Phoenix, Arizona

Map of Hohokam lands ca. 1350
The Phillip Darrell Duppa adobe house was built in 1870 and is the oldest house in Phoenix. The homestead is named after "Lord" Darrell Duppa, an Englishman who is credited with naming Phoenix and Tempe as well as founding the town of New River.
Aerial lithograph of Phoenix from 1885
Central Avenue, Phoenix, 1908
Phoenix skyline, c. 1940
Phoenix in May 1972, with South Mountain in the background
Sentinel-2 satellite image of the Phoenix metro area in 2020
Map of the urban villages of Phoenix
A 2011 haboob
Fire-damaged saguaro cactus near Phoenix.
Median Household Income across metro Phoenix; the darker the green, the higher the income.
Percent of people living in poverty across metro Phoenix; the darker the red, the higher the concentration of poverty
Map of racial distribution in Phoenix, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people:
Trinity Episcopal Cathedral
3300 North Central Avenue, an office building in downtown Phoenix
Orpheum Theater – Phoenix
The "Xeros Residence" in Phoenix
The Arizona Biltmore Hotel
Footprint Center in downtown Phoenix.
State Farm Stadium on the game day of Super Bowl XLII (February 3, 2008)
Gila River Arena in Glendale
Camelback Mountain
The Arizona State Capitol, which used to house the state legislature, is now a museum.
Phoenix City Hall, showing the city's logo, the phoenix bird
Arizona State Capitol Executive Tower at 1700 W. Washington St.
The campus of ASU from Tempe Butte in nearby Tempe
Thunderbird control tower-Thunderbird School of Global Management
An aerial view of the control tower at Phoenix Sky Harbor that began operations on January 17, 2007.
Union Station Phoenix – 2009
Valley Metro Rail station – 2009
The Stack (Interstates 10 and 17) interchange at night in 2012
Central Arizona Project (CAP) canal
Maricopa Medical Center
Signpost showing Phoenix's sister cities

Capital and most populous city in the American state of Arizona, with 1,608,139 residents as of 2020.

- Phoenix, Arizona

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Hohokam

Culture in the North American Southwest in what is now part of Arizona, United States, and Sonora, Mexico.

The Great House at the Casa Grande Ruins National Monument
Map of Hohokam and neighboring cultures, circa 1350
Hiking trail leading to Indian Mesa (in the background): The hiking trail is located on a portion of a canal which the Hohokam built in AD 700. The canal is now filled with soil.
Sears-Kay Ruin Fort Mystery Room before circa 1050 AD: This room had rounded corners.
Sears-Kay Ruin Fort rooms with square corners, circa 1050 AD
Hohokam turquoise mosaic jewelry
Hohokam Sacaton red-on-buff plate, ca 950-1150 AD. On display at Pueblo Grande museum, Phoenix.
Hohokam pottery from Casa Grande
The distinctively modern-looking roof was built in 1932, to protect the Great House or Casa Grande, at the Casa Grande Ruins National Monument.
The Mesa Grande Temple Mound is located in the Mesa Grande Cultural Park at 1000 N. Date St. Built by the Hohokam in AD 1100, the walls are made of caliche, the calcium carbonate hardpan that forms under the desert soils. The mound is longer and wider than a modern football field and is 27 feet high.

In modern-day Phoenix, the Hohokam are recognized for their large-scale irrigation networks.

Arizona Territory

Territory of the United States that existed from February 24, 1863, until February 14, 1912, when the remaining extent of the territory was admitted to the Union as the state of Arizona.

Map of the Arizona and New Mexico Territories, showing existing counties
The Gadsden Purchase, 1853

The capital was finally moved to Phoenix on February 4, 1889.

Tempe, Arizona

City in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States, with the Census Bureau reporting a 2020 population of 180,587.

Tempe c. 1870–1880
Downtown Tempe from Hayden Butte
Hayden Ferry Lakeside development on the north end of Downtown Tempe
Tempe Center for the Arts
Sun Devil Stadium
Tempe Diablo Stadium
A Tempe station of Valley Metro light rail
Mill Avenue bridges over Tempe Town Lake at night
Phillip Darrell Duppa is credited with giving Tempe its name.

Tempe is located in the East Valley section of metropolitan Phoenix; it is bordered by Phoenix and Guadalupe on the west, Scottsdale and the Salt River Pima–Maricopa Indian Community on the north, Chandler on the south, and Mesa on the east.

Phoenix metropolitan area

Median Household Income across metro Phoenix; the darker the green, the higher the income.
Percent of people living in poverty across Metro Phoenix; the darker the red, the higher the concentration of poverty
Map showing cities and highways in the Phoenix–Mesa–Chandler MSA, as defined by the U.S. Census as both Maricopa and Pinal counties.
Freeway map of the Phoenix Area
Arterial streets in Central Phoenix

The Phoenix Metropolitan Area – also the Valley of the Sun, the Salt River Valley, or Metro Phoenix (known by most locals simply as “the Valley”) – is the largest metropolitan area in the Southwestern United States, centered on the city of Phoenix, that includes much of the central part of Arizona.

Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport

FAA airport diagram
Aerial view of the new control tower in the foreground, and the old control tower in the background, with Terminal 3 in between, looking southwest
Sky Harbor's Control Tower with Downtown Phoenix in the distance
American Airlines aircraft at Terminal 4
PHX Sky Train

Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport is a civil-military public airport 3 mi east of downtown Phoenix, in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States.

Salt River (Arizona)

River in Gila and Maricopa counties in Arizona, United States, that is the largest tributary of the Gila River.

The Salt River as seen in Salt River Canyon, 2004
Salt River alongside State Route 77, September 2006
Rio Salado south of Stewart Mountain Dam
Salt River passing below the Central Avenue Bridge in southern Phoenix after winter rains, March 2010
Wild horses grazing on the banks of the Rio Salado
Salt River through Salt River Canyon
Recreation on the Rio Salado

Below Granite Reef Dam, the Salt River leaves the mountains and flows past the cities of Mesa, Tempe, and Scottsdale, then south of downtown Phoenix, where it passes north of South Mountain Park.

Luke Air Force Base

United States Air Force base located 7 mi west of the central business district of Glendale, in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States.

The 56th Operations Group flagship F-16 Fighting Falcon (84-1297) welcomes Luke Air Force Base's first F-35 Lightning II (11-5030) to the base on 10 March 2014.
Second Lieutenant Frank Luke Jr.
Three F-84Cs from the 3600th Flying Training Wing, flying over the Arizona desert
4514th CCTS North American F-100F-10-NA Super Sabre 56-3917, about 1962. To MASDC 31 July 1979 as FE0567. Converted to QF-100F.
311th TFTS F-4C-19-MC Phantom 63-7584, marked as Wing Commander's aircraft. Now at McChord Air Museum, Washington.
Ling-Temco-Vought A-7D-3-CV Corsair II (68–6226) of the 310th TFTS, May 1971
555th Tactical Fighter Training Squadron McDonnell Douglas F-15A-11-MC Eagle 74-0111, arrival at Luke AFB, November 1974. First production F-15A arrival for training.
312th TFTS – F-16D Block 25 83-1175 Aircraft marked as "F-16D No. 1"
ROCAF 6610 (93-0711) and 6620 (93-0721) in USAF markings flying in formation as part of the 21st FS
Three West German Air Force Lockheed F-104G Starfighters fly in formation over Arizona.
69th TFTS/West German F-104G Starfighter
302d FS F-16C Block 32H 87–301
3600th Flying Training Wing
4510th Combat Crew Training Group
File:58th Tactical Training Wing
Phoenix Air Defense Sector
26th Air Division
27th Air Division
832d Air Division
944th Fighter Wing (AFRC)

It is about 15 mi west of Phoenix, Arizona.

Williams Air Force Base

2006 USGS airphoto
Postcard from Williams Field showing aircraft and cadets standing in formation
Williams Army Airfield Arizona 1941
World War II postcard
Williams Army Airfield - Main Gate 1942
T-33 Jet Trainers at Williams AFB, June 1949
Emblem of the 3525th Pilot Training Wing
T-38A Talon, 1963
T-37 Tweets, 1971
Skoshi Tiger F-5B of the 602th Fighter Squadron, Bien Hoa AB, South Vietnam, 1966
425th Tactical Fighter Training Squadron Northrop F-5B-50-NO Freedom Fighter, AF Ser. No. 72-0439, Williams AFB, Arizona, 1973
425th TFTS Northrop F-5E Tiger II, AF Ser. No. 72-1400. When the F-5 training program ended in 1989, this aircraft was sold to the Brazilian Air Force.
Northrop T-38A-50-NO Talon, AF Ser. No. 63-8221, 1986
Female members of UPT Class 77-08 of Williams Air Force Base, May 1977
Emblem of the 82d Training Wing

Williams Air Force Base is a former United States Air Force (USAF) base, located in Maricopa County, Arizona, east of Chandler, and about 30 mi southeast of Phoenix.

Wickenburg, Arizona

Town in Maricopa and Yavapai counties, Arizona, United States.

Henry Wickenburg
Grant's Stage Station, Wickenburg, 1873 or 1874
Vicinity marker where the Wickenburg Massacre took place in 1871
Sonoran Desert outside Wickenburg, Arizona
Wickenburg Town Hall located at 155 North Tegner Street

Swilling conducted irrigation efforts in that area and helped found the city of Phoenix.

Tohono Oʼodham

The Tohono Oʼodham (Oʼodham: ) are a Native American people of the Sonoran Desert, residing primarily in the U.S. state of Arizona and the northern Mexican state of Sonora.

Jose Lewis, Tohono Oʼodham, 1907 or earlier, Smithsonian Institution
San Xavier del Bac
Shrine at Covered Wells, Arizona
Papago basketmaker at work, Arizona. Photographed by H. T. Cory, 1916.
Luzi, a Tohono Oʼodham woman
photograph by Edward Curtis circa 1905

The Tohono Oʼodham share linguistic and cultural roots with the closely related Akimel Oʼodham (People of the River), historically known as Pima, whose lands lie just south of present-day Phoenix, along the lower Gila River.