Phlebotomy

phlebotomistphlebotomistsphlebotomiesVenotomyblood drawingblood drawnblood-drawingdrawing blooddrawnphlebotomize
Phlebotomy is the process of making a puncture in a vein with a needle, for the purpose of taking blood.wikipedia
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Venipuncture

venesectionphlebotomyblood samples
The procedure itself is known as a venipuncture. Phlebotomists collect blood primarily by performing venipunctures (or, for collection of minute quantities of blood, finger sticks).
In healthcare, this procedure is performed by medical laboratory scientists, medical practitioners, some EMTs, paramedics, phlebotomists, dialysis technicians, and other nursing staff.

National Healthcareer Association

National Health Career Association
These include: American Certification Agency (ACA), American Medical Technologists (AMT), American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP), National Center for Competency Testing/Multi-skilled Medical Certification Institute (NCCT/MMCI), National Credentialing Agency (NCA), National Healthcareer Association (NHA), National Phlebotomy Certification Examination (NPCE).
These positions would include individuals working as a phlebotomist, EKG technician, clinical medical assistant, patient care technicians, medical laboratory assistants, medical transcriptionists, medical administrative assistants, billing and coding specialists, mental health technicians, and surgical/operating room technicians.

Medical laboratory

clinical laboratorylaboratory medicinelaboratory
To qualify to sit for an examination, candidates must complete a full phlebotomy course and provide documentation of clinical or laboratory experience.
These orders are typically drawn during a morning run by phlebotomists for results to be available in the patient's charts for the attending physicians to consult during their morning rounds.

Medical laboratory scientist

Medical technologistmedical technicianClinical laboratory scientist
In some facilities that have few phlebotomists, or none at all, (such as in rural areas) medical laboratory scientists may perform phlebotomy on patients, as this skill is part of the clinical training.

Vein

veinsvenousvenous system
Phlebotomy is the process of making a puncture in a vein with a needle, for the purpose of taking blood.

Fingerstick

fingerprickfinger prickfinger stick
Phlebotomists collect blood primarily by performing venipunctures (or, for collection of minute quantities of blood, finger sticks).

Neonatal heel prick

Guthrie testheel stickGuthrie
Blood may be collected from infants by means of a heel stick.

Asepsis

asepticsterileaseptic technique
The duties of a phlebotomist may include properly identifying the patient, interpreting the tests requested on the requisition, drawing blood into the correct tubes with the proper additives, accurately explaining the procedure to the patients, preparing patients accordingly, practising the required forms of asepsis, practising standard and universal precautions, performing the skin/vein puncture, withdrawing blood into containers or tubes, restoring hemostasis of the puncture site, instructing patients on post-puncture care, ordering tests per the doctor's requisition, affixing tubes with electronically printed labels, and delivering specimens to a laboratory.

Universal precautions

standard precautionsbarrier nursing
The duties of a phlebotomist may include properly identifying the patient, interpreting the tests requested on the requisition, drawing blood into the correct tubes with the proper additives, accurately explaining the procedure to the patients, preparing patients accordingly, practising the required forms of asepsis, practising standard and universal precautions, performing the skin/vein puncture, withdrawing blood into containers or tubes, restoring hemostasis of the puncture site, instructing patients on post-puncture care, ordering tests per the doctor's requisition, affixing tubes with electronically printed labels, and delivering specimens to a laboratory.

Hemostasis

haemostasishemostaticstop bleeding
The duties of a phlebotomist may include properly identifying the patient, interpreting the tests requested on the requisition, drawing blood into the correct tubes with the proper additives, accurately explaining the procedure to the patients, preparing patients accordingly, practising the required forms of asepsis, practising standard and universal precautions, performing the skin/vein puncture, withdrawing blood into containers or tubes, restoring hemostasis of the puncture site, instructing patients on post-puncture care, ordering tests per the doctor's requisition, affixing tubes with electronically printed labels, and delivering specimens to a laboratory.

Australia

AUSAustralianCommonwealth of Australia
In Australia, there are a number of courses in phlebotomy offered by educational institutions, but training is typically provided on the job.

United Kingdom

BritishUKBritain
In the UK there is no requirement for holding a formal qualification or certification prior to becoming a phlebotomist as training is usually provided on the job.

National Health Service

NHSNational Health Service (NHS)National Health Services
The NHS offers training with formal certification upon completion.

United States

AmericanU.S.USA
Special state certification in the United States is required only in four states: California, Washington, Nevada, and Louisiana.

California

CAState of CaliforniaCalifornia, USA
Special state certification in the United States is required only in four states: California, Washington, Nevada, and Louisiana.

Washington (state)

WashingtonWashington StateWA
Special state certification in the United States is required only in four states: California, Washington, Nevada, and Louisiana.

Nevada

NVState of NevadaNevada, USA
Special state certification in the United States is required only in four states: California, Washington, Nevada, and Louisiana.

Louisiana

LAState of LouisianaLouisiana, USA
Special state certification in the United States is required only in four states: California, Washington, Nevada, and Louisiana.

American Society for Clinical Pathology

American Society of Clinical PathologistsAmerican Journal of Clinical PathologyASCP
These include: American Certification Agency (ACA), American Medical Technologists (AMT), American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP), National Center for Competency Testing/Multi-skilled Medical Certification Institute (NCCT/MMCI), National Credentialing Agency (NCA), National Healthcareer Association (NHA), National Phlebotomy Certification Examination (NPCE).

Leech

leechesHirudineaArhynchobdellida
Early "phlebotomists" used techniques such as leeches and incision to extract blood from the body.

Humorism

humorshumoursfour humours
Bloodletting was used as a therapeutic as well as a prophylactic process, thought to remove toxins from the body and to balance the humours.

Barber surgeon

barber-surgeonbarber surgeonsbarber-surgeons
While physicians did perform bloodletting, it was a specialty of barber surgeons, the primary provider of health care to most people in the medieval and early modern eras.