Philosophy of the Unconscious

The Philosophy of the UnconsciousEduard von Hartmann's ''Philosophy of the Unconscious
Philosophy of the Unconscious: Speculative Results According to the Induction Method of the Physical Sciences (Philosophie des Unbewussten) is an 1869 book by the philosopher Eduard von Hartmann.wikipedia
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Sigmund Freud

FreudFreudianFreudian theory
The work influenced Sigmund Freud's and Carl Jung's theories of the unconscious.
Freud owned and made use of Charles Darwin's major evolutionary writings, and was also influenced by Eduard von Hartmann's The Philosophy of the Unconscious (1869).

Unconscious mind

unconsciousunconsciouslythe unconscious
The work influenced Sigmund Freud's and Carl Jung's theories of the unconscious.
Eduard von Hartmann published a book dedicated to the topic, Philosophy of the Unconscious, in 1869.

Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint

Philosophy of the Unconscious received a critical discussion in the philosopher Franz Brentano's Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint (1874); Brentano commented that Hartmann's definition of consciousness perhaps referred to "something purely imaginary" and certainly did not agree with his definition of consciousness.
Discussing Eduard von Hartmann's Philosophy of the Unconscious (1869), Brentano comments that Hartmann "uses the term 'consciousness' to refer to something different from what we do. He defines consciousness as 'the emancipation of the idea from the will...and the opposition of the will to this emancipation,' and as 'the bewilderment of the will over the existence of the idea, which existence the will does not want but which, nevertheless, is sensibly present.' Brentano suggests that Hartmann's definition of consciousness perhaps refers to "something purely imaginary", and certainly does not agree with Brentano's definition.

Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann

Eduard von HartmannHartmannVon Hartmann
Philosophy of the Unconscious: Speculative Results According to the Induction Method of the Physical Sciences (Philosophie des Unbewussten) is an 1869 book by the philosopher Eduard von Hartmann.
Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann (23 February 1842 – 5 June 1906) was a German philosopher, author of Philosophy of the Unconscious (1869).

Carl Jung

JungCarl Gustav JungC. G. Jung
The work influenced Sigmund Freud's and Carl Jung's theories of the unconscious.

Franz Brentano

BrentanoDescriptive psychology (Brentano)Franz
Philosophy of the Unconscious received a critical discussion in the philosopher Franz Brentano's Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint (1874); Brentano commented that Hartmann's definition of consciousness perhaps referred to "something purely imaginary" and certainly did not agree with his definition of consciousness.

Friedrich Nietzsche

NietzscheNietzscheanFriedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche
The philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche described Hartmann's book as a "philosophy of unconscious irony", in his On the Use and Abuse of History for Life, one of the essays included in Untimely Meditations (1876).

Untimely Meditations

The Untimely MeditationsOn the Use and Abuse of History for LifeUntimely Meditations (Nietzsche)
The philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche described Hartmann's book as a "philosophy of unconscious irony", in his On the Use and Abuse of History for Life, one of the essays included in Untimely Meditations (1876).

The Interpretation of Dreams

Interpretation of Dreamstheory of dreamsdream interpretation
Freud consulted Philosophy of the Unconscious while writing The Interpretation of Dreams (1899), in which he called Hartmann the firmest opponent of the theory that dreams are wish fulfillments.

Hans Vaihinger

Vaihinger, H.
The philosopher Hans Vaihinger was influenced by Philosophy of the Unconscious, relating in his The Philosophy of 'As if' (1911) how it led him to Schopenhauer.

The Philosophy of 'As if'

As ifThe philosophy of 'As If
The philosopher Hans Vaihinger was influenced by Philosophy of the Unconscious, relating in his The Philosophy of 'As if' (1911) how it led him to Schopenhauer.

Henri Ellenberger

Henri F. EllenbergerEllenberger, Henri
The psychiatrist Henri Ellenberger writes in The Discovery of the Unconscious (1970) that the main interest of Hartmann's work is not its philosophical theories, but its wealth of supporting material.

The Discovery of the Unconscious

The psychiatrist Henri Ellenberger writes in The Discovery of the Unconscious (1970) that the main interest of Hartmann's work is not its philosophical theories, but its wealth of supporting material.

Hans Eysenck

Hans Jürgen EysenckEysenckH. J. Eysenck
The psychologist Hans Eysenck writes in Decline and Fall of the Freudian Empire (1985) that Hartmann's version of the unconscious is very similar to Freud's.

Decline and Fall of the Freudian Empire

The psychologist Hans Eysenck writes in Decline and Fall of the Freudian Empire (1985) that Hartmann's version of the unconscious is very similar to Freud's.

Roger Scruton

Sir Roger ScrutonScruton, RogerRoger
The philosopher Roger Scruton described Philosophy of the Unconscious as the "first major treatise" about the unconscious in Sexual Desire (1986).

Sexual Desire (book)

Sexual DesireSexual Desire: A Moral Philosophy of the Erotic
The philosopher Roger Scruton described Philosophy of the Unconscious as the "first major treatise" about the unconscious in Sexual Desire (1986).

Intentionality

intentionalaboutact psychology
He credited Hartmann with offering a "canny and vigorous" description of sexual desire, but nevertheless considered him unsuccessful in explaining its intentionality.

John Kerr (author)

John Kerr
John Kerr writes that Hartmann's ideas about "destruction and transformation" parallel those of psychoanalyst Sabina Spielrein.

Sabina Spielrein

Sabina Nikolayevna Spielrein
John Kerr writes that Hartmann's ideas about "destruction and transformation" parallel those of psychoanalyst Sabina Spielrein.

Giovanni Pascoli

Pascoli
The Italian poet Giovanni Pascoli was influenced by Philosophy of the Unconscious in his poetics program, "Il fanciullino" ("The child", 1897).

Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition

1911 Encyclopædia BritannicaEncyclopædia Britannica'' Eleventh Edition1911 ''Encyclopædia Britannica
It is currently available as a reprint with the same title but the unattributed article on von Hartmann in the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) added "Die" to the title of the German and "The" to its English translation.

Paperback

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