Physical geography

physiographicphysiographyphysiographicallyphysicalphysical geographergeographicallynatural geographygeographicalphysical geographersphysiogeographical
Physical geography (also known as geosystems or physiography) is one of the two major fields of geography.wikipedia
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Geography

geographicalgeographicgeographer
Physical geography (also known as geosystems or physiography) is one of the two major fields of geography.
Geography is often defined in terms of two branches: human geography and physical geography.

Geomorphology

geomorphologicalgeomorphologistgeomorphic
* Geomorphology is concerned with understanding the surface of the Earth and the processes by which it is shaped, both at the present as well as in the past.
Geomorphologists work within disciplines such as physical geography, geology, geodesy, engineering geology, archaeology, climatology and geotechnical engineering.

Hydrology

hydrologicalhydrologisthydrologic
Hydrologists can also be scientists studying earth or environmental science and physical geography.

Soil science

soil scientistsoil sciencessoil scientists
Early studies in geomorphology are the foundation for pedology, one of two main branches of soil science.
Indeed, engineers, agronomists, chemists, geologists, physical geographers, ecologists, biologists, microbiologists, silviculturists, sanitarians, archaeologists, and specialists in regional planning, all contribute to further knowledge of soils and the advancement of the soil sciences.

Glaciology

glaciologistglaciologicalglacial geology
They showed the organic origin of soil and developed a comprehensive law on the movement of the ice, thereby founding a new branch of geography: glaciology.
Glaciology is an interdisciplinary Earth science that integrates geophysics, geology, physical geography, geomorphology, climatology, meteorology, hydrology, biology, and ecology.

Climatology

climatologistclimate scienceclimatological
This modern field of study is regarded as a branch of the atmospheric sciences and a subfield of physical geography, which is one of the Earth sciences.

Biogeography

biogeographicbiogeographicalbiogeographically
Biogeography is an integrative field of inquiry that unites concepts and information from ecology, evolutionary biology, geology, and physical geography.

Natural science

natural sciencesnaturalnatural scientist
Physical geography is the branch of natural science which deals with the study of processes and patterns in the natural environment such as the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and geosphere, as opposed to the cultural or built environment, the domain of human geography.
Earth science (also known as geoscience), is an all-embracing term for the sciences related to the planet Earth, including geology, geophysics, hydrology, meteorology, physical geography, oceanography, and soil science.

Terrain

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In physical geography, terrain is the lay of the land.

Coastal geography

coastal geomorphologyCoastalcoastal lakes
Coastal geography is the study of the constantly changing region between the ocean and the land, incorporating both the physical geography (i.e. coastal geomorphology, geology and oceanography) and the human geography (sociology and history) of the coast.

Human geography

human geographeranthropogeographyhuman
Physical geography is the branch of natural science which deals with the study of processes and patterns in the natural environment such as the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and geosphere, as opposed to the cultural or built environment, the domain of human geography.
As an intellectual discipline, geography is divided into the sub-fields of physical geography and human geography, the latter concentrating upon the study of human activities, by the application of qualitative and quantitative research methods.

Asia

AsianAsian continentAsian countries
The first was the European colonial expansion in Asia, Africa, Australia and even America in search of raw materials required by industries during the Industrial Revolution.
Given its size and diversity, the concept of Asia—a name dating back to classical antiquity—may actually have more to do with human geography than physical geography.

Integrated geography

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It requires an understanding of the dynamics of physical geography, as well as the ways in which human societies conceptualize the environment (human geography).

Alexander von Humboldt

HumboldtHumb.Alexander Humboldt
Several works among the best known during this long period could be cited as an example, from Strabo (Geography), Eratosthenes (Geographika) or Dionisio Periegetes (Periegesis Oiceumene) in the Ancient Age to the Alexander von Humboldt (Kosmos) in the nineteenth century, in which geography is regarded as a physical and natural science, of course, through the work Summa de Geografía of Martín Fernández de Enciso from the early sixteenth century, which indicated for the first time the New World.
This memorable expedition may be regarded as having laid the foundation of the sciences of physical geography, plant geography, and meteorology.

Curtis F. Marbut

C. F. MarbutCurtis Marbut
Some of his disciples made significant contributions to various branches of physical geography such as Curtis Marbut and his invaluable legacy for Pedology, Mark Jefferson, Isaiah Bowman, among others.
(He never sat for his final PhD exams at Harvard.) Marbut taught Physiography and Geology at the University of Missouri from 1895 until 1910, and also worked for the Missouri Geologic Survey and directed the Missouri Soil Survey.

Physiographic regions of the world

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Unfortunately, physiography later was considered to be a contraction of "physical" and "geography", and therefore synonymous with physical geography, and the concept became embroiled in controversy surrounding the appropriate concerns of that discipline.

Environmental science

Environmental Sciencesenvironmental scientistenvironmental
Environmental science is an interdisciplinary academic field that integrates physical, biological and information sciences (including ecology, biology, physics, chemistry, plant science, zoology, mineralogy, oceanography, limnology, soil science, geology and physical geography, and atmospheric science) to the study of the environment, and the solution of environmental problems.

Quantitative revolution

quantitative geographyquantitative1950s crisis in geography
To some extent, the development of geomatics helped obscure the binary between physical and human geography to some extent, as the complexities of the human and natural environments could be assessed on new computable models.

Earth system science

Earth systemEarth system scientistearth systems
Subsets of Earth System science include systems geology and systems ecology, and many aspects of Earth System science are fundamental to the subjects of physical geography and climate science.

Richard Chorley

Richard J. Chorley
Cambridge contained a strong group in physical geography with colleagues that encouraged Chorley's ideas.

Natural environment

environmentenvironmentalpaleoenvironment
Physical geography is the branch of natural science which deals with the study of processes and patterns in the natural environment such as the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and geosphere, as opposed to the cultural or built environment, the domain of human geography.

Atmosphere

atmosphericatmospheresplanetary atmospheres
Physical geography is the branch of natural science which deals with the study of processes and patterns in the natural environment such as the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and geosphere, as opposed to the cultural or built environment, the domain of human geography.

Hydrosphere

waterhydrosphericatmospheric cycling
Physical geography is the branch of natural science which deals with the study of processes and patterns in the natural environment such as the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and geosphere, as opposed to the cultural or built environment, the domain of human geography.