Pieter Aertsen

Aertsen, PieterPeter Aertsen
Pieter Aertsen (Amsterdam, 1508 – 3 June 1575), called Lange Piet ("Tall Pete") because of his height, was a Dutch painter in the style of Northern Mannerism.wikipedia
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Still life

still-lifestill lifesstill lives
He is credited with the invention of the monumental genre scene, which combines still life and genre painting and often also includes a biblical scene in the background.
This was a development by Pieter Aertsen, whose A Meat Stall with the Holy Family Giving Alms (1551, now Uppsala) introduced the type with a painting that still startles.

Genre painting

genregenre paintergenre scenes
He is credited with the invention of the monumental genre scene, which combines still life and genre painting and often also includes a biblical scene in the background.
Joachim Patinir expanded his landscapes, making the figures a small element, and Pieter Aertsen painted works dominated by spreads of still life food and genre figures of cooks or market-sellers, with small religious scenes in spaces in the background.

Joachim Beuckelaer

Beuckelaer, JoachimGioachim BuenckelaerJoachim Beukelaer
He also married Kathelijne Beuckelaar, the daughter and sister of an Antwerp painter and aunt of Joachim Beuckelaer and Huybrecht Beuckeleer. Notable pupils who trained in his workshop included Stradanus and Aertsen's nephews, Joachim Beuckelaer and Huybrecht Beuckeleer.
He possibly learned to paint in the workshop of his uncle, Pieter Aertsen, who had married his aunt Kathelijne Beuckelaer.

Stradanus

Giovanni StradanoJoannes StradanusJohannes Stradanus
Notable pupils who trained in his workshop included Stradanus and Aertsen's nephews, Joachim Beuckelaer and Huybrecht Beuckeleer.
He later moved to Antwerp were he studied from 1537 to 1540 in the workshop of Pieter Aertsen, a Dutch genre painter active in Antwerp.

Pieter Pietersz the Elder

Pieter PieterszPietersz., PieterPieter
Of the couple's eight children, three sons, Pieter, Aert, and Dirk became successful painters.
According to Karel van Mander, who mentioned him in his biography of his father Pieter Aertsen, he followed in his father's footsteps but took to portrait painting because large commissions were not to be had.

Aert Pietersz

AertPietersz, AertPietersz., Aert
Of the couple's eight children, three sons, Pieter, Aert, and Dirk became successful painters.
According to Karel van Mander, he was the second son of Pieter Aertsen, the younger brother of Pieter Pietersz the Elder, and the older brother of Dirck Pietersz.

Huybrecht Beuckeleer

He also married Kathelijne Beuckelaar, the daughter and sister of an Antwerp painter and aunt of Joachim Beuckelaer and Huybrecht Beuckeleer. Notable pupils who trained in his workshop included Stradanus and Aertsen's nephews, Joachim Beuckelaer and Huybrecht Beuckeleer.
His father's sister Kathelijne was married to Pieter Aertsen, a Dutch painter active in Antwerp who was best known for his market and kitchen scenes.

Jan Sanders van Hemessen

Hemessen, Jan vanJan van Hemessenfather
This pictorial technique drew on the paintings of another Antwerp artist, Jan Sanders van Hemessen, whose genre treatments of religious and moral scenes had smaller scenes inset into the background in a similar way.
His genre scenes develop the "Mannerist inversion" later taken further by Pieter Aertsen, where a small religious scene in the background reveals the true meaning of the painting, which is dominated by a large foreground scene seemingly devoted to a secular genre subject.

Dirk Pietersz

Dirck PieterszDirk
Of the couple's eight children, three sons, Pieter, Aert, and Dirk became successful painters.
According to Karel van Mander he was born in Amsterdam, the son of Pieter Aertsen and the youngest brother of Pieter Pietersz the Elder and Aert Pietersz (who was eight years older).

World landscape

Weltlandschaft
A similar inversion in landscape painting had been developed by Joachim Patinir in Antwerp several decades earlier when he invented the world landscape.
In the 1550s Pieter Aertsen began a style of large canvasses dominated by great spreads of food still life and large genre figures of cooks or market-sellers, while in the background small biblical scenes can be glimpsed.

Flemish Baroque painting

Flemish Baroque painterFlemish BaroqueFlemish
His genre scenes were influential on later Flemish Baroque painting, Dutch still life painting and also in Italy. Aersten's exact formula of still life and genre figures in the foreground, with small scenes from history painting in the background only persisted for the next generation (or two, as Joachim Wtewael painted some similar works), but history paintings with very prominent and profuse still life elements in the foreground were produced by Rubens and his generation, and in the 17th century both Flemish Baroque painting and Dutch Golden Age painting developed important genres of independent still life subjects, which were just occasionally produced in Aertsen's day.
look back to the sixteenth-century paintings of Pieter Aertsen and Joachim Beuckelaer, but instill that tradition with a High Baroque monumentality.

Peiraikos

In the Renaissance, the classical example of the painter Peiraikos, known only from Pliny the Elder, was important in justifying genre and other "low" subjects in painting.
One of the first artists to specialize in genre subjects, Pieter Aertsen was an innovative late-16th-century painter of kitchen scenes, who was compared to Peiraikos by the Dutch Renaissance humanist Hadrianus Junius (Adriaen de Jonghe, 1511–1575) in his Batavia, published posthumously in 1588, which compares Aertsen at each point of Pliny's description in a wholly laudatory manner.

Joachim Wtewael

Wtewael, Joachim
Aersten's exact formula of still life and genre figures in the foreground, with small scenes from history painting in the background only persisted for the next generation (or two, as Joachim Wtewael painted some similar works), but history paintings with very prominent and profuse still life elements in the foreground were produced by Rubens and his generation, and in the 17th century both Flemish Baroque painting and Dutch Golden Age painting developed important genres of independent still life subjects, which were just occasionally produced in Aertsen's day.
In some works he also revived the kitchen scene subjects of Pieter Aertsen from a half century before.

Beeldenstorm

Iconoclastic FuryBildersturmGreat Iconoclasm
Later in life, he also painted more conventional treatments of religious subjects, now mostly lost as during the iconoclasm of the beeldenstorm several paintings that had been commissioned for Catholic churches were destroyed.
The most important works of several painters, especially those like Pieter Aertsen who worked in Antwerp, were all destroyed, leading to a somewhat distorted view of the art history of the period.

Amsterdam

Amsterdam, NetherlandsAmsterdam, The NetherlandsAmsterdam, Holland
Pieter Aertsen (Amsterdam, 1508 – 3 June 1575), called Lange Piet ("Tall Pete") because of his height, was a Dutch painter in the style of Northern Mannerism.

Netherlands

DutchThe NetherlandsHolland
Pieter Aertsen (Amsterdam, 1508 – 3 June 1575), called Lange Piet ("Tall Pete") because of his height, was a Dutch painter in the style of Northern Mannerism.

Northern Mannerism

Northern ManneristManneristHaarlem Mannerists
Pieter Aertsen (Amsterdam, 1508 – 3 June 1575), called Lange Piet ("Tall Pete") because of his height, was a Dutch painter in the style of Northern Mannerism.

Antwerp

Antwerp, BelgiumAntwerpenAnvers
He was active in his native city Amsterdam but also worked for a long period in Antwerp, then the centre of artistic life in the Netherlands.

Peasant

peasantspeasantrycampesinos
His peasant scenes preceded by a few years the much better-known paintings produced in Antwerp by Pieter Bruegel the Elder.

Pieter Bruegel the Elder

Pieter Brueghel the ElderPieter BruegelBruegel
His peasant scenes preceded by a few years the much better-known paintings produced in Antwerp by Pieter Bruegel the Elder.

Aertgen van Leyden

Allaert ClaeszLeyden, Aertgen Claesz vanLeyden, Aertgen Claeszoon van
He was apprenticed with Allaert Claesz.

Jan Mandijn

Mandijn, JanJan MandynMandijn
He then travelled to the Southern Netherlands and took up residence in Antwerp, first with his compatriot Jan Mandijn.

Guild of Saint Luke

Guild of St. LukeGuild of St Lukepainters' guild
Aertsen became a member of Antwerp's Guild of Saint Luke.

Poorter

burghercitizencitizenship
In 1542 he became a citizen (poorter) of Antwerp.

Uppsala

Uppsala, SwedenUpsalaÖstra Aros
His Butcher's Shop, with the Flight into Egypt (Uppsala, 1551) "has been called the earliest example of Mannerist inversion of still life in Northern painting", showing the "lower" subject matter far more prominently than the subject from history painting.