Unit of sound that can distinguish one word from another in a particular language.- Phoneme
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Way in which a word or a language is spoken.
Phones which play the same role are grouped together into classes called phonemes; the study of these is phonemics or phonematics or phonology.
Branch of linguistics that studies how humans produce and perceive sounds, or in the case of sign languages, the equivalent aspects of sign.
Traditionally, the minimal linguistic unit of phonetics is the phone—a speech sound in a language—which differs from the phonological unit of phoneme; the phoneme is an abstract categorization of phones.
Smallest functional unit of a writing system.
The word grapheme, coined in analogy with phoneme, is derived and the suffix -eme by analogy with phoneme and other names of emic units.
Any distinct speech sound or gesture, regardless of whether the exact sound is critical to the meanings of words.
In contrast, a phoneme is a speech sound in a given language that, if swapped with another phoneme, could change one word to another.
Alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin script.
The IPA is designed to represent those qualities of speech that are part of lexical (and to a limited extent prosodic) sounds in oral language: phones, phonemes, intonation and the separation of words and syllables.
A phonemic orthography is an orthography (system for writing a language) in which the graphemes (written symbols) correspond to the phonemes (significant spoken sounds) of the language.
In linguistics, a word of a spoken language can be defined as the smallest sequence of phonemes that can be uttered in isolation with objective or practical meaning.
For the type of projection, see Orthographic projection.
Orthography is largely concerned with matters of spelling, and in particular the relationship between phonemes and graphemes in a language.
Use of pitch in language to distinguish lexical or grammatical meaning – that is, to distinguish or to inflect words.
Languages that have this feature are called tonal languages; the distinctive tone patterns of such a language are sometimes called tonemes, by analogy with phoneme.
Natural language that serves as the predominant sign language of Deaf communities in the United States and most of Anglophone Canada.
ASL signs have a number of phonemic components, such as movement of the face, the torso, and the hands.