Philistines

PhilistinePhilistiaPelesetPhilistima peopleList of battles between Israel and the PhilistinesPhilistine city statesPhillistinePhillistinesPlishtim
The Philistines were an ancient people who lived on the south coast of Canaan between the 12th century BC and 604 BC when they were exiled to Mesopotamia by King Nebuchadnezzar II. They are known for their biblical conflict with the Israelites.wikipedia
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Gaza City

GazaGazanGaza District
Deuteronomist sources describe the "Five Lords of the Philistines" as based in five city-states of the southwestern Levant: Gaza, Ashkelon, Ashdod, Ekron, and Gath, from Wadi Gaza in the south to the Yarqon River in the north. According to Joshua and, the land of the Philistines (or Allophyloi), called Philistia, was a pentapolis in the southwestern Levant comprising the five city-states of Gaza, Ashkelon, Ashdod, Ekron, and Gath, from Wadi Gaza in the south to the Yarqon River in the north, but with no fixed border to the east.
The Philistines made it a part of their pentapolis after the Ancient Egyptians had ruled it for nearly 350 years.

Ashkelon

AscalonMajdalal-Majdal
Deuteronomist sources describe the "Five Lords of the Philistines" as based in five city-states of the southwestern Levant: Gaza, Ashkelon, Ashdod, Ekron, and Gath, from Wadi Gaza in the south to the Yarqon River in the north. According to Joshua and, the land of the Philistines (or Allophyloi), called Philistia, was a pentapolis in the southwestern Levant comprising the five city-states of Gaza, Ashkelon, Ashdod, Ekron, and Gath, from Wadi Gaza in the south to the Yarqon River in the north, but with no fixed border to the east.
In the course of its history, it has been ruled by the Ancient Egyptians, the Canaanites, the Philistines, the Assyrians, the Babylonians, the Greeks, the Phoenicians, the Hasmoneans, the Romans, the Persians, the Arabs and the Crusaders, until it was destroyed by the Mamluks in 1270.

Ekron

Tel Miqne-EkronTel MiqneAccaron
Deuteronomist sources describe the "Five Lords of the Philistines" as based in five city-states of the southwestern Levant: Gaza, Ashkelon, Ashdod, Ekron, and Gath, from Wadi Gaza in the south to the Yarqon River in the north. According to Joshua and, the land of the Philistines (or Allophyloi), called Philistia, was a pentapolis in the southwestern Levant comprising the five city-states of Gaza, Ashkelon, Ashdod, Ekron, and Gath, from Wadi Gaza in the south to the Yarqon River in the north, but with no fixed border to the east.
The city of Ekron ( ʿeqrōn, عقرون), in the Hellenistic period known as Accaron, was one of the five cities of the famed Philistine pentapolis, located in southwestern Canaan.

Ashdod

IsdudAzotusAshdod, Israel
Deuteronomist sources describe the "Five Lords of the Philistines" as based in five city-states of the southwestern Levant: Gaza, Ashkelon, Ashdod, Ekron, and Gath, from Wadi Gaza in the south to the Yarqon River in the north. According to Joshua and, the land of the Philistines (or Allophyloi), called Philistia, was a pentapolis in the southwestern Levant comprising the five city-states of Gaza, Ashkelon, Ashdod, Ekron, and Gath, from Wadi Gaza in the south to the Yarqon River in the north, but with no fixed border to the east.
During its pre-1956 history the city was settled by Philistines, Israelites, Greek colonists coming in the wake of Alexander's conquests, Romans and Byzantines, Arabs, Crusaders, and Ottoman Turks.

Gath (city)

GathGittiteGath of the Philistines
Deuteronomist sources describe the "Five Lords of the Philistines" as based in five city-states of the southwestern Levant: Gaza, Ashkelon, Ashdod, Ekron, and Gath, from Wadi Gaza in the south to the Yarqon River in the north. According to Joshua and, the land of the Philistines (or Allophyloi), called Philistia, was a pentapolis in the southwestern Levant comprising the five city-states of Gaza, Ashkelon, Ashdod, Ekron, and Gath, from Wadi Gaza in the south to the Yarqon River in the north, but with no fixed border to the east.
Gath or Gat (Biblical Hebrew: – Gaṯ, wine press; Geth), often referred to as Gath of the Philistines, was one of the five Philistine city-states, established in northeastern Philistia.

Kingdom of Israel (united monarchy)

Kingdom of IsraelUnited MonarchyIsrael
This description portrays them at one period of time as among the Kingdom of Israel's most dangerous enemies.
The anti-monarchical source describes Samuel as having thoroughly routed the Philistines, yet begrudgingly accepting the people's demand for a ruler, subsequently appointing Saul by cleromancy.

Ramesses III

Ramses IIIRameses III1190 B.C.
The primary source of information about the Philistines is the Hebrew Bible, but they are first attested to in reliefs at the Temple of Ramses III at Medinet Habu, where they are called, accepted as cognate with Hebrew ; the parallel Assyrian term is,, or.
In Year 8 of his reign, the Sea Peoples, including Peleset, Denyen, Shardana, Meshwesh of the sea, and Tjekker, invaded Egypt by land and sea.

Philistia

PalestinePhilistineKingdom of Philistia
In secondary literature, the Aramaic Visions of Amram (4Q543-7) further mentions "Philistia". According to Joshua and, the land of the Philistines (or Allophyloi), called Philistia, was a pentapolis in the southwestern Levant comprising the five city-states of Gaza, Ashkelon, Ashdod, Ekron, and Gath, from Wadi Gaza in the south to the Yarqon River in the north, but with no fixed border to the east.
Philistia (, Pleshet) was a geo-political region occupied by the Philistines.

Casluhim

The first reference to Philistines in the Hebrew Bible is in the Table of Nations, where they are said to descend from Casluhim, son of Mizraim (Egypt).
According to the Book of Genesis and the Books of Chronicles, the Casluhim were descendants of Mizraim (Egypt) son of Ham, out of whom originated the Philistines.

Abraham

IbrahimAbramAvraham
However, the Philistines of Genesis who are friendly to Abraham are identified by rabbinic sources as distinct from the warlike people described in Deuteronomistic history.
Abraham settled between Kadesh and Shur in the land of the Philistines.

Books of Samuel

1 Samuel2 SamuelSamuel
The Hebrew term occurs 286 times in the Masoretic Text of the Hebrew Bible (of which 152 times are in 1 Samuel).
The story of the Ark of the Covenant that follows tells of Israel's oppression by the Philistines, which brought about Samuel's anointing of Saul as Israel's first king.

Cherethites and Pelethites

CherethitesPelethiteselite Cherethite/Pelethite Royal guard
Some biblical passages connect the Philistines to other biblical groups such as Caphtorim and the Cherethites and Pelethites, which have both been identified with Crete which has led to the tradition of an Aegean origin.
In the Masoretic version of the Book of Ezekiel, a group referred to as "children of the land league" are stated as being allies of Egypt, but in the Septuagint version of the same passage, the group are described instead as "children of the Cherethites"; scholars believe that this is a reference to an alliance of the Philistines as a whole, rather than a subgroup.

Sherden

ShardanaSards or ShardanaSchartana
[……] proved to be none other than the biblical Philistines." Dothan and Dothan's description was incorrect in stating that the naval battle scene (Champollion, Monuments, Plate CCXXII) "carefully labeled with a hieroglyphic inscription" each of the combatants, and Champollion's posthumously published manuscript notes contained only one short paragraph on the naval scene with only the "Fekkaro" and "Schaïratana" identified (Champollion, Monuments, page 368). Dothan and Dothan's following paragraph "Dr.
At Medinet Habu the corselet appears similar to that worn by the Philistines.

Generations of Noah

Table of Nationssons of NoahGenesis 10
The first reference to Philistines in the Hebrew Bible is in the Table of Nations, where they are said to descend from Casluhim, son of Mizraim (Egypt).
Further descendants include Eber (from which "Hebrews"), the hunter-king Nimrod, and the Philistines.

Abimelech

Abimelech of GerarheKing Abimelech
In, Abraham agrees to a covenant of kindness with Abimelech, the Philistine king, and his descendants.
Abimelech (also spelled Abimelek or Avimelech; ) was the name of multiple Philistine kings mentioned in the Hebrew Bible.

Canaan

CanaanitesCanaaniteLand of Canaan
The Philistines were an ancient people who lived on the south coast of Canaan between the 12th century BC and 604 BC when they were exiled to Mesopotamia by King Nebuchadnezzar II.
By the Early Iron Age, the southern Levant came to be dominated by the kingdoms of Israel and Judah, besides the Philistine city-states on the Mediterranean coast, and the kingdoms of Moab, Ammon, and Aram-Damascus east of the Jordan River, and Edom to the south.

Mizraim

MizriEgyptMezraim
The first reference to Philistines in the Hebrew Bible is in the Table of Nations, where they are said to descend from Casluhim, son of Mizraim (Egypt).
Mizraim's sons were Ludim, Anamim, Lehabim, Naphtuhim, Pathrusim, Casluhim (out of whom came Philistim), and Caphtorim.

Samson

SampsonShimshonSamson and Delilah
On the basis of the LXX's regular translation into "allophyloi", Robert Drews states that the term "Philistines" means simply "non-Israelites of the Promised Land" when used in the context of Samson, Saul and David. tells that the Philistines dominated the Israelites in the times of Samson, who fought and killed over a thousand (e.g. ). According to 1 Samuel 5-6, they even captured the Ark of the Covenant for a few months.
The biblical account states that Samson was a Nazirite, and that he was given immense strength to aid him against his enemies and allow him to perform superhuman feats, including slaying a lion with his bare hands and massacring an entire army of Philistines using only the jawbone of a donkey.

David

King DavidDavid and GoliathDavidic
On the basis of the LXX's regular translation into "allophyloi", Robert Drews states that the term "Philistines" means simply "non-Israelites of the Promised Land" when used in the context of Samson, Saul and David.
Having been told that his younger daughter Michal was in love with David, Saul gave her in marriage to David upon David's payment in Philistine foreskins (ancient Jewish historian Josephus lists the dowry as 600 Philistine heads).

Goliath

David and GoliathDavid vs. GoliathDavid versus Goliath
Although most Philistine names are Semitic (such as Ahimelech, Mitinti, Hanun, and Dagon) some of the Philistine names, such as Goliath, Achish, and Phicol, appear to be of non-Semitic origin, and Indo-European etymologies have been suggested.
Goliath is described in the biblical Book of Samuel as a Philistine giant defeated by the young David in single combat.

Battle of Aphek

During this battle the Philistines defeated the Israelite army and captured the Ark of the Covenant.

Ark of the Covenant

arkArk of GodThe Ark of the Covenant
tells that the Philistines dominated the Israelites in the times of Samson, who fought and killed over a thousand (e.g. ). According to 1 Samuel 5-6, they even captured the Ark of the Covenant for a few months.
A few years later the elders of Israel decided to take the Ark out onto the battlefield to assist them against the Philistines, after being defeated at the battle of Eben-Ezer.

Eben-Ezer

EbenezerIzbet SartahAviʿazar
Eben-Ezer (אבן העזר, ’eḇen hā-‘ezer, "the stone of help") is the name of a location that is mentioned by the Books of Samuel as the scene of battles between the Israelites and Philistines.

Pentapolis

Five Cities
According to Joshua and, the land of the Philistines (or Allophyloi), called Philistia, was a pentapolis in the southwestern Levant comprising the five city-states of Gaza, Ashkelon, Ashdod, Ekron, and Gath, from Wadi Gaza in the south to the Yarqon River in the north, but with no fixed border to the east.

Isaac

SonYitzchak/IsaacIsak
Abraham's son Isaac deals with the Philistine king similarly, by concluding a treaty with them in chapter 26.
When the land experienced famine, he removed to the Philistine land of Gerar where his father once lived.