Pinball

pinball machinepinball machinesflipperVideo pinballflipperspinball gamepinball gamescustom pinballpinball tablevirtual
Pinball is a type of arcade game, in which points are scored by a player manipulating one or more steel balls on a play field inside a glass-covered cabinet called a pinball table (or "pinball machine").wikipedia
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Arcade game

Arcadearcadesarcade games
Pinball is a type of arcade game, in which points are scored by a player manipulating one or more steel balls on a play field inside a glass-covered cabinet called a pinball table (or "pinball machine").
Most arcade games are video games, pinball machines, electro-mechanical games, redemption games or merchandisers.

Pachinko

pachinko parlorPachislotBalls
The player shot balls up the inclined playfield toward the scoring targets using this plunger, a device that remains in use in pinball to this day, and the game was also directly ancestral to pachinko.
A pachinko machine resembles a vertical pinball machine, but is different from Western pinball in several ways.

Bally Manufacturing

BallyBally EntertainmentBally Consumer Products
Moloney eventually changed the name of his company to Bally to reflect the success of this game.
Bally Manufacturing, later renamed Bally Entertainment, was an American company that began as a pinball and slot machine manufacturer, and later expanded into casinos, video games, health clubs, and theme parks.

WMS Industries

WilliamsWilliams ElectronicsWilliams Entertainment
The designer of Contact, Harry Williams, would eventually form his own company, Williams Manufacturing, in 1944.
Williams initially was a manufacturer of pinball machines.

Bagatelle

bagatelles
A standardized version of the game eventually became known as bagatelle.
A bagatelle variant using fixed metal pins, billard japonais, eventually led to the development of pachinko and pinball.

Baffle Ball

In 1931 David Gottlieb's Baffle Ball became the first hit of the coin-operated era.
Baffle Ball is a pinball machine created in 1931 by David Gottlieb, founder of the Gottlieb amusement company.

Gottlieb

D. Gottlieb & Co.D. Gottlieb & CoD. Gottlieb and Company
Baffle Ball sold over 50,000 units and established Gottlieb as the first major manufacturer of pinball machines.
The main office and plant was located at 1140-50 N. Kostner Avenue until the early 1970s when a new modern plant and office was located at 165 W. Lake Street in Northlake, IL. A subassembly plant was located in Fargo, ND. The company was established by David Gottlieb in 1927, initially producing pinball machines while later expanding into various other games including pitch-and-bats, bowling games, and eventually video arcade games (notably Reactor and Q*bert and, leading to the demise of Mylstar; M*A*C*H*3 ).

Ed Krynski

Game designers Wayne Neyens and Ed Krynski, along with artist Leroy Parker, produced games that collectors consider some of the best classic pinball machines.
Ed Krynski (died 16 November 2004) was a pinball game designer and innovator who worked for D. Gottlieb & Co between 1965 and 1984.

Electronic game

electro-mechanicalelectronic gameselectro-mechanical game
The introduction of microprocessors brought pinball into the realm of electronic gaming.
Other common forms of electronic game include such products as handheld electronic games, standalone systems (e.g. pinball, slot machines, or electro-mechanical arcade games), and exclusively non-visual products (e.g. audio games).

Humpty Dumpty (pinball)

Humpty DumptyHumpty Dumpty'' (pinball)
Gottlieb's Humpty Dumpty, introduced in 1947, was the first game to add player-controlled flippers to keep the ball in play longer, adding a skill factor to the game.
Humpty Dumpty is a historically important pinball machine released by Gottlieb on October 25, 1947.

Steve Kordek

These innovations were some of many by designer Steve Kordek.
Steve Kordek (December 26, 1911 – February 19, 2012) was an American businessman of Polish descent who was best known for the design of the pinball machines.

Montague Redgrave

Parlor Table Bagatelle
In 1869, British inventor Montague Redgrave settled in the United States and manufactured bagatelle tables in Cincinnati, Ohio.
Montague Andrew Elijah Redgrave (July 31, 1844 – 1934) was an English-American game designer who bridged the gap between table Bagatelle and Pinball through his popular "Parlor Table Bagatelle" game.

Golden age of arcade video games

golden age of video arcade gamesgolden ageclassic arcade games
The video game boom of the 1980s signaled the end of the boom for pinball.
Prior to the golden age, pinball machines were more popular than video games.

Mirco Games

Mirco Games, Inc.
The first solid-state pinball is believed to be Mirco Games' The Spirit of '76 (1976), though the first mainstream solid-state game was Williams' Hot Tip (1977).
Mirco Games was a pinball and arcade game manufacturer from Phoenix, Arizona that existed from 1969 to 1978.

Black Knight (pinball)

Black KnightBlack Knight'' (pinball)
Some of these include speech, such as Williams' Gorgar; ramps for the ball to travel around, such as Williams' Space Shuttle; "multiball", used on Williams' Firepower; multi-level games like Gottlieb's Black Hole and Williams' Black Knight; and blinking chase lights, as used on Bally's Xenon.
Black Knight is a 1980 pinball game designed by Steve Ritchie (who also provides the Knight's voice) and released by Williams Electronics.

Gorgar

Some of these include speech, such as Williams' Gorgar; ramps for the ball to travel around, such as Williams' Space Shuttle; "multiball", used on Williams' Firepower; multi-level games like Gottlieb's Black Hole and Williams' Black Knight; and blinking chase lights, as used on Bally's Xenon.
Gorgar is a 1979 pinball machine designed by Barry Oursler and released by Williams Electronics.

The Addams Family (pinball)

The Addams FamilyAddams Familypinball machine
Licensing popular movies and icons of the day became a staple for pinball, with Bally/Williams' The Addams Family hitting an all-time modern sales record of 20,270 machines.
The Addams Family, released in March 1992, is the best selling pinball machine of all time.

Black Hole (pinball)

Black HoleBlack Hole'' (pinball)
Some of these include speech, such as Williams' Gorgar; ramps for the ball to travel around, such as Williams' Space Shuttle; "multiball", used on Williams' Firepower; multi-level games like Gottlieb's Black Hole and Williams' Black Knight; and blinking chase lights, as used on Bally's Xenon.
Black Hole is a pinball game released in 1981 by Gottlieb.

Star Trek: The Next Generation (pinball)

Star Trek: The Next GenerationStar Trek: The Next Generation'' pinball game
Other notable popular licenses included Indiana Jones: The Pinball Adventure and Star Trek: The Next Generation.
Star Trek: The Next Generation is a widebody pinball game, designed by Steve Ritchie and released in November 1993 by Williams Electronics.

Xenon (pinball)

XenonXenon'' (pinball)
Some of these include speech, such as Williams' Gorgar; ramps for the ball to travel around, such as Williams' Space Shuttle; "multiball", used on Williams' Firepower; multi-level games like Gottlieb's Black Hole and Williams' Black Knight; and blinking chase lights, as used on Bally's Xenon.
Xenon is a 1980 pinball machine designed by Greg Kmiec and released by Bally.

Chicago Coin

Chicago DynamicsGenco
Chicago Coin was purchased by the Stern family, who brought the company into the digital era as Stern Enterprises, which closed its doors in the mid-1980s.
Chicago Coin was one of the early major manufacturers of pinball tables founded in Chicago, Illinois.

Indiana Jones: The Pinball Adventure

Indiana Jones'' (pinball)
Other notable popular licenses included Indiana Jones: The Pinball Adventure and Star Trek: The Next Generation.
Indiana Jones: The Pinball Adventure is a 1993 widebody pinball game designed by Mark Ritchie (the younger brother of acclaimed pinball designer Steve Ritchie) and released by Williams.

Pat Lawlor

Pat Lawlor was a designer, working for Williams until their exit from the industry in 1999.
Patrick M. Lawlor (born 1951) is a video game and pinball machine designer.

Firepower (pinball)

FirepowerFirepower'' (pinball)
Some of these include speech, such as Williams' Gorgar; ramps for the ball to travel around, such as Williams' Space Shuttle; "multiball", used on Williams' Firepower; multi-level games like Gottlieb's Black Hole and Williams' Black Knight; and blinking chase lights, as used on Bally's Xenon.
Firepower (also known as Multi-Ball Firepower) is a 1980 pinball game designed by Steve Ritchie and released by Williams.

Pinball 2000

In 1999, Williams attempted to revive sales with the Pinball 2000 line of games, merging a video display into the pinball playfield.
Pinball 2000 was the last pinball hardware and software platform developed by major pinball manufacturer Williams, and was used in the machines Revenge From Mars (under the brand name Bally) and Star Wars Episode I (under the brand name Williams) before Williams exited the pinball business on October 25, 1999.