Physician

doctormedical doctorphysiciansdoctorsmedical practitionermedical officerDr.MDM.D.Dr
A physician, medical practitioner, medical doctor, or simply doctor, is a professional who practises medicine, which is concerned with promoting, maintaining, or restoring health through the study, diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments.wikipedia
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Medical education

medical educatormedical trainingmedicine
A physician, medical practitioner, medical doctor, or simply doctor, is a professional who practises medicine, which is concerned with promoting, maintaining, or restoring health through the study, diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments.
Medical education is education related to the practice of being a medical practitioner; either the initial training to become a physician (i.e., medical school and internship), or additional training thereafter (e.g., residency, fellowship and continuing medical education).

Medicine

medicalmedical scienceclinical medicine
A physician, medical practitioner, medical doctor, or simply doctor, is a professional who practises medicine, which is concerned with promoting, maintaining, or restoring health through the study, diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments.
For example, a medicine man would apply herbs and say prayers for healing, or an ancient philosopher and physician would apply bloodletting according to the theories of humorism.

General practitioner

GPgeneral practitionersgeneral practice
Physicians may focus their practice on certain disease categories, types of patients, and methods of treatment—known as specialities—or they may assume responsibility for the provision of continuing and comprehensive medical care to individuals, families, and communities—known as general practice.
In the medical profession, a general practitioner (GP) is a medical doctor who treats acute and chronic illnesses and provides preventive care and health education to patients.

Surgeon

surgeonsDoctorGeneral Surgeon
This meaning of physician conveys a sense of expertise in treatment by drugs or medications, rather than by the procedures of surgeons.
In modern medicine, a surgeon is a physician who performs surgical operations.

Patient

outpatientinpatientpatients
Degrees and other qualifications vary widely, but there are some common elements, such as medical ethics requiring that physicians show consideration, compassion, and benevolence for their patients.
The patient is most often ill or injured and in need of treatment by a physician, nurse, psychologist, dentist, veterinarian, or other health care provider.

Medical diagnosis

diagnosisdiagnosticdiagnostic criteria
A physician, medical practitioner, medical doctor, or simply doctor, is a professional who practises medicine, which is concerned with promoting, maintaining, or restoring health through the study, diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments.
A diagnostic procedure may be performed by various healthcare professionals such as a physician, physiotherapist, dentist, podiatrist, optometrist, nurse practitioner, healthcare scientist or physician assistant.

Physicians in the United States

physician in the United Statesphysicians in the US
Currently, a specialist physician in the United States may be described as an internist. The vast majority of physicians trained in the United States have a Doctor of Medicine degree, and use the initials M.D. A smaller number attend Osteopathic schools and have a Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine degree and use the initials D.O. After completion of medical school, physicians complete a residency in the specialty in which they will practice.
The vast majority of physicians in the US have a Doctor of Medicine (MD) degree, though some have a DO or MBBS.

Hospital medicine

hospitalisthospitalistshospitalist medicine
Another term, hospitalist, was introduced in 1996, to describe US specialists in internal medicine who work largely or exclusively in hospitals.
Internal physicians whose primary professional focus is caring for hospitalized patients only while they are in the hospital are called hospitalists.

Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine

D.O.DOosteopathic physician
The vast majority of physicians trained in the United States have a Doctor of Medicine degree, and use the initials M.D. A smaller number attend Osteopathic schools and have a Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine degree and use the initials D.O. After completion of medical school, physicians complete a residency in the specialty in which they will practice.
Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (DO or D.O.) is a professional doctoral degree for physicians and surgeons offered by medical schools in the United States.

Fellowship (medicine)

fellowshipfellowshipsFellow
Subspecialties require the completion of a fellowship after residency.
A Fellowship is the period of medical training, in the United States and Canada, that a physician, dentist, or veterinarian may undertake after completing a specialty training program (residency).

Residency (medicine)

residencyresidentresidents
The vast majority of physicians trained in the United States have a Doctor of Medicine degree, and use the initials M.D. A smaller number attend Osteopathic schools and have a Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine degree and use the initials D.O. After completion of medical school, physicians complete a residency in the specialty in which they will practice.
In Argentina, the residency (Spanish, residencia) consists of a three to four years of practical and research activities in the field selected by both the candidate and already graduated medical practitioners.

Hippocratic Oath

The Hippocratic OathOathOath of Hippocrates
The critical sense and sceptical attitude of the citation of medicine from the shackles of priestcraft and of caste; secondly, the conception of medicine as an art based on accurate observation, and as a science, an integral part of the science of man and of nature; thirdly, the high moral ideals, expressed in that most "memorable of human documents" (Gomperz), the Hippocratic oath; and fourthly, the conception and realization of medicine as the profession of a cultivated gentleman.
The Hippocratic Oath is an oath of ethics historically taken by physicians.

Podiatrist

Doctor of Podiatric MedicinepodiatristsDPM
Also in the United States, the American Podiatric Medical Association (APMA) defines podiatrists as physicians and surgeons that fall under the department of surgery in hospitals.

Doctor of Medicine

M.D.MDmedical degree
The vast majority of physicians trained in the United States have a Doctor of Medicine degree, and use the initials M.D. A smaller number attend Osteopathic schools and have a Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine degree and use the initials D.O. After completion of medical school, physicians complete a residency in the specialty in which they will practice.
Graduates receive their license to practice medicine and the professional title of physician (Arzt).

Doctor's visit

consultationconsultantConsultation (doctor)
The term traditionally used by physicians to describe a person seeking their help is the word patient (although one who visits a physician for a routine check-up may also be so described).
A doctor's visit, also known as "physician office visit" or "ward round", is a meeting between a patient with a physician to get health advice or treatment for a symptom or condition.

American Podiatric Medical Association

APMA
Also in the United States, the American Podiatric Medical Association (APMA) defines podiatrists as physicians and surgeons that fall under the department of surgery in hospitals.
Doctors of Podiatric Medicine are physicians and surgeons who practice on the lower extremities, primarily on the foot, ankle and lower leg.

Osteopathic medicine

DOosteopathicosteopathic medical
The vast majority of physicians trained in the United States have a Doctor of Medicine degree, and use the initials M.D. A smaller number attend Osteopathic schools and have a Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine degree and use the initials D.O. After completion of medical school, physicians complete a residency in the specialty in which they will practice.
The Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (D.O.) degree in the United States is equivalent to the Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) degree and allows medical doctors to practice medicine and surgery in all 50 states.

Internship (medicine)

internshipinternmedical intern
Students are typically required to complete an internship in New York prior to the obtention of their professional degree.
Medical intern is a term that, in the medical profession in some countries, means a physician in training who has completed medical school and has a medical degree, but does not yet have a full license to practice medicine unsupervised.

Medical school

medical studentFaculty of Medicinemedical students
In all developed countries, entry-level medical education programs are tertiary-level courses, undertaken at a medical school attached to a university.
After six years of training, students graduate and are awarded the title of physician (Médico) allowing them to register with the Regional Council of Medicine (Conselho Regional de Medicina).

Suicide among doctors

Causes of death that are shown to be higher in the physician population include suicide among doctors and self-inflicted injury, drug-related causes, traffic accidents, and cerebrovascular and ischaemic heart disease.
Suicide among doctors refers to physicians or trainees dying by suicide.

General Medical Council

GMCstruck offMedical Register
The best known example of this is probably the General Medical Council of Britain.
The General Medical Council (GMC) is a public body that maintains the official register of medical practitioners within the United Kingdom.

Doctor–patient relationship

doctor-patient relationshipbedside mannerpatient-doctor relationship
The doctor–patient relationship forms one of the foundations of contemporary medical ethics.

Specialty (medicine)

medical specialtyspecialtyspecialist
Physicians may focus their practice on certain disease categories, types of patients, and methods of treatment—known as specialities—or they may assume responsibility for the provision of continuing and comprehensive medical care to individuals, families, and communities—known as general practice.
After completing medical school, physicians or surgeons usually further their medical education in a specific specialty of medicine by completing a multiple-year residency to become a medical specialist.

List of physicians

A list of famous physiciansPhysicians
This is a list of famous physicians in history.

International medical graduate

foreign medical graduatesforeign medical graduateInternational Medical Graduates
An international medical graduate (IMG), earlier known as a foreign medical graduate (FMG), is a physician who has graduated from a medical school outside of the country where he or she intends to practice.