Alcohol residue .- Phospholipid
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Chemical compound possessing both hydrophilic (water-loving, polar) and lipophilic (fat-loving) properties.
The phospholipid amphiphiles are the major structural component of cell membranes.
Phosphatidylcholines (PC) are a class of phospholipids that incorporate choline as a headgroup.
Thin polar membrane made of two layers of lipid molecules.
Biological bilayers are usually composed of amphiphilic phospholipids that have a hydrophilic phosphate head and a hydrophobic tail consisting of two fatty acid chains.
Omega-3 fatty acid that is a primary structural component of the human brain, cerebral cortex, skin, and retina.
DHA is a major fatty acid in brain phospholipids and the retina.
Observed tendency of nonpolar substances to aggregate in an aqueous solution and exclude water molecules.
They are also important to cell membranes composed of amphiphilic phospholipids that prevent the internal aqueous environment of a cell from mixing with external water.
Generic term to designate any group of yellow-brownish fatty substances occurring in animal and plant tissues which are amphiphilic – they attract both water and fatty substances (and so are both hydrophilic and lipophilic), and are used for smoothing food textures, emulsifying, homogenizing liquid mixtures, and repelling sticking materials.
In aqueous solution, its phospholipids can form either liposomes, bilayer sheets, micelles, or lamellar structures, depending on hydration and temperature.
Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate or PtdIns(4,5)P2, also known simply as PIP2 or PI(4,5)P2, is a minor phospholipid component of cell membranes.
Phospholipase C (PLC) is a class of membrane-associated enzymes that cleave phospholipids just before the phosphate group (see figure).
Phosphatidylserine (abbreviated Ptd-L-Ser or PS) is a phospholipid and is a component of the cell membrane.
Phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) is a class of phospholipids found in biological membranes.