Philips

Philips ElectronicsPhillipsRoyal Philips ElectronicsPhilips LightingPhilips Interactive MediaPhilips Research LaboratoriesPhilips ResearchPhilips worksPhilips Electrical IndustriesKoninklijke Philips Electronics
Koninklijke Philips N.V.wikipedia
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Amsterdam

Amsterdam, NetherlandsAmsterdam, The NetherlandsAmsterdam WCT
Koninklijke Philips N.V. (literally Royal Philips, stylized as PHILIPS) is a Dutch multinational technology company headquartered in Amsterdam, one of the largest electronics companies in the world, currently focused in the area of healthcare and lighting.
Many large Dutch institutions have their headquarters there, including Philips, AkzoNobel, TomTom and ING.

Cassette tape

cassetteCSaudio cassette
The company started making electric shavers in 1939 under the Philishave brand, and post-war they developed the Compact Cassette format and co-developed the Compact Disc format with Sony, as well as numerous other technologies.
It was developed by Philips in Hasselt, Belgium, and released in 1962.

Compact disc

CDCDsCD single
The company started making electric shavers in 1939 under the Philishave brand, and post-war they developed the Compact Cassette format and co-developed the Compact Disc format with Sony, as well as numerous other technologies.
Compact disc (CD) is a digital optical disc data storage format that was co-developed by Philips and Sony and released in 1982.

PSV Eindhoven

PSVEindhovenPhilips Sport Vereniging
They also have had a sports club since 1913 called PSV Eindhoven.
The club was founded in 1913 as a team for Philips employees.

Anton Philips

AntonAnton Frederik Philips
In 1895, after a difficult first few years and near bankruptcy, the Philipses brought in Anton, Gerard's younger brother by sixteen years.
Anton Frederik Philips (14 March 1874 – 7 October 1951) co-founded Royal Philips Electronics N.V. in 1912 with his older brother Gerard Philips in Eindhoven, the Netherlands.

Eindhoven

Eindhoven, NetherlandsMayor of EindhovenEindhoven, the Netherlands
It was founded in Eindhoven in 1891 by Gerard Philips and his father Frederik, with their first products being light bulbs.
Industrial activities initially centred around tobacco and textiles and boomed with the rise of lighting and electronics giant Philips, which was founded as a light bulb manufacturing company in Eindhoven in 1891.

Signetics

Acquisitions include that of Signetics and Magnavox.
They were bought by Philips in 1975 and incorporated in Philips Semiconductors (now NXP).

Magnavox

Magnavox Corp.Magnavox Research LaboratoriesMagnavox TV
Acquisitions include that of Signetics and Magnavox.
Since 1974 it is a subsidiary of Dutch electronics corporation Philips.

Gerard Philips

Gerard
It was founded in Eindhoven in 1891 by Gerard Philips and his father Frederik, with their first products being light bulbs.
Gerard Leonard Frederik Philips (9 October 1858 – 26 January 1942) was a Dutch industrialist and co-founder, with his father Frederik Philips, of Philips as a family business in 1891.

Operation Oyster

daylight raid
On 6 December 1942, the British No. 2 Group RAF undertook Operation Oyster, which heavily damaged the Philips Radio factory in Eindhoven with few casualties among the Dutch workers and civilians.
Operation Oyster was a bombing raid made by the Royal Air Force (RAF) on 6 December 1942 upon the Philips Works at Eindhoven, Netherlands.

Frits Philips

Frits Philips, the son of Anton, was the only Philips family member to stay in the Netherlands.
Frederik Jacques "Frits" Philips (16 April 1905 – 5 December 2005) was the fourth chairman of the board of directors of the Dutch electronics company Philips, which his uncle and father founded.

Philips Records

PhilipsPhillipsPhilips Classics
In 1950, it formed Philips Records, which eventually formed part of PolyGram.
Philips Records is a record label that was founded by the Dutch electronics company Philips.

PCJJ

On 11 March 1927, Philips went on the air with shortwave radio station PCJJ (later PCJ) which was joined in 1929 by sister station PHOHI (Philips Omroep Holland-Indië).
PCJJ (later known as PCJ) was a pioneering shortwave radio station in the Netherlands operated by Philips Radio on behalf of Philips Laboratories, a division of Philips Electronics.

Stirling engine

Stirlingdisplacerstirling cycle engine
Philips was instrumental in the revival of the Stirling engine when, in the early 1930s, the management decided that offering a low-power portable generator would assist in expanding sales of its radios into parts of the world where mains electricity was unavailable and the supply of batteries uncertain.
Around that time, Philips was seeking to expand sales of its radios into parts of the world where grid electricity and batteries were not consistently available.

Philishave

rotary models
The company started making electric shavers in 1939 under the Philishave brand, and post-war they developed the Compact Cassette format and co-developed the Compact Disc format with Sony, as well as numerous other technologies. In 1939, they introduced their electric razor, the Philishave (marketed in the US using the Norelco brand name).
Philishave was the brand name for the electric shavers manufactured by the Philips Domestic Appliances and Personal Care unit of Philips (in the U.S., the Norelco name is used instead).

Norelco

Philips Norelco
In 1939, they introduced their electric razor, the Philishave (marketed in the US using the Norelco brand name).
Norelco is the American brand name for electric shavers and other personal care products made by the Consumer Lifestyle division of Philips.

Philips Computers

Philips continued with computers through the early 1990s (see separate article: Philips Computers).
Philips Telecommunicatie en Informatie Systemen (Philips Computers) was a subsidiary of Philips that designed and manufactured personal computers.

Happy Station Show

The international program on Sundays commenced in 1928, with host Eddie Startz hosting the Happy Station show, which became the world's longest-running shortwave program.
The program premiered on November 19, 1928 and was broadcast first by the private Philips Radio station PCJJ (later PCJ), and from 1947 by Radio Netherlands.

Applications of the Stirling engine

cryocoolerFree Piston Stirling Coolersmall submarines
In parallel with the generator set Philips developed experimental Stirling engines for a wide variety of applications and continued to work in the field until the late 1970s, though the only commercial success was the 'reversed Stirling engine' cryocooler.
Automobiles exclusively powered by Stirling engines were developed in test projects by NASA, as well as earlier projects by the Ford Motor Company using engines provided by Philips, and by American Motors Corporation (AMC) with several cars equipped with units from Sweden's United Stirling built under a license from Philips.

Mini-Cassette

minicassetteMC
Philips reduced the cassette size for the professional needs with the Mini-Cassette, although it would not be as successful as the Olympus Microcassette.
The Mini-Cassette, often written minicassette, is a magnetic tape audio cassette format introduced by Philips in 1967.

PolyGram

PolyGram GreecePolyGram RecordsPolygram Iberica
In 1950, it formed Philips Records, which eventually formed part of PolyGram.
PolyGram, founded in 1962, acquired by Universal Music Group in 1998 and merged into that group in 1999, was a Dutch entertainment company, which started as a major record label founded by Dutch Philips and German Siemens as a holding company for their music interests in 1972.

LaserDisc

LDlaser disclaserdiscs
Philips had developed a LaserDisc early on for selling movies, but delayed its commercial launch for fear of cannibalizing its video recorder sales.
By 1969, Philips had developed a videodisc in reflective mode, which has advantages over the transparent mode.

Radio Netherlands Worldwide

Radio NetherlandsRNWRadio Nederland
Philips Radio was absorbed shortly after liberation when its two shortwave stations were nationalised in 1947 and renamed Radio Netherlands Worldwide, the Dutch International Service.
Regular international broadcast transmissions started shortly afterwards from the Philips shortwave transmitter in Eindhoven.

Philips CD-i

CD-iCD Interactive (CD-I)CD-i console
In 1991-1992, Philips along with their subsidiary Magnavox, released the Philips CD-i, a combined CD player and home video game console.
The Philips CD-i (an abbreviation of Compact Disc Interactive) is an interactive multimedia CD player developed and marketed by Dutch company Philips, who supported it from December 1991 to late 1998.

Sony

Sony CorporationSony BMG MusicSony Music
The company started making electric shavers in 1939 under the Philishave brand, and post-war they developed the Compact Cassette format and co-developed the Compact Disc format with Sony, as well as numerous other technologies.
In 1983, Sony followed their counterpart Philips to the compact disc (CD).