Pierre-Esprit Radisson

RadissonPierre Esprit RadissonPierre RadissonPierre d'Esprit, le Sieur Radisson
Pierre-Esprit Radisson (1636/1640–1710) was a French fur trader and explorer in New France.wikipedia
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Médard des Groseilliers

Médard Chouart des GroseilliersGroseilliersdes Groseilliers
He is often linked to his brother-in-law Médard des Groseilliers.
He is often paired with his brother-in-law Pierre-Esprit Radisson, who was about 20 years younger.

Hudson's Bay Company

Hudson’s Bay CompanyHBCHudson Bay Company
The decision of Radisson and Groseilliers to enter the English service led to the formation of the Hudson's Bay Company.
Two French traders, Pierre-Esprit Radisson and Médard des Groseilliers (Médard de Chouart, Sieur des Groseilliers), Radisson's brother-in-law, learned from the Cree that the best fur country lay north and west of Lake Superior, and that there was a "frozen sea" still further north.

Fur trade

fur tradingfur traderfur trapper
Pierre-Esprit Radisson (1636/1640–1710) was a French fur trader and explorer in New France.
French explorers, like Samuel de Champlain, voyageurs, and Coureur des bois, such as Étienne Brûlé, Radisson, La Salle, and Le Sueur, while seeking routes through the continent, established relationships with Amerindians and continued to expand the trade of fur pelts for items considered 'common' by the Europeans.

New France

FrenchCanadaNouvelle-France
Pierre-Esprit Radisson (1636/1640–1710) was a French fur trader and explorer in New France.
This is the start of the Hudson's Bay Company, ironically aided by French coureurs des bois, Pierre-Esprit Radisson and Médard des Groseilliers, frustrated with French license rules.

Wisconsin

WIState of WisconsinGeography of Wisconsin
In the winter of 1659–1660, Radisson and Des Groseilliers lived just south of Lake Superior in what is now Wisconsin, associating with groups of Huron, Ottawa, Ojibwa and Sioux Indians.
Pierre Radisson and Médard des Groseilliers visited Green Bay again in 1654–1666 and Chequamegon Bay in 1659–1660, where they traded for fur with local Native Americans.

Sioux

DakotaSioux IndianSiouan
In the winter of 1659–1660, Radisson and Des Groseilliers lived just south of Lake Superior in what is now Wisconsin, associating with groups of Huron, Ottawa, Ojibwa and Sioux Indians.
The first recorded encounter between the Sioux and the French occurred when Radisson and Groseilliers reached what is now Wisconsin during the winter of 1659–60.

Iroquois

Iroquois ConfederacyHaudenosauneeSix Nations
According to Radisson's account, in the same year (though perhaps a year later in 1652) he had been hunting fowl with several other men near his home in Trois-Rivières when he was captured by the Iroquois.
Those who attempted to return to their families were harshly punished; for instance, the French fur trader Pierre-Esprit Radisson was captured by an Iroquois raiding party as a teenager, was adopted by a Mohawk family, and ran away to return to his family in Trois-Rivières.

Trois-Rivières

Trois-Rivières, QuebecTrois-RivieresThree Rivers
According to Radisson's account, in the same year (though perhaps a year later in 1652) he had been hunting fowl with several other men near his home in Trois-Rivières when he was captured by the Iroquois. Regardless, by 1651, Marguerite, who would go on to marry Radisson's eventual fur-trading partner Médard Chouat Des Groseilliers, was living in Trois-Rivières at the same time as her three half-siblings.

Coureur des bois

coureurs des boisvoyageurcoureurs de bois
Radisson's biggest impact in Canadian history came from 1658 to 1684, when he was an active coureur-des-bois, fur trader and explorer.
Pierre-Esprit Radisson and his companions, for instance, "struck agreeable relations with Natives inland by giving European goods as gifts".

North American fur trade

fur tradefur tradersfur trading
The reason for the year-long trip was to collect furs, in order to participate in the ever-lucrative fur trade.
The 1659–1660 voyage of French traders Pierre-Esprit Radisson and Médard Chouart des Groseilliers into the country north and west of Lake Superior symbolically opened this new era of expansion.

James Bay

JamesbayJames Bay Rivers
In September 1668, the landed in the Rupert River region on the shores of James Bay, where Des Groseilliers used his knowledge of frontier living to build dwellings for the crew in which to pass the winter.
The fur-trapping duo of explorers Pierre-Esprit Radisson and Médard des Groseilliers convinced the English Crown, primarily Prince Rupert of the Rhine, a favoured nephew of Charles I and cousin to Charles II, that a colonial enterprise in the north would yield wealth in minerals and fur.

Avignon

Avignon, Francearchbishop of AvignonAvennio
The location and date of Pierre-Esprit Radisson's birth are not specifically clear, though the most widely accepted consensus seems to place his origin in the lower Rhône region of France, likely near the town of Avignon, sometime in the mid-seventeenth century.

Radisson, Saskatchewan

Radisson
The towns Radisson, Quebec; Radisson, Saskatchewan and Radisson, Wisconsin, as well as a street and Metro station in Montreal and the Radisson provincial electoral district in Manitoba, are named after him.
It was named after Pierre-Esprit Radisson (1636–1710), an explorer who was instrumental in the creation of Hudson's Bay Company.

Radisson (electoral district)

RadissonRadission
The towns Radisson, Quebec; Radisson, Saskatchewan and Radisson, Wisconsin, as well as a street and Metro station in Montreal and the Radisson provincial electoral district in Manitoba, are named after him.
The riding is located in the northeastern section of the City of Winnipeg and is named after Pierre-Esprit Radisson, a seventeenth-century explorer.

Radisson, Wisconsin

RadissonVillage of Radisson
The towns Radisson, Quebec; Radisson, Saskatchewan and Radisson, Wisconsin, as well as a street and Metro station in Montreal and the Radisson provincial electoral district in Manitoba, are named after him.
The village is located within the Town of Radisson and was named in honor of the early French explorer, Pierre-Esprit Radisson (c.1636–1710).

Radisson Hotels

Radisson HotelRadissonRadisson Blu
The Radisson Hotels group, starting with the Radisson Hotel in Minneapolis in 1909, is also named after him.
It is named after the 17th-century French explorer, ranger and furrier Pierre-Esprit Radisson.

Prince Rupert of the Rhine

Prince RupertRupert of the RhineRupert
Radisson sought the support of a royal patron to secure a crown monopoly on trade with in the Hudson's Bay region and found one in the form of Prince Rupert of the Rhine, the king's first cousin and a war hero on the royalist side during the English Civil War.
The French explorers Radisson and des Groseilliers had come to England after conducting a joint exploration of the Hudson's Bay region in 1659; there their account attracted the attention of the King and Rupert.

Radisson station

RadissonRadisson metro stationTerminus Radisson
The towns Radisson, Quebec; Radisson, Saskatchewan and Radisson, Wisconsin, as well as a street and Metro station in Montreal and the Radisson provincial electoral district in Manitoba, are named after him.
Pierre-Esprit Radisson (c.

Radisson, Quebec

RadissonRadisson (La Grande)
The towns Radisson, Quebec; Radisson, Saskatchewan and Radisson, Wisconsin, as well as a street and Metro station in Montreal and the Radisson provincial electoral district in Manitoba, are named after him.
Radisson was founded in 1974 to accommodate workers for the James Bay hydroelectric project and named by the Société de développement de la Baie James after Pierre-Esprit Radisson, a 17th-century French explorer and founder of the Hudson's Bay Company.

Hayes River

HayesHayes (Sainte-Thérèse) River
In 1684 he sailed for the Hayes River in the vessel Happy Return, where he found Groseilliers' son Jean-Baptiste conducting a brisk trade with the Indians.
In 1684, the Hayes River was named for Sir James Hayes, a Hudson's Bay Company (HBC) charter member and secretary to Prince Rupert, by French trader/explorer Pierre Radisson.

John Abraham (politician)

John Abraham
He talked Jean-Baptiste into HBC service and left for England in September, leaving John Abraham in charge of the fort.
Upon his arrival, Abraham discovered that the HBC's post had been routed by Pierre Esprit Radisson and Médard des Groseilliers, French agents competing with the HBC.

Radisson (TV series)

RadissonRadisson'' (TV series)
The CBC Television series Radisson (1957–1958) was based on the explorer's life.
This series portrayed various adventures of the 17th century explorer Pierre-Esprit Radisson (Jacques Godin) and his brother-in-law and fellow adventurer Médard des Groseilliers (René Caron).

Hudson's Bay (film)

Hudson's BayHudson's Bay'' (film)Hudson’s Bay
Radisson was portrayed by Paul Muni in the 1941 film Hudson's Bay.

Nelson River

NelsonNelson R.Nelson (Bourbon) River
In 1681 Radisson headed out to found a fort on the Nelson River under a French flag, albeit against the wishes of the French state.
After his pivotal role in establishing the Hudson's Bay Company, Pierre Esprit Radisson, noted French explorer, was chief director of trade at Fort Nelson during one of his sustained periods of service to England.