Physical examination

physical exammedical examinationexaminationclinical examinationphysicalinspectionmedical examcheck-upclinicalGeneral medical examination
A physical examination, medical examination, or clinical examination is the process by which a medical practitioner examines the body of a patient for any possible signs or symptoms of a medical condition.wikipedia
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Medical diagnosis

diagnosisdiagnosticdiagnostic criteria
Together, the medical history and the physical examination aids in determining the correct diagnosis and devising the treatment plan.
The information required for diagnosis is typically collected from a history and physical examination of the person seeking medical care.

HEENT examination

throat examinationHEENTHEENT evaluation
This routine physical exam usually includes the HEENT evaluation.
A HEENT examination is a portion of a physical examination that principally concerns the head, eyes, ears, nose, and throat.

Nursing assessment

assessmentAssessnurses
Nursing professionals such as Registered Nurse, Licensed Practical Nurses can develop a baseline assessment to identify normal versus abnormal findings.
A nursing assessment includes a physical examination: the observation or measurement of signs, which can be observed or measured, or symptoms such as nausea or vertigo, which can be felt by the patient.

Medical record

medical recordsnursing recordshealth records
This data then becomes part of the medical record.

Human body temperature

body temperaturecore body temperaturenormal human body temperature
A physical examination may include checking vital signs, including temperature examination, Blood pressure, pulse, and respiratory rate.

Hypertension

high blood pressurehypertensivearterial hypertension
General health checks, including physical examinations performed when the patient reported no health concerns, often include medical screening for common conditions, such as high blood pressure.
On physical examination, hypertension may be associated with the presence of changes in the optic fundus seen by ophthalmoscopy.

Percussion (medicine)

percussionpercussedpercussing
Four actions are taught as the basis of physical examination: inspection, palpation (feel), percussion (tap to determine resonance characteristics), and auscultation (listen). After the main organ systems have been investigated by inspection, palpation, percussion, and auscultation, specific tests may follow (such as a neurological investigation, orthopedic examination) or specific tests when a particular disease is suspected (e.g. eliciting Trousseau's sign in hypocalcemia).
Percussion is a method of tapping on a surface to determine the underlying structures, and is used in clinical examinations to assess the condition of the thorax or abdomen.

Palpation

palpablepalpatedpalpate
Four actions are taught as the basis of physical examination: inspection, palpation (feel), percussion (tap to determine resonance characteristics), and auscultation (listen). After the main organ systems have been investigated by inspection, palpation, percussion, and auscultation, specific tests may follow (such as a neurological investigation, orthopedic examination) or specific tests when a particular disease is suspected (e.g. eliciting Trousseau's sign in hypocalcemia).
Palpation is an important part of the physical examination; the sense of touch is just as important in this examination as the sense of sight is.

Diabetic ketoacidosis

DKAketoacidosisacidosis
The healthcare provider uses the senses of sight, hearing, touch, and sometimes smell (e.g., in infection, uremia, diabetic ketoacidosis).
On physical examination there is usually clinical evidence of dehydration, such as a dry mouth and decreased skin turgor.

Medical history

medical historianhistorycase history
Together, the medical history and the physical examination aids in determining the correct diagnosis and devising the treatment plan.

Athletic heart syndrome

athlete's heartoccurs naturally
Disadvantages cited include the time and money that could be saved by targeted screening (health economics argument), increased anxiety over health risks (medicalisation), overdiagnosis, wrong diagnosis (for example Athletic heart syndrome misdiagnosed as Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy) and harm, or even death, resulting from unnecessary testing to detect or confirm, often non-existent, medical problems or while performing routine procedures as a followup after screening.
The medical history of the patient (endurance sports) and physical examination (bradycardia, and maybe a third or fourth heart sound), can give important hints.

Respiratory examination

examination of the chestlung examinationlung fields
A respiratory examination, or lung examination, is performed as part of a physical examination, in response to respiratory symptoms such as shortness of breath, cough, or chest pain, and is often carried out with a cardiac examination.

Auscultation

auscultatoryauscultateAuscultator
Four actions are taught as the basis of physical examination: inspection, palpation (feel), percussion (tap to determine resonance characteristics), and auscultation (listen). After the main organ systems have been investigated by inspection, palpation, percussion, and auscultation, specific tests may follow (such as a neurological investigation, orthopedic examination) or specific tests when a particular disease is suspected (e.g. eliciting Trousseau's sign in hypocalcemia).
(Auscultation and palpation go together in physical examination and are alike in that both have ancient roots, both require skill, and both are still important today.) Laënnec's contributions were refining the procedure, linking sounds with specific pathological changes in the chest, and inventing a suitable instrument (the stethoscope) to mediate between the patient's body and the clinician's ear.

Neurology

neurologistneurologicalneurologists
After the main organ systems have been investigated by inspection, palpation, percussion, and auscultation, specific tests may follow (such as a neurological investigation, orthopedic examination) or specific tests when a particular disease is suspected (e.g. eliciting Trousseau's sign in hypocalcemia).
Neurologists begin their interactions with patients by taking a comprehensive medical history, and then performing a physical examination focusing on evaluating the nervous system.

Cardiovascular examination

cardiovascular examCV
The cardiovascular examination is a portion of the physical examination that involves evaluation of the cardiovascular system.

Abdominal examination

abdominal palpationAbdominal examAbdominal
An abdominal examination is a portion of the physical examination which a physician or nurse uses to clinically observe the abdomen of a patient for signs of disease.

Screening (medicine)

screeningscreening testmedical screening
General health checks, including physical examinations performed when the patient reported no health concerns, often include medical screening for common conditions, such as high blood pressure. The routine physical, also known as general medical examination, periodic health evaluation, annual physical, comprehensive medical exam, general health check, preventive health examination, medical check-up, or simply medical, is a physical examination performed on an asymptomatic patient for medical screening purposes.

Cancer

cancersmalignanciescancerous
A Cochrane review found that general health checks did not reduce the risk of death from cancer, heart disease, or any other cause, and could not be proved to affect the patient's likelihood of being admitted to the hospital, becoming disabled, missing work, or needing additional office visits.
This may involve physical examination, blood or urine tests or medical imaging.

Blumberg sign

rebound tendernessBlumbergrebound
Blumberg's sign (also referred to as rebound tenderness, Shyotkin-Blumberg sign) is a clinical sign that is elicited during physical examination of a patient's abdomen by a doctor or other health care provider.

Neurological examination

neurological examneurologicneurological
This typically includes a physical examination and a review of the patient's medical history, but not deeper investigation such as neuroimaging.

Primary care physician

primary care physiciansprimary careprimary care providers
A primary care physician will also generally examine the male genitals but may leave the examination of the female genitalia to a gynecologist.
Diagnostic techniques include interviewing the patient to collect information on the present symptoms, prior medical history and other health details, followed by a physical examination.

Mental status examination

mental statuspsychiatric examinationmental status exam
The MSE can also be considered part of the comprehensive physical examination performed by physicians and nurses although it may be performed in a cursory and abbreviated way in non-mental-health settings.

Differential diagnosis

differential diagnosesdifferentiateddifferential
With the clues obtained during the history and physical examination the healthcare provider can now formulate a differential diagnosis, a list of potential causes of the symptoms.
A doctor's visit can, theoretically, be regarded as a series of tests, including both questions in a medical history as well as components of a physical examination, where the post-test probability of a previous test can be used as the pre-test probability of the next.

Eardrum

tympanic membraneear drumtympanum
When the eardrum is illuminated during a medical examination, a cone of light radiates from the tip of the malleus to the periphery in the anteroinferior quadrant.