indies when his expedition crossed the Pacific Ocean from the Viceroyalty of New Spain in modern-day Mexico, arrived in Cebu of the Philippine Islands, 1565.