Philips

Philips ElectronicsRoyal Philips ElectronicsPhilips MediaPhilips LightingPhillipsPhilips Research LaboratoriesColor KineticsPhilips Interactive MediaPhilips Medical SystemsPhilips Healthcare
Koninklijke Philips N.V.wikipedia
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Amsterdam

Amsterdam, NetherlandsAmsterdam, The NetherlandsAmsterdam, Holland
Koninklijke Philips N.V. (literally Royal Philips, stylized as PHILIPS) is a Dutch multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Amsterdam, one of the largest electronics companies in the world, currently focused in the area of healthcare and lighting.
Many large Dutch institutions have their headquarters there, including Philips, AkzoNobel, TomTom and ING.

Cassette tape

cassetteCScompact cassette
The company started making electric shavers in 1939 under the Philishave brand, and post-war they developed the Compact Cassette format and co-developed the Compact Disc format with Sony, as well as numerous other technologies.
It was developed by Philips in Hasselt, Belgium, and introduced in September 1963.

Compact disc

CDCDsCD single
The company started making electric shavers in 1939 under the Philishave brand, and post-war they developed the Compact Cassette format and co-developed the Compact Disc format with Sony, as well as numerous other technologies.
Compact disc (CD) is a digital optical disc data storage format that was co-developed by Philips and Sony and released in 1982.

PSV Eindhoven

PSVPhilips Sport VerenigingPSV 2
They also have had a sports club since 1913 called PSV Eindhoven.
The club was founded in 1913 as a team for Philips employees.

Anton Philips

AntonAnton Frederik Philips
In 1895, after a difficult first few years and near bankruptcy, the Philipses brought in Anton, Gerard's younger brother by sixteen years.
Anton Frederik Philips (14 March 1874 – 7 October 1951) co-founded Royal Philips Electronics N.V. in 1912 with his older brother Gerard Philips in Eindhoven, the Netherlands.

Eindhoven

Eindhoven, NetherlandsMayor of EindhovenEindhoven, The Netherlands
It was founded in Eindhoven in 1891 by Gerard Philips and his father Frederik, with their first products being light bulbs.
Industrial activities initially centred around tobacco and textiles and boomed with the rise of lighting and electronics giant Philips, which was founded as a light bulb manufacturing company in Eindhoven in 1891.

Magnavox

Magnavox Electronic SystemsMagnavox Corp.Magnavox Research Laboratories
Acquisitions include that of Signetics and Magnavox.
Since 1974, it has been a subsidiary of Dutch electronics corporation Philips.

Signetics

Acquisitions include that of Signetics and Magnavox.
They were bought by Philips in 1975 and incorporated in Philips Semiconductors (now NXP).

Gerard Philips

GerardGerard
It was founded in Eindhoven in 1891 by Gerard Philips and his father Frederik, with their first products being light bulbs.
Gerard Leonard Frederik Philips (9 October 1858 – 26 January 1942) was a Dutch industrialist and co-founder, with his father Frederik Philips, of Philips as a family business in 1891.

Operation Oyster

daylight raid
On 6 December 1942, the British No. 2 Group RAF undertook Operation Oyster, which heavily damaged the Philips Radio factory in Eindhoven with few casualties among the Dutch workers and civilians.
Operation Oyster was a bombing raid made by the Royal Air Force (RAF) on 6 December 1942 upon the Philips Works at Eindhoven, Netherlands.

Frits Philips

Frits Philips, the son of Anton, was the only Philips family member to stay in the Netherlands.
Frederik Jacques "Frits" Philips (16 April 1905 – 5 December 2005) was the fourth chairman of the board of directors of the Dutch electronics company Philips, which his uncle and father founded.

Philips Records

PhilipsPhillipsPhilips Classics
In 1950, it formed Philips Records, which eventually formed part of PolyGram.
Philips Records is a record label founded by the Dutch electronics company Philips.

PCJJ

On 11 March 1927, Philips went on the air with shortwave radio station PCJJ (later PCJ) which was joined in 1929 by sister station PHOHI (Philips Omroep Holland-Indië).
PCJJ (later known as PCJ) was a pioneering shortwave radio station in the Netherlands operated by Philips Radio on behalf of Philips Laboratories, a division of Philips Electronics.

Stirling engine

StirlingStirling enginesdisplacer
Philips was instrumental in the revival of the Stirling engine when, in the early 1930s, the management decided that offering a low-power portable generator would assist in expanding sales of its radios into parts of the world where mains electricity was unavailable and the supply of batteries uncertain.
Around that time, Philips was seeking to expand sales of its radios into parts of the world where grid electricity and batteries were not consistently available.

Philishave

rotary models
The company started making electric shavers in 1939 under the Philishave brand, and post-war they developed the Compact Cassette format and co-developed the Compact Disc format with Sony, as well as numerous other technologies. In 1939, they introduced their electric razor, the Philishave (marketed in the US using the Norelco brand name).
Philishave was the brand name for the electric shavers manufactured by the Philips Domestic Appliances and Personal Care unit of Philips (in the U.S., the Norelco name is used instead).

Norelco

Philips Norelco
In 1939, they introduced their electric razor, the Philishave (marketed in the US using the Norelco brand name).
Norelco is the American brand name for electric shavers and other personal care products made by the Consumer Lifestyle division of Philips.

Philips Computers

Vendex HeadStart
Philips continued with computers through the early 1990s (see separate article: Philips Computers).
Philips Telecommunicatie en Informatie Systemen (Philips Computers) was a subsidiary of Philips that designed and manufactured personal computers.

Applications of the Stirling engine

cryocoolerFree Piston Stirling CoolerStirling cooler
In parallel with the generator set, Philips developed experimental Stirling engines for a wide variety of applications and continued to work in the field until the late 1970s, though the only commercial success was the 'reversed Stirling engine' cryocooler.
Automobiles exclusively powered by Stirling engines were developed in test projects by NASA, as well as earlier projects by the Ford Motor Company using engines provided by Philips, and by American Motors Corporation (AMC) with several cars equipped with units from Sweden's United Stirling built under a license from Philips.

Happy Station Show

Happy StationEdward Startz
The international program on Sundays commenced in 1928, with host Eddie Startz hosting the Happy Station show, which became the world's longest-running shortwave program.
The program premiered on November 19, 1928 and was broadcast first by the private Philips Radio station PCJJ (later PCJ), and from 1947 by Radio Netherlands.

Mini-Cassette

minicassetteMC
Philips reduced the cassette size for the professional needs with the Mini-Cassette, although it would not be as successful as the Olympus Microcassette.
The Mini-Cassette, often written minicassette, is a magnetic tape audio cassette format introduced by Philips in 1967.

PolyGram

PolyGram RecordsPolyGram GreecePolyGram International
In 1950, it formed Philips Records, which eventually formed part of PolyGram.
It was founded in 1962 as the Grammophon-Philips Group by Dutch Philips and German Siemens, to be a holding for their record companies, and was renamed "PolyGram" in 1972.

Radio Netherlands Worldwide

Radio NetherlandsRadio NederlandRNW
Philips Radio was absorbed shortly after liberation when its two shortwave stations were nationalised in 1947 and renamed Radio Netherlands Worldwide, the Dutch International Service.
Regular international broadcast transmissions started shortly afterwards from the Philips shortwave transmitter in Eindhoven.

LaserDisc

LDlaser discLaserVision
Philips had developed a LaserDisc early on for selling movies, but delayed its commercial launch for fear of cannibalizing its video recorder sales.
By 1969, Philips had developed a videodisc in reflective mode, which has advantages over the transparent mode.

Sony

Sony CorporationSony ElectronicsSony Corp.
The company started making electric shavers in 1939 under the Philishave brand, and post-war they developed the Compact Cassette format and co-developed the Compact Disc format with Sony, as well as numerous other technologies.
In 1983, Sony followed their counterpart Philips to the compact disc (CD).

ASM International

ASM International (company)Advanced Semiconductor Materials International
In 1984, Philips split off its activities on the field of photolithographic integrated circuit production equipment, the so-called wafer steppers, into a joint venture with ASM International, located in Veldhoven under the name ASML.
ASMi has been the co-founder with Philips Electronics of the company ASML.