Pica, Chile

Pica Oasis Street Vendor
Street vendor selling locally-grown citrus.
Pica's main plaza
Local architecture

Chilean town and commune in Tamarugal Province, Tarapacá Region.

- Pica, Chile

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List of towns in Chile

This article contains a list of towns in Chile.

Mõisaküla is a small town in the southern part of Estonia, just next to the border of Latvia. The town's current population is less than 1,000 inhabitants.

Pica

Atacama Desert

Desert plateau in South America covering a 1,600 km (990 mi) strip of land on the Pacific coast, west of the Andes Mountains.

Atacama by NASA World Wind
Snow in Paranal Observatory at 2,600 masl
A flat area of the Atacama Desert between Antofagasta and Taltal
Feral donkey in the Atacama desert
The lack of humidity, rain, and light pollution together produce a dusty, rocky landscape.
Rare rainfall events cause the flowering desert phenomenon in the southern Atacama Desert.
Vegetation in Pan de Azúcar National Park on the coast of the Atacama Desert
Andean flamingos in Salar de Atacama
Liolaemus nitidus, a lizard native to the southern reaches of the Atacama Desert
View of Chuquicamata, a large, state-owned copper mine
View of a forest in Pampa del Tamarugal from Chile Route 5. These forests were once devastated by the demand of firewood associated with saltpeter mining.
ALMA and the center of the Milky Way
Patagonia-Atacama Rally in 2007
Icy Penitents by moonlight
Tara Cathedrals (left) and Tara salt flat
Valle de la Luna, near San Pedro de Atacama
Laguna Verde
Valley in Atacama
Salt evaporation ponds in the Atacama Desert
Desert bloom (desierto florido)
Llamas
Valley of Death
Machuca chapel
Paranal Observatory
Chajnantor Plateau in the Chilean Andes, home to the ESO/NAOJ/NRAO ALMA
The Milky Way streaking across the skies above the Chilean Atacama Desert

The oasis settlement of Pica has Pre-hispanic origins and served as an important stopover for transit between the coast and the Altiplano during the time of the Inca Empire.

Animal mummy

Common in ancient Egypt.

Egyptian mummies of animals in the British Museum.
Mummy of a peregrine falcon
Animal mummy containing dog bones, Metropolitan Museum of Art
The Obsequies of an Egyptian Cat, by John Reinhard Weguelin (1886).
A mummified cat
Sarcophagus for cat mummy, ca 305 BC; Brooklyn Museum
Ibis coffin, 305–30 BC; Brooklyn Museum
Mummy mask for a crocodile, Roman period. Staatliche Sammlung für Ägyptische Kunst, Munich
Dog mummy, 305 BC – 395 CE; Brooklyn Museum

Egypt aside, Pre-hispanic bird mummies have been found in the Atacama Desert of Chile, including some next to the oasis town of Pica.

Limón de Pica

Lime and blossom

Limón de Pica is an unusually acidic lime from the oasis town of Pica in Atacama Desert.

Matilla

Chilean village and oasis in the interior of Atacama Desert.

It lies four kilometers southwest of the oasis town of Pica.

Puquios

Puquios (from Quechua pukyu meaning source, spring, or water well) are ancient systems of subterranean aqueducts which allow water to be transported over long distances in hot dry climates without loss of much of the water to evaporation.

The technology of the Qanats of Iran is similar to that used for the puquios of Peru.
The Cantalloc puquios near Nazca, Peru. The cork-screwing funnels are for access to the underground aqueduct.
An aqueduct emerges from an underground or gallery puquios into a trench which supplies water for irrigation and domestic uses.
Except for river valleys where irrigation is possible, the desert of the Nazca Region is barren. The Pan American Highway is in the distance.

In the 21st century, puquios, in various states of use and decay, still exist in the valleys of Azapa and Sibaya and the oases of La Calera, Pica-Matilla and Puquio de Núñez.

Pica Aquifer

One of the most important aquifers of Atacama Desert.

View of Pica town and oasis in the foreground from the southeast. In the background the flat land of Pampa del Tamarugal can be seen.

The water of the aquifer is tapped by a system of underground aqueducts known as puquios to irrigate the oases of Pica and Matilla.

Huantajaya

Silver mine in Chile in the Tarapacá area of Atacama Desert east of Iquique.

An underground silver mine in Suggental (near Freiburg im Breisgau), Baden-Württemberg, Germany

During this time the nearby oasis town of Pica prospered as a supply center.

Agriculture in Chile

Agriculture in Chile encompasses a wide range of different activities due to its particular geography, climate, geology and human factors.

Llamas in Lauca National Park
Agriculture in Elqui valley
Many of Chile's vineyards are found on dorp land within the foothills of the Andes.
Aquacultre installations in southern Chile.
Lambs in Tierra del Fuego.
Huaso in a Chilean wheat field, 1940. The picture illustrates some of Chile's two most important agriculture products cattle farming and wheat.
All mainland Spanish settlements (red dots) south of Biobío River were destroyed by 1604.
1744 engraving published in Relación histórica del viaje a la América meridional. The image shows cattle in the Chilean countryside including a square for cattle slaughter.
Cornelio Saavedra Rodríguez in a meeting with the main Mapuche loncos of Araucania in 1869. With the Occupation of the Araucanía, that culminated in the 1880s, new lands were made available for non-indigenous agriculture.

The Norte Grande region covers most of Atacama Desert and its crop agriculture is contracted around small oases, such as Pica (known for its Limón de Pica) and Pozo Almonte.

List of Chile-related topics

Outline of topics related to the Republic of Chile.

Pica, Chile