Phobia

phobiasphobicfearirrational fearfearsPhobic disorderphobic disordersphobosSpecific Phobiacheimatophobia
A phobia is a type of anxiety disorder defined by a persistent and excessive fear of an object or situation.wikipedia
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Anxiety disorder

anxiety disordersanxietynervous disorder
A phobia is a type of anxiety disorder defined by a persistent and excessive fear of an object or situation.
There are several anxiety disorders, including generalized anxiety disorder, specific phobia, social anxiety disorder, separation anxiety disorder, agoraphobia, panic disorder, and selective mutism.

Agoraphobia

agoraphobicagoraphobea fear of crowds
Phobias can be divided into specific phobias, social phobia, and agoraphobia.
In the DSM-5 agoraphobia is classified as a phobia along with specific phobias and social phobia.

Acrophobia

fear of heightsacrophobicafraid of heights
The most common are fear of spiders, fear of snakes, and fear of heights.
Acrophobia is an extreme or irrational fear or phobia of heights, especially when one is not particularly high up.

Specific phobia

specific phobiasclass of specific phobiasPhobias
Phobias can be divided into specific phobias, social phobia, and agoraphobia.
A person who encounters that of which they are phobic will often show signs of fear or express discomfort.

Psychotherapy

psychotherapistpsychotherapeutictherapy
Social phobia and agoraphobia are often treated with some combination of counselling and medication.
The approach became commonly used for phobias, as well as other disorders.

DSM-5

DSM-Vmental health disordersDiagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Most phobias are classified into three categories and, according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-V), such phobias are considered sub-types of anxiety disorder.

Panic attack

panic attacksanxiety attackanxiety attacks
Agoraphobia is often associated with panic attacks.
People will often experience panic attacks as a direct result of exposure to an object/situation that they have a phobia for.

Fear

terrorapprehensionfears
In addition to memory, the amygdala also triggers the secretion of hormones that affect fear and aggression.
An irrational fear is called a phobia.

Social anxiety disorder

social phobiaAnthropophobiasociophobia
Phobias can be divided into specific phobias, social phobia, and agoraphobia.
According to psychologist B. F. Skinner, phobias are controlled by escape and avoidance behaviors.

Systematic desensitization

systematic desensitisationgraduated exposure therapyphobias
These methods include systematic desensitization, progressive relaxation, virtual reality, modeling, medication and hypnotherapy.
It is used in the field of clinical psychology to help many people effectively overcome phobias and other anxiety disorders that are based on classical conditioning, and shares the same elements of both cognitive-behavioral therapy and applied behavior analysis.

Fear conditioning

associative fear memoryauditory fear trainingconditioned
The amygdala's ability to respond to fearful stimuli occurs through the process of fear conditioning.
Research into the acquisition, consolidation and extinction of conditioned fear promises to inform new drug based and psychotherapeutic treatments for an array of pathological conditions such as dissociation, phobias and post-traumatic stress disorder.

Virtual reality therapy

Virtual reality exposure therapyVirtual RehabilitationVirtual reality exposure (VRE) therapy
Virtual reality therapy is another technique that helps phobic people confront a feared object.
In many environmental phobias, reaction to the perceived hazards, such as heights, speaking in public, flying, close spaces, are usually triggered by visual and auditory stimuli.

Classical conditioning

conditioningPavlovian conditioningPavlovian
Much of the progress in understanding the acquisition of fear responses in phobias can be attributed to classical conditioning (Pavlovian model).
The influence of classical conditioning can be seen in emotional responses such as phobia, disgust, nausea, anger, and sexual arousal.

Mental disorder

mental illnessnervous breakdownmentally ill
An American study by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) found that between 8.7 percent and 18.1 percent of Americans suffer from phobias, making it the most common mental illness among women in all age groups and the second most common illness among men older than 25.
Commonly recognized categories include specific phobias, generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, panic disorder, agoraphobia, obsessive-compulsive disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder.

Fear of bees

Apiphobiamelissaphobiamelissophobia
However, there are many phobias irregularly named with Latin prefixes, such as apiphobia instead of melissaphobia (fear of bees) or aviphobia instead of ornithophobia (fear of birds).
Fear of bees (or of bee stings), technically known as melissophobia (from μέλισσα, melissa, "honey bee" +, phobos, "fear") and also known as apiphobia (from Latin apis for "honey bee" + φόβος, phobos, "fear"), is one of the common fears among people and is a kind of specific phobia.

Photophobia

photophobicsensitivity to lightlight sensitivity
Similarly, the term photophobia usually refers to a physical complaint (aversion to light due to inflamed eyes or excessively dilated pupils), rather than an irrational fear of light.
As a medical symptom, photophobia is not a morbid fear or phobia, but an experience of discomfort or pain to the eyes due to light exposure or by presence of actual physical sensitivity of the eyes, though the term is sometimes additionally applied to abnormal or irrational fear of light such as heliophobia.

Homophobia

homophobichomophobeanti-gay
Coined by George Weinberg, a psychologist, in the 1960s, the term homophobia is a blend of (1) the word homosexual, itself a mix of neo-classical morphemes, and (2) phobia from the Greek φόβος, phóbos, meaning "fear", "morbid fear" or "aversion".

Chemophobia

chemophobicchem-phobia
Despite containing the suffix -phobia, the majority of written work focusing on addressing chemophobia describes it as a non-clinical aversion or prejudice, and not as a phobia in the standard medical definition.

List of phobias

ornithophobiafear of bats-phobia
The regular system for naming specific phobias to use prefix based on a Greek word for the object of the fear, plus the suffix -phobia.
For more information on the psychiatric side, including how psychiatry groups phobias such as agoraphobia, social phobia, or simple phobia, see phobia.

Aggression

aggressiveaggressivenessaggressive behavior
In addition to memory, the amygdala also triggers the secretion of hormones that affect fear and aggression.

Phobos (mythology)

Phobosfeara companion
In ancient Greek mythology Phobos was the twin brother of Deimos (terror).
The word "phobia" derives from phobos,, meaning fear.

Distress (medicine)

distressemotional distressdistressed
If the feared object or situation cannot be avoided, the affected person experiences significant distress.

Syncope (medicine)

syncopefaintingfainted
With blood or injury phobia, fainting may occur.

Arachnophobia

arachnophobicarachnophobefear of spiders
The most common are fear of spiders, fear of snakes, and fear of heights.

Ophidiophobia

fear of snakessnakesafraid of snakes
The most common are fear of spiders, fear of snakes, and fear of heights.