Pink film

Roman pornoPinkpinku eigaPinky ViolencePinky Violentroman porunoNikkatsu Roman PornoPink & ViolentPink (gay)Pink film actresses
Pink film in its broadest sense includes almost any Japanese theatrical film that includes nudity (hence 'pink') or deals with sexual content.wikipedia
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OP Eiga

Ōkura EigaŌkura PicturesŌkura
However, some writers have reserved the term 'pink film' for Japanese sex movies produced and distributed by smaller independent studios such as OP Eiga, Shintōhō Eiga, Kokuei and Xces. Among the most influential independent studios producing pink films in this era were Shintōhō Eiga (the second studio to use this name), Million Film, Kantō, and Ōkura.
OP Eiga, also known as Ōkura Eiga or Okura Pictures, is the largest and one of the oldest independent Japanese studios which produce and distribute pink films.

Shintōhō Eiga

However, some writers have reserved the term 'pink film' for Japanese sex movies produced and distributed by smaller independent studios such as OP Eiga, Shintōhō Eiga, Kokuei and Xces.
Shintōhō Eiga is a Japanese pink film production company and film distributor located in Tokyo, Japan which has been among the most influential studios in the pink film genre since its beginnings.

Chronology of adult videos in Japan

adult videoAVAVs
Though the appearance of the adult video led viewers to move away from pink film in the 1980s, films in this genre are still being produced.
In Japan, Adult Videos (AV) are a genre of pornographic movies distinguishable from pink films on the one hand, and 'V-cinema' or original video Original Videos (OV) on the other.

Tamaki Katori

Tamaki Katori, the star of the film, went on to become one of the leading early pink film stars, appearing in over 600, and earning the title "Pink Princess".
Tamaki Katori was a Japanese actress best known for her appearances in "pink film" during the 1960s and early 1970s.

Satoru Kobayashi (director)

Satoru Kobayashi
Nudity and sex officially entered Japanese cinema with Satoru Kobayashi's controversial and popular independent production Flesh Market (Nikutai no Ichiba, 1962), which is considered the first true pink film.
Satoru Kobayashi was a Japanese film director most famous for directing the first pink film, the type of softcore pornographic films that became the most prolific film genre in Japan during the 1960s and 1970s.

Naomi Tani

In her introduction to the Weisser's Japanese Cinema Encyclopedia: The Sex Films, actress Naomi Tani calls this period in pink film production "The Age of Competition". Younger starlets like Naomi Tani, and Kazuko Shirakawa were starting their careers and already making names for themselves in the pink film industry, but are best remembered today for their work with Nikkatsu during the 1970s.
Naomi Tani is a Japanese actress who is best known for her appearances in Nikkatsu's Roman Porno films with an S&M theme during the 1970s.

Tetsuji Takechi

In 1964, maverick kabuki, theater and film director Tetsuji Takechi directed Daydream, a big-budget film distributed by the major studio Shochiku.
His 1964 film Daydream was the first big-budget, mainstream pink film released in Japan.

Million Film

Among the most influential independent studios producing pink films in this era were Shintōhō Eiga (the second studio to use this name), Million Film, Kantō, and Ōkura.
Million Film was one of the early independent studios which produced pink films.

Noriko Tatsumi

The "first queen of Japanese sex movies" was Noriko Tatsumi, who made films at World Eiga and Nihon Cinema with director Kōji Seki.
Noriko Tatsumi is a Japanese actress known primarily for her appearances in pink films of the 1960s.

Kan Mukai

Hiroshi Mukai
Three other important pink film directors of this time, Kan Mukai, Kin'ya Ogawa and Shin'ya Yamamoto (director) are known as "The Heroes of the First Wave".
Kan Mukai a.k.a. Hiroshi Mukai and Patrick Kan was a Japanese film director, cinematographer, producer and screenwriter, known for his pioneering work in the pink film genre.

Kōji Seki

The "first queen of Japanese sex movies" was Noriko Tatsumi, who made films at World Eiga and Nihon Cinema with director Kōji Seki.
Kōji Seki aka Takashi Seki (関孝司 or 関孝志) (born September 20, 1911, date of death unknown) was a Japanese film director known for his pioneering work in the pink film genre.

Teruo Ishii

In films like his ero-guro series and Joys of Torture series of the late 1960s director Teruo Ishii provided a model for Toei's sexploitation ventures by "establishing a queasy mix of comedy and torture."
Teruo Ishii was a Japanese film director best known in the West for his early films in the Super Giant series, and for his films in the Ero guro ("erotic-grotesque") subgenre of pinku eiga such as Shogun's Joys of Torture (1968).

Go, Go, Second Time Virgin

His most controversial early films dealing with misogyny and sadism are The Embryo Hunts In Secret (1966), Violated Angels (1967), and Go, Go Second Time Virgin (1969).
When his pink film Skeleton in the Closet (also known as Secret Acts within Four Walls) (1965) ran afoul of the government, and the studio did not support him, Wakamatsu quit Nikkatsu to form his own production company.

Michiko Maeda

Although throughout the 1940s and early 1950s nudity in Japanese movie theaters, as in most of the world, was a taboo, some films from the mid-50s such as Shintoho's female pearl-diver films starring buxom Michiko Maeda, began showing more flesh than would have previously been imaginable in the Japanese cinema.
After 42 years of exile from the Japanese film world pink film pioneer Satoru Kobayashi and cult film director Teruo Ishii persuaded her to appear in Ishii's 1999 remake of Nobuo Nakagawa's Jigoku (1960).

Kazuko Shirakawa

Younger starlets like Naomi Tani, and Kazuko Shirakawa were starting their careers and already making names for themselves in the pink film industry, but are best remembered today for their work with Nikkatsu during the 1970s. Nikkatsu launched its Roman Porno series in November 1971 with Apartment Wife: Affair In the Afternoon, starring Kazuko Shirakawa.
Kazuko Shirakawa (born September 30, 1947) is a Japanese actress who is best known for her appearances in Nikkatsu's Roman Porno films during the 1970s.

Giichi Nishihara

In 1965, the same year as Wakamatsu became independent, directors Kan Mukai and Giichi Nishihara established their own production companies—Mukai Productions and Aoi Eiga.
Giichi Nishihara a.k.a. Shirō Sekiya was a Japanese film director, screenwriter, producer and actor best known for his low-budget and sensationalistic pink films made for his Aoi Eiga studios in the 1960s and 1970s.

Reiko Ike

Other series in the Pinky Violence genre included Norifumi Suzuki's Girl Boss (Sukeban) films, and the Terrifying Girls' High School films, both starring Reiko Ike and Miki Sugimoto.
She is best known for her roles in the genre of action/erotic movies known as pink films.

Nikkatsu

Nikkatsu CorporationNikkatsu StudiosNikkatsu Company
In this narrower sense, Nikkatsu's Roman Porno series, Toei's Pinky Violence series and the Tokatsu films distributed by Shochiku would not be included as these studios have much larger distribution networks.
By 1971 the increased popularity of television had taken a heavy toll on the film industry and in order to remain profitable Nikkatsu turned to the production of Roman Porno (from the French word 'roman' for 'novel' and the English word 'porno') and pinku eiga or pink films, which focus on sex, violence, S&M and romance.

Terrifying Girls' High School

Other series in the Pinky Violence genre included Norifumi Suzuki's Girl Boss (Sukeban) films, and the Terrifying Girls' High School films, both starring Reiko Ike and Miki Sugimoto.
Terrifying Girls' High School is a 4-film series of Pinky violence pink films made by Toei during 1972 and 1973.

Masaru Konuma

Director Masaru Konuma says that the process of making Roman Porno was the same as that of making a pink film except for the higher budget.
Masaru Konuma is a Japanese film director known for his Roman Porno films for Nikkatsu during the 1970s.

List of Nikkatsu Roman Porno films

Roman PornoRoman Porno'' series
Nikkatsu launched its Roman Porno series in November 1971 with Apartment Wife: Affair In the Afternoon, starring Kazuko Shirakawa.
* Pink film

Tatsumi Kumashiro

Kumashiro Tatsumi
Tatsumi Kumashiro was one of the major directors of the Roman Porno.
Tatsumi Kumashiro was a Japanese film director known for his critically acclaimed, award-winning Roman Porno films, such as Ichijo's Wet Lust (1972) and The Woman with Red Hair (1979).

Meiko Kaji

Kaji, Meiko
Starting with Female Convict #701: Scorpion (1972), the Scorpion series starred Meiko Kaji, who had left Nikkatsu Studios to distance herself from their Roman Porno series.
In 1971, Nikkatsu moved into the pink film business, and to avoid this, Kaji moved to Toei Company.

Junko Miyashita

Kumashiro directed a string of financial and critical hits unprecedented in Japanese cinematic history, including Ichijo's Wet Desire (1972) and Woman with Red Hair (1979), starring Junko Miyashita.
Junko Miyashita is a Japanese actress who had a long and varied career working both in pink film and mainstream cinema.

Noboru Tanaka

He became known as the "King of Nikkatsu Roman porno" Noboru Tanaka, director of A Woman Called Sada Abe (1975), is judged by many critics today to have been the best of Nikkatsu's Roman Porno directors.
Noboru Tanaka was a Japanese film director known for his Roman Porno films, including three critically respected films known as the Showa trilogy: A Woman Called Sada Abe (aka Sada Abe: Docu-Drama) (1975), Watcher in the Attic (1976), and Beauty's Exotic Dance: Torture! (1977), all three starring Nikkatsu Roman porno queen Junko Miyashita.