Pim Fortuyn

FortuynismFortuynistFortuynPim FortuijnWilhelmus Simon Petrus Fortuijn
Wilhelmus Simon Petrus Fortuijn, known as Pim Fortuyn (19 February 1948 – 6 May 2002), was a Dutch politician who formed his own party, Pim Fortuyn List (Lijst Pim Fortuyn or LPF) in 2002.wikipedia
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Pim Fortuyn List

LPFLijst Pim FortuynList Pim Fortuyn
Wilhelmus Simon Petrus Fortuijn, known as Pim Fortuyn (19 February 1948 – 6 May 2002), was a Dutch politician who formed his own party, Pim Fortuyn List (Lijst Pim Fortuyn or LPF) in 2002. Fortuyn also criticised the polder model and the policies of the outgoing government of Wim Kok and repeatedly described himself and LPF's ideology as pragmatic and not populistic.
The eponymous founder of the party was Pim Fortuyn, a charismatic former university professor and political columnist who initially had planned to contest the 2002 general election as leader of the Livable Netherlands (LN) party.

Multiculturalism in the Netherlands

Holland's tolerancemulticultural society of the Netherlandsmulticulturalism
Fortuyn had controversial views on multiculturalism, immigration and Islam in the Netherlands.
Following the murders of Pim Fortuyn (in 2002) and Theo van Gogh (in 2004) the political debate on the role of multiculturalism in the Netherlands reached new heights.

Assassination of Pim Fortuyn

assassinatedassassinationmurdered
Fortuyn was assassinated during the 2002 Dutch national election campaign by Volkert van der Graaf, a left-wing environmentalist and animal rights activist. On 6 May 2002, at age 54, Fortuyn was assassinated by gunshot in Hilversum, North Holland, by Volkert van der Graaf.
Pim Fortuyn, a Dutch politician, was assassinated by Volkert van der Graaf in Hilversum, North Holland on 6 May 2002, nine days before the Dutch general election of 2002.

2002 Dutch general election

election of 200220022002 general election
Fortuyn was assassinated during the 2002 Dutch national election campaign by Volkert van der Graaf, a left-wing environmentalist and animal rights activist. A one-time communist and former member of the social-democratic Labour Party, Fortuyn was elected "lijsttrekker" of the newly formed Livable Netherlands party by a large majority on 26 November 2001, prior to the Dutch general election of 2002. In March he released his book The Mess of Eight Purple Years (De puinhopen van acht jaar Paars), which criticised the current political system in the Netherlands and was used as his political agenda for the upcoming general election.
The elections were amongst the most dramatic in Dutch history, not just in terms of the electoral results, as they were completely overshadowed by the assassination of leader Pim Fortuyn only nine days before election day.

Populism

populistpopulistsPopulist Movement
He was labelled a far-right populist by his opponents and in the media, but he fiercely rejected this label. Fortuyn also criticised the polder model and the policies of the outgoing government of Wim Kok and repeatedly described himself and LPF's ideology as pragmatic and not populistic.
The Dutch right-wing populist leader Pim Fortuyn referred to this as the "Church of the Left".

Volkert van der Graaf

animal rights activistVolkert van der G.
Fortuyn was assassinated during the 2002 Dutch national election campaign by Volkert van der Graaf, a left-wing environmentalist and animal rights activist. On 6 May 2002, at age 54, Fortuyn was assassinated by gunshot in Hilversum, North Holland, by Volkert van der Graaf.
Volkert van der Graaf (born 9 July 1969) is a Dutch convicted murderer who assassinated politician Pim Fortuyn, the leader of the Pim Fortuyn List (LPF), on 6 May 2002.

Livable Netherlands

Leefbaar NederlandLeefbaarLiveable Netherlands
A one-time communist and former member of the social-democratic Labour Party, Fortuyn was elected "lijsttrekker" of the newly formed Livable Netherlands party by a large majority on 26 November 2001, prior to the Dutch general election of 2002.
Pim Fortuyn began his political career in the party.

De puinhopen van acht jaar Paars

Purple Chaosthe "Purple Chaos
In March he released his book The Mess of Eight Purple Years (De puinhopen van acht jaar Paars), which criticised the current political system in the Netherlands and was used as his political agenda for the upcoming general election.
De puinhopen van acht jaar Paars (, English: The Wreckage of Eight Years of Purple) is a political non-fiction book released by the Dutch political commentator and aspiring lawmaker Pim Fortuyn in 2002, two months prior to his assassination.

Livable Rotterdam

Leefbaar Rotterdam
Heading the list of the Livable Rotterdam party, a local issues party, he achieved a major victory in the Rotterdam municipal council elections in early March 2002.
It won the council elections of March 2002 due to the charismatic leadership of Pim Fortuyn.

Driehuis

Fortuyn was born on 19 February 1948 in Driehuis, as the third child to a Catholic family.

Wim Kok

KokWillem Kok
Fortuyn also criticised the polder model and the policies of the outgoing government of Wim Kok and repeatedly described himself and LPF's ideology as pragmatic and not populistic.
Moreover, the "polder model" went out of fashion in early 2002, which saw the rise of Pim Fortuyn, a political newcomer.

Labour Party (Netherlands)

Labour PartyPvdADutch Labour Party
A one-time communist and former member of the social-democratic Labour Party, Fortuyn was elected "lijsttrekker" of the newly formed Livable Netherlands party by a large majority on 26 November 2001, prior to the Dutch general election of 2002. Later, he joined the Labour Party.
But the political rise of Pim Fortuyn frustrated these hopes.

Erasmus University Rotterdam

Erasmus UniversityErasmus UniversiteitNetherlands School of Economics
From 1991 to 1995, he was an extraordinary professor at the Erasmus University Rotterdam, appointed to the Albeda-chair in "employment conditions in public service" and ran an education consultancy business.

2003 Dutch general election

election of 200320032003 elections
By the following year, the party had lost support, winning only eight seats in the 2003 elections.
The election was held following the resignation of the first Balkenende cabinet on 16 October 2002 after conflicts attributed to the LPF, the new party of the already deceased Pim Fortuyn.

University of Groningen

Groningen UniversityGroningenRijksuniversiteit Groningen
In 1981 he received a doctorate in sociology at the University of Groningen as a Doctor of Philosophy.

Polder model

NetherlandsPoldermodel
Fortuyn also criticised the polder model and the policies of the outgoing government of Wim Kok and repeatedly described himself and LPF's ideology as pragmatic and not populistic.
In the declining economic climate of the early 21st century the model came under fierce attack particularly from right-wing politicians and Pim Fortuyn in his book entitled De puinhopen van acht jaar Paars ("The wreckage of eight years Purple").

2006 Dutch general election

election of 200620062006 elections
It won no seats in the 2006 elections, by which time the Party for Freedom, led by Geert Wilders, had emerged as a successor.
Most of these parties either came out of the remains of Pim Fortuyn's Pim Fortuyn List (LPF) or the liberal VVD.

People's Party for Freedom and Democracy

VVDVolkspartij voor Vrijheid en DemocratiePeople’s Party for Freedom and Democracy
The LPF joined a cabinet with the Christian Democratic Appeal and the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy, but conflicts in the rudderless LPF quickly collapsed the cabinet, forcing new elections.
In the heavily polarised Dutch general election of 2002, dominated by the rise and murder of Pim Fortuyn, the VVD lost fourteen seats, leaving only twenty-four.

Christian Democratic Appeal

CDAChristen-Democratisch AppèlChristian Democratic
The LPF joined a cabinet with the Christian Democratic Appeal and the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy, but conflicts in the rudderless LPF quickly collapsed the cabinet, forcing new elections.
During the tumultuous 2002 general election, which saw the murder of far-right politician Pim Fortuyn, many people voted for the CDA, hoping that it could bring some stability to Dutch politics.

Hans Smolders

The attacker was pursued by Hans Smolders, Fortuyn's driver, and was arrested by the police shortly afterward, still in possession of a handgun.
During the election season, he was Pim Fortuyn's driver.

Geert Wilders

WildersHenk and IngridHenk en Ingrid
It won no seats in the 2006 elections, by which time the Party for Freedom, led by Geert Wilders, had emerged as a successor.
The Party for Freedom's political platform often overlaps those of the assassinated Rotterdam politician Pim Fortuyn and his Pim Fortuyn List.

Biotic Baking Brigade

On 14 March 2002, Fortuyn was pied by a left-wing activist from the Biotic Baking Brigade in The Hague.
The Biotic Baking Brigade is a loosely connected group of activists famous for throwing pies in the faces of such figures as Bill Gates, San Francisco mayors Willie Brown and Gavin Newsom, anti-gay preacher Fred Phelps, economist Milton Friedman, Swedish King Carl Gustaf, former Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chrétien, conservative journalist William F. Buckley, right-wing Dutch politician Pim Fortuyn, former WTO head Renato Ruggiero, and Ann Coulter, among others.

Islam in the Netherlands

IslamMuslimsthe influence of Islam on the Netherlands
Fortuyn had controversial views on multiculturalism, immigration and Islam in the Netherlands.

Hilversum

Hilversum, NetherlandsMayor of HilversumHilversum Town Hall
On 6 May 2002, at age 54, Fortuyn was assassinated by gunshot in Hilversum, North Holland, by Volkert van der Graaf.
By strange coincidence, in 2002 the most vocal Leefbaar Rotterdam politician Pim Fortuyn was shot and killed by an animal rights activist at Hilversum Media Park just after finishing a radio interview.

Rotterdam

Rotterdam, NetherlandsRotterdam, The NetherlandsHistorisch Museum Rotterdam
Heading the list of the Livable Rotterdam party, a local issues party, he achieved a major victory in the Rotterdam municipal council elections in early March 2002. In March 2002, his newly created LPF in the Dutch municipal elections became the largest party in Fortuyn's hometown Rotterdam.