Phytosociology

Argument terminology used in logic

Study of groups of species of plant that are usually found together.

- Phytosociology

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Phytogeography

Branch of biogeography that is concerned with the geographic distribution of plant species and their influence on the earth's surface.

The basic data element of phytogeography are specimen records. These are collected individual plants like this one, a Cinnamon Fern, collected in the Great Smoky Mountains of North Carolina.
An 1814 self-portrait in Paris of Alexander von Humboldt. Humboldt is often referred to as the "father of phytogeography".
Good (1947) floristic kingdoms

plant sociology (or phytosociology, synecology – however, this field does not prescind from flora study, as its approach to study vegetation relies upon a fundamental unit, the plant association, which is defined upon flora).

Plant community

Collection or association of plant species within a designated geographical unit, which forms a relatively uniform patch, distinguishable from neighboring patches of different vegetation types.

Alpine Heathland plant community at High Shelf Camp near Mount Anne, Tasmania, Australia

The most common species defining this grassland phytocoenosis is Carex shreberi.

Josias Braun-Blanquet

Josias Braun-Blanquet

Josias Braun-Blanquet (3 August 1884 – 20 September 1980) was an influential phytosociologist and botanist.

Association (ecology)

Argument terminology used in logic

In phytosociology and community ecology an association is a type of ecological community with a predictable species composition and consistent physiognomy (structural appearance) which occurs in a particular habitat type.

Józef Paczoski

Józef Paczoski (1864-1942) from the collection of assoc. prof. Zdzisława Wójcik.
A plaque in the Białowieża National Park, commemorating Jozef Paczoski

Józef Konrad Paczoski (1864-1942) was an eminent Polish botanist, who coined the term "Phytosociology" and was one of the founders of this branch of botany.

Charles Flahault

The fruit of Myristica fragrans, a species native to Indonesia, is the source of two valuable spices, the red aril (mace) enclosing the dark brown nutmeg.

Charles Henri Marie Flahault (3 October 1852 – 3 February 1935) was a French botanist, among the early pioneers of phytogeography, phytosociology, and forest ecology.

Carl Joseph Schröter

Swiss botanist born in Esslingen am Neckar, Germany.

Carl Joseph Schröter, c. 1920

Schröter was a pioneer in the fields of phytogeography and phytosociology.

Helmut Gams

Central European botanist.

Gams coined the terms 'biocoenology' and 'phytocoenology' in his 1918 PhD thesis.

JUICE (software)

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JUICE is a widely used non-commercial software package for editing and analysing phytosociological data.

Abies cilicica

Species of conifer in the family Pinaceae.

Abies cilicica in the Horsh Ehden reserve, Lebanon
Abies cillicica cones
Abies cilicica, close-up

Abies cilicica and Cedrus libani, together with Acer hyrcanum subsp. tauricolum and Sorbus torminalis subsp. orientalis, are the predominant trees in the phytocoenosis Abeti-Cedrion, a type of forest of the middle and eastern Taurus Mountains of Turkey.