A report on Pike's Peak Gold Rush

Gold prospectors in the Rocky Mountains of western Kansas Territory
Prospector in Pikes Peak
"At timber line, Pike's Peak trail" ~ circa unknown
Sluicing for gold, photo by the U.S. Geological and Geographic Survey of the Territories. (1874–1879) Photographer: William Henry Jackson
A map from the late 1850s showing prominent routes to the gold regions

The boom in gold prospecting and mining in the Pike's Peak Country of western Kansas Territory and southwestern Nebraska Territory of the United States that began in July 1858 and lasted until roughly the creation of the Colorado Territory on February 28, 1861.

- Pike's Peak Gold Rush
Gold prospectors in the Rocky Mountains of western Kansas Territory

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Denver

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Consolidated city and county, the capital, and most populous city of the U.S. state of Colorado.

Consolidated city and county, the capital, and most populous city of the U.S. state of Colorado.

Indian land as defined by the 1851 Treaty of Fort Laramie. As per this treaty, the area of modern Denver falls within traditional territory of Cheyenne and Arapaho nations
Former Kansas Territorial Governor James W. Denver visited his namesake city in 1875 and in 1882.
The "Bronco Buster", a variation of Frederic Remington's "Bronco Buster" western sculpture at the Denver capitol grounds, a gift from J.K. Mullen in 1920
"Pioneer Mothers of Colorado" statue at The Denver Post building
Downtown Denver cityscape, 1964. Includes Denver's oldest church (Trinity United Methodist), first building of the Mile High Center complex, Lincoln Center, old brownstone part of the Brown Palace Hotel, and Cosmopolitan Hotel – since demolished.
Aerial photograph of Denver from the northwest
Central Downtown Denver
325x325px
Satellite image of Denver in 2020
Denver's 78 official neighborhoods
Sloans Lake neighborhood in winter
Construction along Cherokee Street in the Golden Triangle neighborhood.
Map of racial distribution in Denver, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people: White, Black, Asian , Hispanic , or Other (yellow)
The 17th street district includes many financial, business and corporate buildings.
The United States Mint in Denver (2010)
Republic Plaza, Colorado's tallest building
Wells Fargo "Cash Register" Building: Denver's most famous skyscraper
1144 15th St: One of Denver's newest skyscrapers
Denver products treemap, 2020
Development in the bustling Union Station section of downtown
The first Chipotle Mexican Grill, near the campus of the University of Denver
Colorado Convention Center
Denver City and County Building
Colorado Supreme Court - just before completion
Colorado State Capitol looking east
Dawn over downtown Denver, viewed from the north with Pikes Peak and the southern Front Range to the south.
Colfax Avenue at Broadway, where the downtown street grid and the "normal" city grid meet. Colfax Avenue carries U.S. Highway 40 through Denver.
Speer Boulevard runs north and south through downtown Denver.
Denver RTD light rail and bus lines
Denver Union Station
Commuter rail station at Denver International Airport
Inside the main terminal of Denver International Airport
Outside view of the main terminal, DIA
alt=|Denver Pavilions is a popular arts, entertainment, and shopping center on the 16th Street Mall in downtown Denver.
Denver Performing Arts Complex
alt=|Denver Art Museum
alt=|Civic Center Park: with museums and the central library in background
Empower Field at Mile High, home of the Denver Broncos
alt=|Ball Arena, home of the Denver Nuggets and the Colorado Avalanche
Coors Field, home of the Colorado Rockies
alt=|Dick's Sporting Goods Park, home of the Colorado Rapids
alt=|Cheesman Park started as a cemetery.
The Carla Madison Recreation Center, completed in 2017.
alt=|Red Rocks is a Denver park and world-famous amphitheater in the foothills
Washington Park
Genesee Park is the largest of the Denver Mountain Parks.
Denver East High School has seen several world famous people walk the halls as future alumni.
University of Colorado-Denver in downtown
The Ritchie Center at University of Denver

However, the discovery in November 1858 of gold in the Rocky Mountains in Colorado (then part of the western Kansas Territory) brought on a gold rush and a consequent flood of white emigration across Cheyenne and Arapaho lands.

Golden, Colorado

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Home rule city that is the county seat of Jefferson County, Colorado, United States.

Home rule city that is the county seat of Jefferson County, Colorado, United States.

Golden in 1868
The Astor House Museum, the first stone building in Golden, was a boarding and rooming house from 1867 to 1971.
The Denver Tramway at Golden depot, 1909
Coors Brewery in Golden
Clear Creek, looking east from the Washington Avenue bridge in Golden, with South Table Mountain and tubers
One of the numerous highway tunnels through the rugged terrain between Idaho Springs and Golden

Founded during the Pike's Peak Gold Rush on June 16, 1859, the mining camp was originally named Golden City in honor of Thomas L. Golden.

The Colorado Territory as drawn in 1860 from the Utah, Nebraska, Kansas, and New Mexico Territories. Colorado appears to have a rectangular border at this scale, but there are in fact some slight deviations from a straight line along its southern border.

Colorado Territory

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Organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from February 28, 1861, until August 1, 1876, when it was admitted to the Union as the State of Colorado.

Organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from February 28, 1861, until August 1, 1876, when it was admitted to the Union as the State of Colorado.

The Colorado Territory as drawn in 1860 from the Utah, Nebraska, Kansas, and New Mexico Territories. Colorado appears to have a rectangular border at this scale, but there are in fact some slight deviations from a straight line along its southern border.
The Colorado Territory as drawn in 1860 from the Utah, Nebraska, Kansas, and New Mexico Territories. Colorado appears to have a rectangular border at this scale, but there are in fact some slight deviations from a straight line along its southern border.

The territory was organized in the wake of the Pike's Peak Gold Rush of 1858–1861, which brought the first large concentration of white settlement to the region.

Idaho Springs, Colorado

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Statutory City that is the most populous municipality in Clear Creek County, Colorado, United States.

Statutory City that is the most populous municipality in Clear Creek County, Colorado, United States.

Bird's eye view of Idaho Springs Colorado, 1882.
Reproduction of ink rendering; shows Idaho Springs, Clear Creek County, Colorado.
Colorado and Southern Railroad locomotive on exhibit in Idaho Springs
Specimen gold from the old Dixie Mine, Idaho Springs District
thumb|High grade gold ore from Phoenix Gold Mine, Idaho Springs, Colorado
The Miner Street Bridge is one of nine sites in Idaho Springs listed on the National Register of Historic Places
Steve Canyon statue in Idaho Springs

Founded in 1859 by prospectors during the early days of the Pike's Peak Gold Rush, the town was at the center of the region's mining district throughout the late nineteenth century.

Georgetown, Colorado

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Territorial charter municipality that is the county seat of Clear Creek County, Colorado, United States.

Territorial charter municipality that is the county seat of Clear Creek County, Colorado, United States.

Georgetown, 1867
View west along Sixth Street in downtown Georgetown, with the historic Masonic Temple in the foreground.
Grace Episcopal Church, built 1870, now overlooks Interstate 70
Georgetown
The historic Alpine Hose Firehouse No. 2 in Georgetown
Georgetown Public School

The former silver mining camp along Clear Creek in the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains was established in 1859 during the Pike's Peak Gold Rush.

South Platte River

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One of the two principal tributaries of the Platte River.

One of the two principal tributaries of the Platte River.

The South Platte River in Platte Canyon, Colorado
South Platte River in Denver, Colorado
Kayakers in Eleven Mile Canyon

On the north side of Denver, it is joined somewhat inconspicuously by Clear Creek, which descends from the mountains to the west in a canyon that was the cradle of the Pike's Peak Gold Rush.

Clear Creek (Colorado)

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Tributary of the South Platte River, approximately 66 mi long, in north central Colorado in the United States.

Tributary of the South Platte River, approximately 66 mi long, in north central Colorado in the United States.

Stereoscopic view of silver ore train in Clear Creek Canyon, circa 1868
Clear Creek west of Golden
Clear Creek at Georgetown, 2003
Looking east from the Washington Avenue bridge in Golden
Stereoscopic of Colorado Central Railroad in Clear Creek Canyon, circa 1868

The creek is famous as the location of the most intense early mining activity during the Colorado Gold Rush of 1859.

Black Hawk, Colorado

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Home rule municipality located in Gilpin County, Colorado, United States.

Home rule municipality located in Gilpin County, Colorado, United States.

Black Hawk, 1864
Ameristar Casino

The tiny city is a historic mining settlement founded in 1859 during the Pike's Peak Gold Rush.

Central City, Colorado

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Home rule municipality located in Gilpin and Clear Creek counties, Colorado, United States.

Home rule municipality located in Gilpin and Clear Creek counties, Colorado, United States.

Central City, 1862
Central City Opera House, 1934
C&S #71 made its last run up the canyon to Black Hawk on April 10, 1941

The city is a historic mining settlement founded in 1859 during the Pike's Peak Gold Rush and came to be known as the "Richest Square Mile on Earth".

The fastest clipper ships cut the travel time from New York to San Francisco from seven months to four months in the 1849 Gold Rush.

Gold rush

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Discovery of gold—sometimes accompanied by other precious metals and rare-earth minerals—that brings an onrush of miners seeking their fortune.

Discovery of gold—sometimes accompanied by other precious metals and rare-earth minerals—that brings an onrush of miners seeking their fortune.

The fastest clipper ships cut the travel time from New York to San Francisco from seven months to four months in the 1849 Gold Rush.
Panning for gold on the Mokelumne River in California.
A man leans over a wooden sluice. Rocks line the outside of the wood boards that create the sluice.
Swedish gold panners by the Blackfoot River, Montana in the 1860s
Gold prospecting at the Ivalo River in 1898
Jets of water at a placer mine in Dutch Flat, California sometime between 1857 and 1870
Ballarat's tent city in the summer of 1853–54, oil painting from an original sketch by Eugene von Guerard
A chart showing the great nuggets of Victoria at Museums Victoria
Miners and prospectors ascend the Chilkoot Trail during the Klondike Gold Rush.
5-gram gold coin from Tierra del Fuego issued by Julius Popper.

Pike's Peak Gold Rush, Pikes Peak, Kansas Territory (present-day Colorado; 1859)