Piggly Wiggly

Piggly Wiggly GrocersPiggly Wiggly Midwest, LLCself-service
Piggly Wiggly is an American supermarket chain operating in the Southern and Midwestern regions of the United States, run by Piggly Wiggly, LLC, an affiliate of C&S Wholesale Grocers.wikipedia
146 Related Articles

C&S Wholesale Grocers

C&SC&S Wholesale Grocers, Inc.
Piggly Wiggly is an American supermarket chain operating in the Southern and Midwestern regions of the United States, run by Piggly Wiggly, LLC, an affiliate of C&S Wholesale Grocers.
C&S owns the Piggly Wiggly grocery brand (which is independently franchised to store operators) as well as the Best Yet private label brand.

Grocery store

grocergrocerygroceries
Its first outlet opened in 1916 in Memphis, Tennessee, and is notable for having been the first true self-service grocery store, and the originator of various familiar supermarket features such as checkout stands, individual item price marking and shopping carts.
The first self-service grocery store, Piggly Wiggly, was opened in 1916 in Memphis, Tennessee by Clarence Saunders, an inventor and entrepreneur.

Clarence Saunders (grocer)

Clarence Saundersits founder
It was founded on September 6, 1916 (although it did not open until five days later due to delays in construction), at 79 Jefferson Avenue in Memphis, Tennessee, by Clarence Saunders.
Saunders worked for most of his life trying to develop a truly automated store, developing Piggly Wiggly, Keedoozle, and Foodelectric store concepts.

Self-service

self serviceself-serveself-catering
Its first outlet opened in 1916 in Memphis, Tennessee, and is notable for having been the first true self-service grocery store, and the originator of various familiar supermarket features such as checkout stands, individual item price marking and shopping carts.
Saunders licensed the business method to independent grocery stores; these operated under the name "Piggly Wiggly."

Turnstile

ticket barriersHigh Entry/Exit Turnstilesturnstiles
Customers at Piggly Wiggly entered the store through a turnstile and walked through four aisles to view the store’s 605 items sold in packages and organized into departments.
Turnstiles were originally used, like other forms of stile, to allow human beings to pass while keeping sheep or other livestock penned in. The use of turnstiles in most modern applications has been credited to Clarence Saunders, who used them in his first Piggly Wiggly store.

Pink Palace Museum and Planetarium

Pink PalaceMemphis Pink Palace MuseumMemphis Museum of Natural History and Industrial Arts
A replica of the original store has been constructed in the Memphis Pink Palace Museum and Planetarium, a mansion that Saunders built as his private residence, which was later sold to the city.
The city of Memphis acquired the mansion when Clarence Saunders, the founder of Piggly Wiggly, became bankrupt.

Safeway Inc.

SafewayCanada SafewaySafeway Stores
Following these events, the company was divided into strategic units and sold to regional grocery chains, including Kroger, Safeway, National Tea, and Colonial.
Early acquisitions included significant parts of Piggly Wiggly chain as part of the breakup of that company by Merrill Lynch and Wall Street.

John Brooks (writer)

John BrooksBrooks, John
According to John Brooks, Piggly Wiggly's "greatly changed corporate structure...flourished into the nineteen sixties," and hundreds of stores "operated under a franchise agreement with the Piggly Wiggly Corporation, of Jacksonville, Florida.
Brooks also wrote widely on other subjects as well, including the government-guaranteed loans to Chrysler Corporation, the public television show Wall Street Week and its creator Louis Rukeyser, an examination of supply-side economics, the banking behemoth Citibank, economist Arthur Laffer and his Laffer curve, the development of New Jersey's Meadowlands, New York City urban planner Robert Moses, and even the Southern grocery store chain Piggly Wiggly.

Keedoozle

After losing control of Piggly Wiggly, Saunders had no further association with the company, although he remained interested in the concept of automated shopping, with which he experimented initially with the Keedoozle store until his death in 1953.
Saunders developed this concept from his self-service Piggly Wiggly grocery store concept.

Houchens Industries

Food Giant
Houchens Industries
In 2004, Houchens acquired Food Giant supermarkets, which operates stores under the Food Giant, Market Place and Piggly Wiggly name.

Supermarket

supermarketssupermarket chainGrocery Store
Piggly Wiggly is an American supermarket chain operating in the Southern and Midwestern regions of the United States, run by Piggly Wiggly, LLC, an affiliate of C&S Wholesale Grocers.
The concept of a self-service grocery store was developed by entrepreneur Clarence Saunders and his Piggly Wiggly stores.

Point of sale

point-of-salePOScheckout
provide checkout stands.
Self-service grocery stores such as Piggly Wiggly, beginning in 1916, allowed customers to fetch their own items and pass the point of sale on the way to the exit.

Southern United States

SouthSouthernthe South
Piggly Wiggly is an American supermarket chain operating in the Southern and Midwestern regions of the United States, run by Piggly Wiggly, LLC, an affiliate of C&S Wholesale Grocers.

Midwestern United States

MidwestMidwesternAmerican Midwest
Piggly Wiggly is an American supermarket chain operating in the Southern and Midwestern regions of the United States, run by Piggly Wiggly, LLC, an affiliate of C&S Wholesale Grocers.

Memphis, Tennessee

MemphisMemphis, TNTennessee (Memphis)
Its first outlet opened in 1916 in Memphis, Tennessee, and is notable for having been the first true self-service grocery store, and the originator of various familiar supermarket features such as checkout stands, individual item price marking and shopping carts. It was founded on September 6, 1916 (although it did not open until five days later due to delays in construction), at 79 Jefferson Avenue in Memphis, Tennessee, by Clarence Saunders.

Keene, New Hampshire

KeeneKeene, NHKeene (city)
The current company headquarters is in Keene, New Hampshire.

New Hampshire

NHState of New HampshireNew Hampshire, U.S.
The current company headquarters is in Keene, New Hampshire.

Cafeteria

canteendining hallcafeteria-style restaurant
Others were initially experimenting with this format as well, which initially came to be known as a "groceteria", reminding people of cafeterias, another relatively new, self-service idea.

Franchising

franchisefranchisesfranchised
Piggly Wiggly Corporation secured the self-service format and issued franchises to hundreds of grocery retailers for the operation of its stores.

Cashier

bank cashiercashiersSupermarket cashier
The customers selected merchandise as they continued through the maze to the cashier.

Packaging and labeling

packagingpackage designpackaging design
Instantly, packaging and brand recognition became important to companies and consumers.

Brand awareness

brand recognitionhousehold nameAwareness
Instantly, packaging and brand recognition became important to companies and consumers.

Share (finance)

sharessharestock
In November 1922, Saunders attempted a squeeze on the substantial short interest in the stock, running the share price up from 40 to 120 and profiting by millions on paper.

Cornering the market

corner the marketcornercorner the world market
The Stock Exchange Governors responded by deciding that a corner had been established in Piggly Wiggly and removed the stock from the Board, eventually forcing Saunders to turn over his assets to the banks that had financed his leveraged position.

Kroger

The Kroger CompanyKroger CompanyThe Kroger Co.
Following these events, the company was divided into strategic units and sold to regional grocery chains, including Kroger, Safeway, National Tea, and Colonial.